An Intrinsic Calculation For Asiainfo Technologies Limited (HKG:1675) Suggests It's 22% Undervalued

By
Simply Wall St
Published
January 17, 2022
SEHK:1675
Source: Shutterstock

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Asiainfo Technologies Limited (HKG:1675) as an investment opportunity by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to today's value. Our analysis will employ the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Don't get put off by the jargon, the math behind it is actually quite straightforward.

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for Asiainfo Technologies

The method

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (CN¥, Millions) CN¥662.0m CN¥661.8m CN¥664.7m CN¥669.6m CN¥676.0m CN¥683.6m CN¥692.0m CN¥701.0m CN¥710.5m CN¥720.4m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ -0.67% Est @ -0.03% Est @ 0.43% Est @ 0.74% Est @ 0.96% Est @ 1.12% Est @ 1.23% Est @ 1.3% Est @ 1.36% Est @ 1.39%
Present Value (CN¥, Millions) Discounted @ 6.3% CN¥623 CN¥585 CN¥553 CN¥523 CN¥497 CN¥473 CN¥450 CN¥428 CN¥408 CN¥389

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = CN¥4.9b

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (1.5%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 6.3%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = CN¥720m× (1 + 1.5%) ÷ (6.3%– 1.5%) = CN¥15b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= CN¥15b÷ ( 1 + 6.3%)10= CN¥8.1b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is CN¥13b. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of HK$13.5, the company appears a touch undervalued at a 22% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
SEHK:1675 Discounted Cash Flow January 17th 2022

Important assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Asiainfo Technologies as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 6.3%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.980. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Looking Ahead:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" For instance, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can dramatically alter the overall result. Why is the intrinsic value higher than the current share price? For Asiainfo Technologies, we've compiled three additional aspects you should explore:

  1. Risks: For instance, we've identified 1 warning sign for Asiainfo Technologies that you should be aware of.
  2. Future Earnings: How does 1675's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Hong Kong stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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