Stock Analysis

An Intrinsic Calculation For Giordano International Limited (HKG:709) Suggests It's 31% Undervalued

SEHK:709
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Today we will run through one way of estimating the intrinsic value of Giordano International Limited (HKG:709) by taking the forecast future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to today's value. We will take advantage of the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model for this purpose. Before you think you won't be able to understand it, just read on! It's actually much less complex than you'd imagine.

We would caution that there are many ways of valuing a company and, like the DCF, each technique has advantages and disadvantages in certain scenarios. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for Giordano International

The calculation

We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second 'steady growth' period. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (HK$, Millions) HK$377.0m HK$265.0m HK$301.0m HK$273.2m HK$256.7m HK$247.1m HK$241.6m HK$239.0m HK$238.2m HK$238.7m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x1 Analyst x1 Analyst x1 Est @ -9.24% Est @ -6.02% Est @ -3.77% Est @ -2.2% Est @ -1.09% Est @ -0.32% Est @ 0.22%
Present Value (HK$, Millions) Discounted @ 6.8% HK$353 HK$232 HK$247 HK$210 HK$185 HK$166 HK$152 HK$141 HK$132 HK$123

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = HK$1.9b

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 1.5%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 6.8%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = HK$239m× (1 + 1.5%) ÷ (6.8%– 1.5%) = HK$4.5b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= HK$4.5b÷ ( 1 + 6.8%)10= HK$2.3b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is HK$4.3b. The last step is to then divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of HK$1.9, the company appears quite undervalued at a 31% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
SEHK:709 Discounted Cash Flow June 24th 2022

The assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Giordano International as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 6.8%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.103. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Moving On:

Valuation is only one side of the coin in terms of building your investment thesis, and it ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. Why is the intrinsic value higher than the current share price? For Giordano International, we've put together three fundamental elements you should assess:

  1. Risks: To that end, you should be aware of the 1 warning sign we've spotted with Giordano International .
  2. Future Earnings: How does 709's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the SEHK every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

Valuation is complex, but we're helping make it simple.

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This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

About SEHK:709

Giordano International

An investment holding company, engages in the retail and distribution of men’s, women’s, and children’s fashion apparel and accessories in Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Southeast Asia and Australia, Gulf Cooperation Council, and internationally.

Flawless balance sheet with solid track record.