Estimating The Fair Value Of City Chic Collective Limited (ASX:CCX)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
March 21, 2022
ASX:CCX
Source: Shutterstock

Does the March share price for City Chic Collective Limited (ASX:CCX) reflect what it's really worth? Today, we will estimate the stock's intrinsic value by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to today's value. Our analysis will employ the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Believe it or not, it's not too difficult to follow, as you'll see from our example!

We generally believe that a company's value is the present value of all of the cash it will generate in the future. However, a DCF is just one valuation metric among many, and it is not without flaws. Anyone interested in learning a bit more about intrinsic value should have a read of the Simply Wall St analysis model.

Check out our latest analysis for City Chic Collective

The method

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. In the first stage we need to estimate the cash flows to the business over the next ten years. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (A$, Millions) -AU$60.8m AU$62.2m AU$53.3m AU$48.3m AU$45.4m AU$43.7m AU$42.8m AU$42.5m AU$42.4m AU$42.6m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x3 Analyst x4 Analyst x3 Est @ -9.36% Est @ -6.01% Est @ -3.67% Est @ -2.03% Est @ -0.88% Est @ -0.08% Est @ 0.49%
Present Value (A$, Millions) Discounted @ 6.6% -AU$57.1 AU$54.8 AU$44.0 AU$37.5 AU$33.0 AU$29.9 AU$27.5 AU$25.5 AU$23.9 AU$22.6

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = AU$241m

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 1.8%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 6.6%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = AU$43m× (1 + 1.8%) ÷ (6.6%– 1.8%) = AU$910m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= AU$910m÷ ( 1 + 6.6%)10= AU$482m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is AU$723m. The last step is to then divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of AU$3.4, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. The assumptions in any calculation have a big impact on the valuation, so it is better to view this as a rough estimate, not precise down to the last cent.

dcf
ASX:CCX Discounted Cash Flow March 21st 2022

The assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at City Chic Collective as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 6.6%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.125. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Next Steps:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For City Chic Collective, there are three further elements you should further research:

  1. Risks: As an example, we've found 2 warning signs for City Chic Collective (1 is significant!) that you need to consider before investing here.
  2. Future Earnings: How does CCX's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the ASX every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

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