Estimating The Intrinsic Value Of Citra Nusa Holdings Berhad (KLSE:CNH)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
December 15, 2021
KLSE:CNH
Source: Shutterstock

Today we will run through one way of estimating the intrinsic value of Citra Nusa Holdings Berhad (KLSE:CNH) by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to today's value. We will take advantage of the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model for this purpose. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple!

We would caution that there are many ways of valuing a company and, like the DCF, each technique has advantages and disadvantages in certain scenarios. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

View our latest analysis for Citra Nusa Holdings Berhad

The calculation

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (MYR, Millions) RM2.92m RM2.80m RM2.75m RM2.74m RM2.77m RM2.81m RM2.88m RM2.96m RM3.04m RM3.14m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ -7.51% Est @ -4.18% Est @ -1.85% Est @ -0.22% Est @ 0.93% Est @ 1.73% Est @ 2.28% Est @ 2.68% Est @ 2.95% Est @ 3.14%
Present Value (MYR, Millions) Discounted @ 9.3% RM2.7 RM2.3 RM2.1 RM1.9 RM1.8 RM1.7 RM1.5 RM1.5 RM1.4 RM1.3

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = RM18m

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (3.6%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 9.3%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = RM3.1m× (1 + 3.6%) ÷ (9.3%– 3.6%) = RM57m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= RM57m÷ ( 1 + 9.3%)10= RM24m

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is RM42m. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of RM0.07, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

dcf
KLSE:CNH Discounted Cash Flow December 15th 2021

Important assumptions

We would point out that the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate and of course the actual cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Citra Nusa Holdings Berhad as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 9.3%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.055. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Looking Ahead:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" For instance, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can dramatically alter the overall result. For Citra Nusa Holdings Berhad, we've put together three important factors you should explore:

  1. Risks: Be aware that Citra Nusa Holdings Berhad is showing 2 warning signs in our investment analysis , you should know about...
  2. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
  3. Other Environmentally-Friendly Companies: Concerned about the environment and think consumers will buy eco-friendly products more and more? Browse through our interactive list of companies that are thinking about a greener future to discover some stocks you may not have thought of!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Malaysian stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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