Estimating The Intrinsic Value Of Sanok Rubber Company Spólka Akcyjna (WSE:SNK)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
February 25, 2022
WSE:SNK
Source: Shutterstock

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Sanok Rubber Company Spólka Akcyjna (WSE:SNK) as an investment opportunity by projecting its future cash flows and then discounting them to today's value. The Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model is the tool we will apply to do this. There's really not all that much to it, even though it might appear quite complex.

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

View our latest analysis for Sanok Rubber Company Spólka Akcyjna

The model

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (PLN, Millions) zł31.0m zł29.0m zł32.0m zł35.0m zł36.4m zł37.7m zł38.9m zł40.1m zł41.3m zł42.4m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x1 Analyst x1 Analyst x1 Analyst x1 Est @ 4.05% Est @ 3.57% Est @ 3.24% Est @ 3.01% Est @ 2.85% Est @ 2.74%
Present Value (PLN, Millions) Discounted @ 12% zł27.7 zł23.2 zł22.9 zł22.3 zł20.8 zł19.2 zł17.8 zł16.3 zł15.0 zł13.8

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = zł199m

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 2.5%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 12%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = zł42m× (1 + 2.5%) ÷ (12%– 2.5%) = zł462m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= zł462m÷ ( 1 + 12%)10= zł150m

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is zł349m. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of zł14.0, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
WSE:SNK Discounted Cash Flow February 25th 2022

Important assumptions

We would point out that the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate and of course the actual cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Sanok Rubber Company Spólka Akcyjna as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 12%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.852. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Moving On:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. For Sanok Rubber Company Spólka Akcyjna, we've compiled three fundamental factors you should assess:

  1. Risks: You should be aware of the 4 warning signs for Sanok Rubber Company Spólka Akcyjna we've uncovered before considering an investment in the company.
  2. Future Earnings: How does SNK's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the WSE every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

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