An Intrinsic Calculation For Immersion Corporation (NASDAQ:IMMR) Suggests It's 43% Undervalued

By
Simply Wall St
Published
May 22, 2021
NasdaqGS:IMMR
Source: Shutterstock

In this article we are going to estimate the intrinsic value of Immersion Corporation (NASDAQ:IMMR) by projecting its future cash flows and then discounting them to today's value. Our analysis will employ the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Before you think you won't be able to understand it, just read on! It's actually much less complex than you'd imagine.

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. Anyone interested in learning a bit more about intrinsic value should have a read of the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for Immersion

The calculation

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030
Levered FCF ($, Millions) US$8.74m US$12.1m US$15.5m US$18.6m US$21.4m US$23.7m US$25.6m US$27.3m US$28.6m US$29.8m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ 54.75% Est @ 38.92% Est @ 27.84% Est @ 20.09% Est @ 14.66% Est @ 10.86% Est @ 8.2% Est @ 6.34% Est @ 5.03% Est @ 4.12%
Present Value ($, Millions) Discounted @ 7.1% US$8.2 US$10.6 US$12.6 US$14.1 US$15.1 US$15.7 US$15.8 US$15.7 US$15.4 US$15.0

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = US$138m

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 2.0%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 7.1%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2030 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = US$30m× (1 + 2.0%) ÷ (7.1%– 2.0%) = US$590m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= US$590m÷ ( 1 + 7.1%)10= US$296m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is US$434m. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of US$8.0, the company appears quite undervalued at a 43% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
NasdaqGS:IMMR Discounted Cash Flow May 23rd 2021

The assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Immersion as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 7.1%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.091. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Moving On:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. Can we work out why the company is trading at a discount to intrinsic value? For Immersion, we've put together three further elements you should further examine:

  1. Risks: Every company has them, and we've spotted 3 warning signs for Immersion you should know about.
  2. Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for IMMR's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.
  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every American stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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