Is Industrias Bachoco, S.A.B. de C.V. (NYSE:IBA) Trading At A 23% Discount?

By
Simply Wall St
Published
January 18, 2022
NYSE:IBA
Source: Shutterstock

Today we will run through one way of estimating the intrinsic value of Industrias Bachoco, S.A.B. de C.V. (NYSE:IBA) by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. We will take advantage of the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model for this purpose. Don't get put off by the jargon, the math behind it is actually quite straightforward.

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

View our latest analysis for Industrias Bachoco. de

What's the estimated valuation?

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (MX$, Millions) Mex$2.66b Mex$2.83b Mex$2.84b Mex$2.93b Mex$2.91b Mex$2.91b Mex$2.93b Mex$2.96b Mex$3.00b Mex$3.04b
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x4 Analyst x4 Analyst x1 Analyst x1 Analyst x1 Est @ 0.08% Est @ 0.64% Est @ 1.04% Est @ 1.32% Est @ 1.51%
Present Value (MX$, Millions) Discounted @ 6.5% Mex$2.5k Mex$2.5k Mex$2.4k Mex$2.3k Mex$2.1k Mex$2.0k Mex$1.9k Mex$1.8k Mex$1.7k Mex$1.6k

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = Mex$21b

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 2.0%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 6.5%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = Mex$3.0b× (1 + 2.0%) ÷ (6.5%– 2.0%) = Mex$68b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= Mex$68b÷ ( 1 + 6.5%)10= Mex$36b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is Mex$57b. The last step is to then divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of US$43.2, the company appears a touch undervalued at a 23% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
NYSE:IBA Discounted Cash Flow January 18th 2022

Important assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Industrias Bachoco. de as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 6.5%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.800. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Looking Ahead:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. Can we work out why the company is trading at a discount to intrinsic value? For Industrias Bachoco. de, we've compiled three relevant elements you should consider:

  1. Risks: For example, we've discovered 2 warning signs for Industrias Bachoco. de (1 shouldn't be ignored!) that you should be aware of before investing here.
  2. Future Earnings: How does IBA's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the NYSE every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

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