A Look At The Intrinsic Value Of Biovica International AB (publ) (STO:BIOVIC B)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
January 20, 2022
OM:BIOVIC B
Source: Shutterstock

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Biovica International AB (publ) (STO:BIOVIC B) as an investment opportunity by estimating the company's future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. One way to achieve this is by employing the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Models like these may appear beyond the comprehension of a lay person, but they're fairly easy to follow.

We would caution that there are many ways of valuing a company and, like the DCF, each technique has advantages and disadvantages in certain scenarios. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for Biovica International

The model

We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. In the first stage we need to estimate the cash flows to the business over the next ten years. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (SEK, Millions) -kr33.0m -kr10.0m kr11.0m kr18.0m kr26.2m kr34.4m kr42.0m kr48.6m kr54.0m kr58.2m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x1 Analyst x1 Analyst x1 Est @ 64.06% Est @ 44.94% Est @ 31.56% Est @ 22.19% Est @ 15.63% Est @ 11.04% Est @ 7.83%
Present Value (SEK, Millions) Discounted @ 4.1% -kr31.7 -kr9.2 kr9.8 kr15.4 kr21.4 kr27.0 kr31.8 kr35.3 kr37.6 kr39.0

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = kr176m

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (0.3%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 4.1%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = kr58m× (1 + 0.3%) ÷ (4.1%– 0.3%) = kr1.6b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= kr1.6b÷ ( 1 + 4.1%)10= kr1.0b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is kr1.2b. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of kr40.5, the company appears about fair value at a 5.2% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

dcf
OM:BIOVIC B Discounted Cash Flow January 20th 2022

Important assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Biovica International as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 4.1%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.860. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Looking Ahead:

Valuation is only one side of the coin in terms of building your investment thesis, and it shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For Biovica International, we've compiled three important aspects you should consider:

  1. Risks: For instance, we've identified 2 warning signs for Biovica International (1 is significant) you should be aware of.
  2. Future Earnings: How does BIOVIC B's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the OM every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

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