Stock Analysis

Amneal Pharmaceuticals (NYSE:AMRX) Has A Somewhat Strained Balance Sheet

  •  Updated
NYSE:AMRX
Source: Shutterstock

David Iben put it well when he said, 'Volatility is not a risk we care about. What we care about is avoiding the permanent loss of capital.' It's only natural to consider a company's balance sheet when you examine how risky it is, since debt is often involved when a business collapses. We note that Amneal Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NYSE:AMRX) does have debt on its balance sheet. But should shareholders be worried about its use of debt?

Why Does Debt Bring Risk?

Debt and other liabilities become risky for a business when it cannot easily fulfill those obligations, either with free cash flow or by raising capital at an attractive price. Ultimately, if the company can't fulfill its legal obligations to repay debt, shareholders could walk away with nothing. However, a more common (but still painful) scenario is that it has to raise new equity capital at a low price, thus permanently diluting shareholders. Of course, debt can be an important tool in businesses, particularly capital heavy businesses. The first step when considering a company's debt levels is to consider its cash and debt together.

Check out our latest analysis for Amneal Pharmaceuticals

How Much Debt Does Amneal Pharmaceuticals Carry?

The chart below, which you can click on for greater detail, shows that Amneal Pharmaceuticals had US$2.78b in debt in June 2022; about the same as the year before. However, it does have US$93.7m in cash offsetting this, leading to net debt of about US$2.68b.

debt-equity-history-analysis
NYSE:AMRX Debt to Equity History September 1st 2022

A Look At Amneal Pharmaceuticals' Liabilities

We can see from the most recent balance sheet that Amneal Pharmaceuticals had liabilities of US$993.1m falling due within a year, and liabilities of US$2.86b due beyond that. Offsetting these obligations, it had cash of US$93.7m as well as receivables valued at US$726.6m due within 12 months. So its liabilities total US$3.03b more than the combination of its cash and short-term receivables.

This deficit casts a shadow over the US$686.0m company, like a colossus towering over mere mortals. So we'd watch its balance sheet closely, without a doubt. At the end of the day, Amneal Pharmaceuticals would probably need a major re-capitalization if its creditors were to demand repayment.

We use two main ratios to inform us about debt levels relative to earnings. The first is net debt divided by earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA), while the second is how many times its earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) covers its interest expense (or its interest cover, for short). The advantage of this approach is that we take into account both the absolute quantum of debt (with net debt to EBITDA) and the actual interest expenses associated with that debt (with its interest cover ratio).

Weak interest cover of 1.3 times and a disturbingly high net debt to EBITDA ratio of 6.5 hit our confidence in Amneal Pharmaceuticals like a one-two punch to the gut. This means we'd consider it to have a heavy debt load. Even more troubling is the fact that Amneal Pharmaceuticals actually let its EBIT decrease by 3.6% over the last year. If that earnings trend continues the company will face an uphill battle to pay off its debt. There's no doubt that we learn most about debt from the balance sheet. But it is future earnings, more than anything, that will determine Amneal Pharmaceuticals's ability to maintain a healthy balance sheet going forward. So if you're focused on the future you can check out this free report showing analyst profit forecasts.

Finally, a business needs free cash flow to pay off debt; accounting profits just don't cut it. So we clearly need to look at whether that EBIT is leading to corresponding free cash flow. Happily for any shareholders, Amneal Pharmaceuticals actually produced more free cash flow than EBIT over the last three years. That sort of strong cash generation warms our hearts like a puppy in a bumblebee suit.

Our View

On the face of it, Amneal Pharmaceuticals's interest cover left us tentative about the stock, and its level of total liabilities was no more enticing than the one empty restaurant on the busiest night of the year. But on the bright side, its conversion of EBIT to free cash flow is a good sign, and makes us more optimistic. Overall, it seems to us that Amneal Pharmaceuticals's balance sheet is really quite a risk to the business. So we're almost as wary of this stock as a hungry kitten is about falling into its owner's fish pond: once bitten, twice shy, as they say. In light of our reservations about the company's balance sheet, it seems sensible to check if insiders have been selling shares recently.

When all is said and done, sometimes its easier to focus on companies that don't even need debt. Readers can access a list of growth stocks with zero net debt 100% free, right now.

What are the risks and opportunities for Amneal Pharmaceuticals?

Amneal Pharmaceuticals, Inc., together with its subsidiaries, develops, licenses, manufactures, markets, and distributes generic and specialty pharmaceutical products for various dosage forms and therapeutic areas.

View Full Analysis

Rewards

  • Trading at 82.6% below our estimate of its fair value

Risks

  • Earnings have declined by 26.7% per year over past 5 years

View all Risks and Rewards

Share Price

Market Cap

1Y Return

View Company Report

Further research on
Amneal Pharmaceuticals

ValuationFinancial HealthInsider TradingManagement Team