An Intrinsic Calculation For Avanti Feeds Limited (NSE:AVANTIFEED) Suggests It's 38% Undervalued

By
Simply Wall St
Published
November 18, 2021
NSEI:AVANTIFEED
Source: Shutterstock

In this article we are going to estimate the intrinsic value of Avanti Feeds Limited (NSE:AVANTIFEED) by estimating the company's future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. Our analysis will employ the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Models like these may appear beyond the comprehension of a lay person, but they're fairly easy to follow.

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. For those who are keen learners of equity analysis, the Simply Wall St analysis model here may be something of interest to you.

See our latest analysis for Avanti Feeds

The method

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (₹, Millions) ₹2.04b ₹3.54b ₹2.80b ₹5.55b ₹6.76b ₹7.92b ₹9.03b ₹10.1b ₹11.1b ₹12.2b
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x3 Analyst x3 Analyst x2 Analyst x1 Est @ 21.69% Est @ 17.2% Est @ 14.06% Est @ 11.87% Est @ 10.33% Est @ 9.25%
Present Value (₹, Millions) Discounted @ 12% ₹1.8k ₹2.8k ₹2.0k ₹3.6k ₹3.9k ₹4.1k ₹4.2k ₹4.2k ₹4.1k ₹4.0k

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = ₹35b

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (6.7%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 12%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = ₹12b× (1 + 6.7%) ÷ (12%– 6.7%) = ₹261b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= ₹261b÷ ( 1 + 12%)10= ₹86b

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is ₹121b. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of ₹547, the company appears quite good value at a 38% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
NSEI:AVANTIFEED Discounted Cash Flow November 19th 2021

The assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Avanti Feeds as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 12%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.800. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Moving On:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. What is the reason for the share price sitting below the intrinsic value? For Avanti Feeds, we've put together three important aspects you should explore:

  1. Risks: Case in point, we've spotted 3 warning signs for Avanti Feeds you should be aware of, and 1 of them makes us a bit uncomfortable.
  2. Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for AVANTIFEED's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.
  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the NSEI every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

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