Is AB S.A.'s (WSE:ABE) Recent Stock Performance Influenced By Its Fundamentals In Any Way?

By
Simply Wall St
Published
June 06, 2021
WSE:ABE
Source: Shutterstock

Most readers would already be aware that AB's (WSE:ABE) stock increased significantly by 30% over the past three months. As most would know, fundamentals are what usually guide market price movements over the long-term, so we decided to look at the company's key financial indicators today to determine if they have any role to play in the recent price movement. Specifically, we decided to study AB's ROE in this article.

Return on equity or ROE is an important factor to be considered by a shareholder because it tells them how effectively their capital is being reinvested. In short, ROE shows the profit each dollar generates with respect to its shareholder investments.

View our latest analysis for AB

How To Calculate Return On Equity?

Return on equity can be calculated by using the formula:

Return on Equity = Net Profit (from continuing operations) ÷ Shareholders' Equity

So, based on the above formula, the ROE for AB is:

12% = zł113m ÷ zł956m (Based on the trailing twelve months to March 2021).

The 'return' is the yearly profit. That means that for every PLN1 worth of shareholders' equity, the company generated PLN0.12 in profit.

What Has ROE Got To Do With Earnings Growth?

So far, we've learned that ROE is a measure of a company's profitability. Based on how much of its profits the company chooses to reinvest or "retain", we are then able to evaluate a company's future ability to generate profits. Assuming everything else remains unchanged, the higher the ROE and profit retention, the higher the growth rate of a company compared to companies that don't necessarily bear these characteristics.

AB's Earnings Growth And 12% ROE

At first glance, AB seems to have a decent ROE. Yet, the fact that the company's ROE is lower than the industry average of 18% does temper our expectations. Although, we can see that AB saw a modest net income growth of 5.5% over the past five years. We reckon that there could be other factors at play here. For instance, the company has a low payout ratio or is being managed efficiently. However, not to forget, the company does have a decent ROE to begin with, just that it is lower than the industry average. So this also provides some context to the earnings growth seen by the company.

As a next step, we compared AB's net income growth with the industry and were disappointed to see that the company's growth is lower than the industry average growth of 8.3% in the same period.

past-earnings-growth
WSE:ABE Past Earnings Growth June 7th 2021

Earnings growth is an important metric to consider when valuing a stock. It’s important for an investor to know whether the market has priced in the company's expected earnings growth (or decline). This then helps them determine if the stock is placed for a bright or bleak future. Is AB fairly valued compared to other companies? These 3 valuation measures might help you decide.

Is AB Efficiently Re-investing Its Profits?

AB has a low three-year median payout ratio of 8.4%, meaning that the company retains the remaining 92% of its profits. This suggests that the management is reinvesting most of the profits to grow the business.

Additionally, AB has paid dividends over a period of at least ten years which means that the company is pretty serious about sharing its profits with shareholders. Our latest analyst data shows that the future payout ratio of the company is expected to rise to 13% over the next three years. Therefore, the expected rise in the payout ratio explains why the company's ROE is expected to decline to 6.0% over the same period.

Conclusion

Overall, we feel that AB certainly does have some positive factors to consider. Specifically, we like that the company is reinvesting a huge chunk of its profits at a respectable rate of return. This of course has caused the company to see a good amount of growth in its earnings. That being so, according to the latest industry analyst forecasts, the company's earnings are expected to shrink in the future. To know more about the latest analysts predictions for the company, check out this visualization of analyst forecasts for the company.

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