Texas Instruments Incorporated (NASDAQ:TXN) Is Employing Capital Very Effectively

Today we’ll look at Texas Instruments Incorporated (NASDAQ:TXN) and reflect on its potential as an investment. Specifically, we’ll consider its Return On Capital Employed (ROCE), since that will give us an insight into how efficiently the business can generate profits from the capital it requires.

First up, we’ll look at what ROCE is and how we calculate it. Then we’ll compare its ROCE to similar companies. Last but not least, we’ll look at what impact its current liabilities have on its ROCE.

Return On Capital Employed (ROCE): What is it?

ROCE is a metric for evaluating how much pre-tax income (in percentage terms) a company earns on the capital invested in its business. In general, businesses with a higher ROCE are usually better quality. Ultimately, it is a useful but imperfect metric. Renowned investment researcher Michael Mauboussin has suggested that a high ROCE can indicate that ‘one dollar invested in the company generates value of more than one dollar’.

How Do You Calculate Return On Capital Employed?

Analysts use this formula to calculate return on capital employed:

Return on Capital Employed = Earnings Before Interest and Tax (EBIT) ÷ (Total Assets – Current Liabilities)

Or for Texas Instruments:

0.37 = US$5.9b ÷ (US$18b – US$2.0b) (Based on the trailing twelve months to September 2019.)

So, Texas Instruments has an ROCE of 37%.

Check out our latest analysis for Texas Instruments

Does Texas Instruments Have A Good ROCE?

One way to assess ROCE is to compare similar companies. Texas Instruments’s ROCE appears to be substantially greater than the 9.9% average in the Semiconductor industry. We would consider this a positive, as it suggests it is using capital more effectively than other similar companies. Putting aside its position relative to its industry for now, in absolute terms, Texas Instruments’s ROCE is currently very good.

You can see in the image below how Texas Instruments’s ROCE compares to its industry. Click to see more on past growth.

NasdaqGS:TXN Past Revenue and Net Income, January 22nd 2020
NasdaqGS:TXN Past Revenue and Net Income, January 22nd 2020

Remember that this metric is backwards looking – it shows what has happened in the past, and does not accurately predict the future. ROCE can be misleading for companies in cyclical industries, with returns looking impressive during the boom times, but very weak during the busts. This is because ROCE only looks at one year, instead of considering returns across a whole cycle. Since the future is so important for investors, you should check out our free report on analyst forecasts for Texas Instruments.

How Texas Instruments’s Current Liabilities Impact Its ROCE

Current liabilities are short term bills and invoices that need to be paid in 12 months or less. The ROCE equation subtracts current liabilities from capital employed, so a company with a lot of current liabilities appears to have less capital employed, and a higher ROCE than otherwise. To check the impact of this, we calculate if a company has high current liabilities relative to its total assets.

Texas Instruments has total liabilities of US$2.0b and total assets of US$18b. As a result, its current liabilities are equal to approximately 11% of its total assets. A minimal amount of current liabilities limits the impact on ROCE.

Our Take On Texas Instruments’s ROCE

This is good to see, and with such a high ROCE, Texas Instruments may be worth a closer look. Texas Instruments shapes up well under this analysis, but it is far from the only business delivering excellent numbers . You might also want to check this free collection of companies delivering excellent earnings growth.

If you are like me, then you will not want to miss this free list of growing companies that insiders are buying.

If you spot an error that warrants correction, please contact the editor at editorial-team@simplywallst.com. This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. Simply Wall St has no position in the stocks mentioned.

We aim to bring you long-term focused research analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Thank you for reading.