Stock Analysis

# Are Saudi Real Estate Company's (TADAWUL:4020) Mixed Financials The Reason For Its Gloomy Performance on The Stock Market?

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With its stock down 6.8% over the past month, it is easy to disregard Saudi Real Estate (TADAWUL:4020). We, however decided to study the company's financials to determine if they have got anything to do with the price decline. Fundamentals usually dictate market outcomes so it makes sense to study the company's financials. Particularly, we will be paying attention to Saudi Real Estate's ROE today.

Return on equity or ROE is an important factor to be considered by a shareholder because it tells them how effectively their capital is being reinvested. In other words, it is a profitability ratio which measures the rate of return on the capital provided by the company's shareholders.

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## How Do You Calculate Return On Equity?

ROE can be calculated by using the formula:

Return on Equity = Net Profit (from continuing operations) ÷ Shareholders' Equity

So, based on the above formula, the ROE for Saudi Real Estate is:

3.3% = ر.س151m ÷ ر.س4.6b (Based on the trailing twelve months to September 2022).

The 'return' is the amount earned after tax over the last twelve months. That means that for every SAR1 worth of shareholders' equity, the company generated SAR0.03 in profit.

## What Has ROE Got To Do With Earnings Growth?

Thus far, we have learned that ROE measures how efficiently a company is generating its profits. Depending on how much of these profits the company reinvests or "retains", and how effectively it does so, we are then able to assess a company’s earnings growth potential. Assuming all else is equal, companies that have both a higher return on equity and higher profit retention are usually the ones that have a higher growth rate when compared to companies that don't have the same features.

## A Side By Side comparison of Saudi Real Estate's Earnings Growth And 3.3% ROE

It is hard to argue that Saudi Real Estate's ROE is much good in and of itself. Not just that, even compared to the industry average of 6.6%, the company's ROE is entirely unremarkable. For this reason, Saudi Real Estate's five year net income decline of 8.4% is not surprising given its lower ROE. However, there could also be other factors causing the earnings to decline. For instance, the company has a very high payout ratio, or is faced with competitive pressures.

Next, when we compared with the industry, which has shrunk its earnings at a rate of 2.3% in the same period, we still found Saudi Real Estate's performance to be quite bleak, because the company has been shrinking its earnings faster than the industry.

Earnings growth is a huge factor in stock valuation. What investors need to determine next is if the expected earnings growth, or the lack of it, is already built into the share price. By doing so, they will have an idea if the stock is headed into clear blue waters or if swampy waters await. If you're wondering about Saudi Real Estate's's valuation, check out this gauge of its price-to-earnings ratio, as compared to its industry.

## Is Saudi Real Estate Efficiently Re-investing Its Profits?

Saudi Real Estate doesn't pay any dividend, meaning that the company is keeping all of its profits, which makes us wonder why it is retaining its earnings if it can't use them to grow its business. It looks like there might be some other reasons to explain the lack in that respect. For example, the business could be in decline.

## Conclusion

In total, we're a bit ambivalent about Saudi Real Estate's performance. Even though it appears to be retaining most of its profits, given the low ROE, investors may not be benefitting from all that reinvestment after all. The low earnings growth suggests our theory correct. Wrapping up, we would proceed with caution with this company and one way of doing that would be to look at the risk profile of the business. Our risks dashboard would have the 2 risks we have identified for Saudi Real Estate.

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