Calculating The Intrinsic Value Of R M Drip and Sprinklers Systems Limited (NSE:RMDRIP)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
September 13, 2021
NSEI:RMDRIP
Source: Shutterstock

Today we will run through one way of estimating the intrinsic value of R M Drip and Sprinklers Systems Limited (NSE:RMDRIP) by estimating the company's future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. Our analysis will employ the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Believe it or not, it's not too difficult to follow, as you'll see from our example!

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for R M Drip and Sprinklers Systems

Step by step through the calculation

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (₹, Millions) ₹12.8m ₹14.3m ₹15.7m ₹17.1m ₹18.6m ₹20.0m ₹21.5m ₹23.1m ₹24.8m ₹26.5m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ 13.16% Est @ 11.26% Est @ 9.94% Est @ 9.01% Est @ 8.36% Est @ 7.9% Est @ 7.58% Est @ 7.36% Est @ 7.2% Est @ 7.09%
Present Value (₹, Millions) Discounted @ 16% ₹11.0 ₹10.6 ₹10.0 ₹9.4 ₹8.8 ₹8.1 ₹7.5 ₹7.0 ₹6.4 ₹5.9

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = ₹84m

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 6.8%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 16%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = ₹27m× (1 + 6.8%) ÷ (16%– 6.8%) = ₹303m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= ₹303m÷ ( 1 + 16%)10= ₹68m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is ₹152m. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of ₹20.1, the company appears about fair value at a 11% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

dcf
NSEI:RMDRIP Discounted Cash Flow September 14th 2021

Important assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at R M Drip and Sprinklers Systems as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 16%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.366. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Moving On:

Valuation is only one side of the coin in terms of building your investment thesis, and it ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For R M Drip and Sprinklers Systems, we've put together three further elements you should explore:

  1. Risks: For example, we've discovered 5 warning signs for R M Drip and Sprinklers Systems (3 can't be ignored!) that you should be aware of before investing here.
  2. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
  3. Other Environmentally-Friendly Companies: Concerned about the environment and think consumers will buy eco-friendly products more and more? Browse through our interactive list of companies that are thinking about a greener future to discover some stocks you may not have thought of!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Indian stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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