Stock Analysis

# Calculating The Fair Value Of FP Newspapers Inc. (CVE:FP)

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of FP Newspapers Inc. (CVE:FP) as an investment opportunity by projecting its future cash flows and then discounting them to today's value. This will be done using the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple!

We would caution that there are many ways of valuing a company and, like the DCF, each technique has advantages and disadvantages in certain scenarios. Anyone interested in learning a bit more about intrinsic value should have a read of the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for FP Newspapers

### Step by step through the calculation

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

#### 10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 Levered FCF (CA\$, Millions) CA\$167.3k CA\$234.0k CA\$300.4k CA\$361.4k CA\$414.6k CA\$459.2k CA\$495.9k CA\$525.9k CA\$550.7k CA\$571.4k Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ 56.31% Est @ 39.88% Est @ 28.38% Est @ 20.33% Est @ 14.7% Est @ 10.75% Est @ 7.99% Est @ 6.06% Est @ 4.71% Est @ 3.76% Present Value (CA\$, Millions) Discounted @ 5.2% CA\$0.2 CA\$0.2 CA\$0.3 CA\$0.3 CA\$0.3 CA\$0.3 CA\$0.3 CA\$0.3 CA\$0.3 CA\$0.3

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = CA\$2.0m

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (1.6%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 5.2%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 Ã— (1 + g) Ã· (r â€“ g) = CA\$571kÃ— (1 + 1.6%) Ã· (5.2%â€“ 1.6%) = CA\$16m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= CA\$16mÃ· ( 1 + 5.2%)10= CA\$9.5m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is CA\$11m. The last step is to then divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of CA\$1.4, the company appears about fair value at a 14% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

### Important assumptions

We would point out that the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate and of course the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at FP Newspapers as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 5.2%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.839. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Although the valuation of a company is important, it shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. For FP Newspapers, we've put together three essential aspects you should further research:

1. Risks: Case in point, we've spotted 3 warning signs for FP Newspapers you should be aware of, and 2 of them don't sit too well with us.
2. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
3. Other Top Analyst Picks: Interested to see what the analysts are thinking? Take a look at our interactive list of analysts' top stock picks to find out what they feel might have an attractive future outlook!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the TSXV every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

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This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.

#### FP Newspapers

FP Newspapers Inc. publishes, prints, and distributes daily and weekly newspapers, and specialty publications in Manitoba.

Flawless balance sheet slight.