A Look At The Intrinsic Value Of Puravankara Limited (NSE:PURVA)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
September 02, 2021
NSEI:PURVA
Source: Shutterstock

How far off is Puravankara Limited (NSE:PURVA) from its intrinsic value? Using the most recent financial data, we'll take a look at whether the stock is fairly priced by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to today's value. One way to achieve this is by employing the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Before you think you won't be able to understand it, just read on! It's actually much less complex than you'd imagine.

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for Puravankara

Crunching the numbers

We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (₹, Millions) ₹2.62b ₹2.90b ₹3.18b ₹3.45b ₹3.74b ₹4.03b ₹4.33b ₹4.64b ₹4.97b ₹5.33b
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ 12.27% Est @ 10.64% Est @ 9.5% Est @ 8.7% Est @ 8.14% Est @ 7.75% Est @ 7.48% Est @ 7.29% Est @ 7.15% Est @ 7.06%
Present Value (₹, Millions) Discounted @ 18% ₹2.2k ₹2.1k ₹1.9k ₹1.8k ₹1.6k ₹1.5k ₹1.4k ₹1.2k ₹1.1k ₹1.0k

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = ₹16b

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (6.8%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 18%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = ₹5.3b× (1 + 6.8%) ÷ (18%– 6.8%) = ₹52b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= ₹52b÷ ( 1 + 18%)10= ₹10.0b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is ₹26b. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of ₹107, the company appears about fair value at a 2.0% discount to where the stock price trades currently. The assumptions in any calculation have a big impact on the valuation, so it is better to view this as a rough estimate, not precise down to the last cent.

dcf
NSEI:PURVA Discounted Cash Flow September 3rd 2021

Important assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Puravankara as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 18%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.610. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Moving On:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. For Puravankara, we've compiled three additional elements you should further examine:

  1. Risks: Consider for instance, the ever-present spectre of investment risk. We've identified 3 warning signs with Puravankara (at least 2 which shouldn't be ignored) , and understanding these should be part of your investment process.
  2. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!
  3. Other Top Analyst Picks: Interested to see what the analysts are thinking? Take a look at our interactive list of analysts' top stock picks to find out what they feel might have an attractive future outlook!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Indian stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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