Stock Analysis

# Are Strong Financial Prospects The Force That Is Driving The Momentum In CSN Mineração S.A.'s BVMF:CMIN3) Stock?

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Most readers would already be aware that CSN Mineração's (BVMF:CMIN3) stock increased significantly by 17% over the past three months. Since the market usually pay for a company’s long-term fundamentals, we decided to study the company’s key performance indicators to see if they could be influencing the market. In this article, we decided to focus on CSN Mineração's ROE.

Return on Equity or ROE is a test of how effectively a company is growing its value and managing investors’ money. In simpler terms, it measures the profitability of a company in relation to shareholder's equity.

View our latest analysis for CSN Mineração

## How Do You Calculate Return On Equity?

The formula for return on equity is:

Return on Equity = Net Profit (from continuing operations) ÷ Shareholders' Equity

So, based on the above formula, the ROE for CSN Mineração is:

26% = R\$3.0b ÷ R\$11b (Based on the trailing twelve months to December 2022).

The 'return' refers to a company's earnings over the last year. Another way to think of that is that for every R\$1 worth of equity, the company was able to earn R\$0.26 in profit.

## Why Is ROE Important For Earnings Growth?

Thus far, we have learned that ROE measures how efficiently a company is generating its profits. Based on how much of its profits the company chooses to reinvest or "retain", we are then able to evaluate a company's future ability to generate profits. Generally speaking, other things being equal, firms with a high return on equity and profit retention, have a higher growth rate than firms that don’t share these attributes.

## CSN Mineração's Earnings Growth And 26% ROE

At first glance, CSN Mineração seems to have a decent ROE. Further, the company's ROE compares quite favorably to the industry average of 21%. This certainly adds some context to CSN Mineração's decent 16% net income growth seen over the past five years.

Next, on comparing with the industry net income growth, we found that CSN Mineração's reported growth was lower than the industry growth of 39% in the same period, which is not something we like to see.

Earnings growth is an important metric to consider when valuing a stock. The investor should try to establish if the expected growth or decline in earnings, whichever the case may be, is priced in. This then helps them determine if the stock is placed for a bright or bleak future. If you're wondering about CSN Mineração's's valuation, check out this gauge of its price-to-earnings ratio, as compared to its industry.

## Is CSN Mineração Making Efficient Use Of Its Profits?

CSN Mineração has a three-year median payout ratio of 45%, which implies that it retains the remaining 55% of its profits. This suggests that its dividend is well covered, and given the decent growth seen by the company, it looks like management is reinvesting its earnings efficiently.

While CSN Mineração has been growing its earnings, it only recently started to pay dividends which likely means that the company decided to impress new and existing shareholders with a dividend. Upon studying the latest analysts' consensus data, we found that the company's future payout ratio is expected to rise to 72% over the next three years. Accordingly, the expected increase in the payout ratio explains the expected decline in the company's ROE to 16%, over the same period.

## Summary

In total, we are pretty happy with CSN Mineração's performance. Particularly, we like that the company is reinvesting heavily into its business, and at a high rate of return. As a result, the decent growth in its earnings is not surprising. With that said, on studying the latest analyst forecasts, we found that while the company has seen growth in its past earnings, analysts expect its future earnings to shrink. To know more about the latest analysts predictions for the company, check out this visualization of analyst forecasts for the company.

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