Stock Analysis

# Calculating The Intrinsic Value Of Lordos Hotels (Holdings) Public Limited (CSE:LHH)

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Lordos Hotels (Holdings) Public Limited (CSE:LHH) as an investment opportunity by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to today's value. One way to achieve this is by employing the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple!

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

View our latest analysis for Lordos Hotels (Holdings)

## What's The Estimated Valuation?

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. In the first stage we need to estimate the cash flows to the business over the next ten years. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

#### 10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 Levered FCF (â‚¬, Millions) â‚¬1.95m â‚¬2.15m â‚¬2.31m â‚¬2.44m â‚¬2.55m â‚¬2.63m â‚¬2.70m â‚¬2.76m â‚¬2.81m â‚¬2.86m Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ 14.26% Est @ 10.32% Est @ 7.57% Est @ 5.64% Est @ 4.29% Est @ 3.34% Est @ 2.68% Est @ 2.22% Est @ 1.90% Est @ 1.67% Present Value (â‚¬, Millions) Discounted @ 11% â‚¬1.8 â‚¬1.7 â‚¬1.7 â‚¬1.6 â‚¬1.5 â‚¬1.4 â‚¬1.3 â‚¬1.2 â‚¬1.1 â‚¬1.0

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = â‚¬14m

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 1.1%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 11%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2032 Ã— (1 + g) Ã· (r â€“ g) = â‚¬2.9mÃ— (1 + 1.1%) Ã· (11%â€“ 1.1%) = â‚¬29m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= â‚¬29mÃ· ( 1 + 11%)10= â‚¬10m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is â‚¬24m. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of â‚¬0.7, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

## Important Assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Lordos Hotels (Holdings) as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 11%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.129. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

## Looking Ahead:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. For Lordos Hotels (Holdings), we've put together three relevant factors you should assess:

1. Risks: Case in point, we've spotted 4 warning signs for Lordos Hotels (Holdings) you should be aware of, and 2 of them are potentially serious.
2. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
3. Other Environmentally-Friendly Companies: Concerned about the environment and think consumers will buy eco-friendly products more and more? Browse through our interactive list of companies that are thinking about a greener future to discover some stocks you may not have thought of!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Cypriot stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

### About CSE:LHH

#### Lordos Hotels (Holdings)

Operates hotels in Cyprus.

Solid track record with adequate balance sheet.