A Look At The Intrinsic Value Of Timah Resources Limited (ASX:TML)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
January 13, 2021
ASX:TML
Source: Shutterstock

In this article we are going to estimate the intrinsic value of Timah Resources Limited (ASX:TML) by taking the forecast future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to today's value. We will use the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model on this occasion. Don't get put off by the jargon, the math behind it is actually quite straightforward.

We generally believe that a company's value is the present value of all of the cash it will generate in the future. However, a DCF is just one valuation metric among many, and it is not without flaws. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

Check out our latest analysis for Timah Resources

Step by step through the calculation

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030
Levered FCF (MYR, Millions) RM548.6k RM821.4k RM1.11m RM1.39m RM1.65m RM1.87m RM2.06m RM2.22m RM2.35m RM2.46m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ 70.16% Est @ 49.71% Est @ 35.4% Est @ 25.38% Est @ 18.37% Est @ 13.46% Est @ 10.03% Est @ 7.62% Est @ 5.94% Est @ 4.76%
Present Value (MYR, Millions) Discounted @ 9.9% RM0.5 RM0.7 RM0.8 RM1.0 RM1.0 RM1.1 RM1.1 RM1.0 RM1.0 RM1.0

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = RM9.0m

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 2.0%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 9.9%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2030 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = RM2.5m× (1 + 2.0%) ÷ (9.9%– 2.0%) = RM32m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= RM32m÷ ( 1 + 9.9%)10= RM12m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is RM21m. The last step is to then divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of AU$0.08, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. The assumptions in any calculation have a big impact on the valuation, so it is better to view this as a rough estimate, not precise down to the last cent.

dcf
ASX:TML Discounted Cash Flow January 14th 2021

The assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Timah Resources as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 9.9%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.133. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Next Steps:

Valuation is only one side of the coin in terms of building your investment thesis, and it ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For Timah Resources, we've put together three essential factors you should further research:

  1. Risks: We feel that you should assess the 6 warning signs for Timah Resources (2 can't be ignored!) we've flagged before making an investment in the company.
  2. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
  3. Other Environmentally-Friendly Companies: Concerned about the environment and think consumers will buy eco-friendly products more and more? Browse through our interactive list of companies that are thinking about a greener future to discover some stocks you may not have thought of!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Australian stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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