Stock Analysis

# An Intrinsic Calculation For China Resources Sanjiu Medical & Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (SZSE:000999) Suggests It's 50% Undervalued

### Key Insights

In this article we are going to estimate the intrinsic value of China Resources Sanjiu Medical & Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (SZSE:000999) by estimating the company's future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. We will take advantage of the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model for this purpose. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple!

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for China Resources Sanjiu Medical & Pharmaceutical

## What's The Estimated Valuation?

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:

#### 10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 Levered FCF (CN¥, Millions) CN¥4.12b CN¥4.06b CN¥4.54b CN¥4.68b CN¥5.32b CN¥5.68b CN¥6.00b CN¥6.28b CN¥6.55b CN¥6.80b Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x2 Analyst x2 Analyst x2 Analyst x1 Analyst x1 Est @ 6.75% Est @ 5.61% Est @ 4.81% Est @ 4.25% Est @ 3.85% Present Value (CN¥, Millions) Discounted @ 7.4% CN¥3.8k CN¥3.5k CN¥3.7k CN¥3.5k CN¥3.7k CN¥3.7k CN¥3.6k CN¥3.5k CN¥3.4k CN¥3.3k

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = CN¥36b

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (2.9%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 7.4%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2033 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = CN¥6.8b× (1 + 2.9%) ÷ (7.4%– 2.9%) = CN¥155b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= CN¥155b÷ ( 1 + 7.4%)10= CN¥76b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is CN¥112b. The last step is to then divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of CN¥56.5, the company appears quite good value at a 50% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

## Important Assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at China Resources Sanjiu Medical & Pharmaceutical as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 7.4%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.800. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

### SWOT Analysis for China Resources Sanjiu Medical & Pharmaceutical

Strength
• Earnings growth over the past year exceeded the industry.
• Debt is not viewed as a risk.
• Dividends are covered by earnings and cash flows.
• Dividend is in the top 25% of dividend payers in the market.
Weakness
• No major weaknesses identified for 000999.
Opportunity
• Annual earnings are forecast to grow for the next 3 years.
• Good value based on P/E ratio and estimated fair value.
Threat
• Annual earnings are forecast to grow slower than the Chinese market.

## Moving On:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. Can we work out why the company is trading at a discount to intrinsic value? For China Resources Sanjiu Medical & Pharmaceutical, there are three additional elements you should consider:

1. Risks: For example, we've discovered 1 warning sign for China Resources Sanjiu Medical & Pharmaceutical that you should be aware of before investing here.
2. Future Earnings: How does 000999's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Chinese stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.