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A Look At The Intrinsic Value Of Onion Global Limited (NYSE:OG)
Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Onion Global Limited (NYSE:OG) as an investment opportunity by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. We will use the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model on this occasion. There's really not all that much to it, even though it might appear quite complex.
We generally believe that a company's value is the present value of all of the cash it will generate in the future. However, a DCF is just one valuation metric among many, and it is not without flaws. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.
Check out our latest analysis for Onion Global
We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second 'steady growth' period. In the first stage we need to estimate the cash flows to the business over the next ten years. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.
A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:
10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast
|Levered FCF (CN¥, Millions)||CN¥47.6m||CN¥51.2m||CN¥54.2m||CN¥56.7m||CN¥58.9m||CN¥60.8m||CN¥62.6m||CN¥64.2m||CN¥65.7m||CN¥67.2m|
|Growth Rate Estimate Source||Est @ 9.91%||Est @ 7.51%||Est @ 5.83%||Est @ 4.66%||Est @ 3.84%||Est @ 3.26%||Est @ 2.86%||Est @ 2.58%||Est @ 2.38%||Est @ 2.24%|
|Present Value (CN¥, Millions) Discounted @ 7.1%||CN¥44.5||CN¥44.6||CN¥44.1||CN¥43.1||CN¥41.8||CN¥40.3||CN¥38.7||CN¥37.0||CN¥35.4||CN¥33.8|
("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = CN¥403m
We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (1.9%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 7.1%.
Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = CN¥67m× (1 + 1.9%) ÷ (7.1%– 1.9%) = CN¥1.3b
Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= CN¥1.3b÷ ( 1 + 7.1%)10= CN¥662m
The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is CN¥1.1b. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of US$1.4, the company appears about fair value at a 19% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.
We would point out that the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate and of course the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Onion Global as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 7.1%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.053. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.
Whilst important, the DCF calculation shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. For Onion Global, there are three pertinent items you should look at:
- Risks: Be aware that Onion Global is showing 2 warning signs in our investment analysis , and 1 of those can't be ignored...
- Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
- Other Environmentally-Friendly Companies: Concerned about the environment and think consumers will buy eco-friendly products more and more? Browse through our interactive list of companies that are thinking about a greener future to discover some stocks you may not have thought of!
PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the NYSE every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.
Valuation is complex, but we're helping make it simple.
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This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.
Onion Global Limited operates a platform that incubates, markets, and distributes fashionable and future brands in China and internationally.
Mediocre balance sheet and slightly overvalued.