Estimating The Intrinsic Value Of Hercules Hoists Limited (NSE:HERCULES)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
May 12, 2022
NSEI:HERCULES
Source: Shutterstock

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Hercules Hoists Limited (NSE:HERCULES) as an investment opportunity by taking the forecast future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to today's value. This will be done using the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Believe it or not, it's not too difficult to follow, as you'll see from our example!

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for Hercules Hoists

Is Hercules Hoists fairly valued?

We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (₹, Millions) ₹221.1m ₹241.2m ₹261.5m ₹282.1m ₹303.4m ₹325.5m ₹348.7m ₹373.2m ₹399.0m ₹426.4m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ 10.12% Est @ 9.1% Est @ 8.39% Est @ 7.89% Est @ 7.54% Est @ 7.3% Est @ 7.13% Est @ 7.01% Est @ 6.93% Est @ 6.87%
Present Value (₹, Millions) Discounted @ 13% ₹196 ₹189 ₹181 ₹173 ₹165 ₹157 ₹149 ₹141 ₹133 ₹126

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = ₹1.6b

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (6.7%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 13%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = ₹426m× (1 + 6.7%) ÷ (13%– 6.7%) = ₹7.3b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= ₹7.3b÷ ( 1 + 13%)10= ₹2.2b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is ₹3.8b. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of ₹134, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

dcf
NSEI:HERCULES Discounted Cash Flow May 12th 2022

The assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Hercules Hoists as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 13%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.971. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Looking Ahead:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For Hercules Hoists, there are three relevant elements you should further research:

  1. Risks: As an example, we've found 2 warning signs for Hercules Hoists that you need to consider before investing here.
  2. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
  3. Other Environmentally-Friendly Companies: Concerned about the environment and think consumers will buy eco-friendly products more and more? Browse through our interactive list of companies that are thinking about a greener future to discover some stocks you may not have thought of!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Indian stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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