Stock Analysis

Is Qorvo (NASDAQ:QRVO) Using Too Much Debt?

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NasdaqGS:QRVO
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Howard Marks put it nicely when he said that, rather than worrying about share price volatility, 'The possibility of permanent loss is the risk I worry about... and every practical investor I know worries about.' So it might be obvious that you need to consider debt, when you think about how risky any given stock is, because too much debt can sink a company. We can see that Qorvo, Inc. (NASDAQ:QRVO) does use debt in its business. But is this debt a concern to shareholders?

Why Does Debt Bring Risk?

Debt is a tool to help businesses grow, but if a business is incapable of paying off its lenders, then it exists at their mercy. Ultimately, if the company can't fulfill its legal obligations to repay debt, shareholders could walk away with nothing. However, a more usual (but still expensive) situation is where a company must dilute shareholders at a cheap share price simply to get debt under control. Of course, debt can be an important tool in businesses, particularly capital heavy businesses. The first step when considering a company's debt levels is to consider its cash and debt together.

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What Is Qorvo's Debt?

You can click the graphic below for the historical numbers, but it shows that as of July 2022 Qorvo had US$2.05b of debt, an increase on US$1.74b, over one year. However, because it has a cash reserve of US$858.8m, its net debt is less, at about US$1.19b.

debt-equity-history-analysis
NasdaqGS:QRVO Debt to Equity History September 28th 2022

How Strong Is Qorvo's Balance Sheet?

We can see from the most recent balance sheet that Qorvo had liabilities of US$718.5m falling due within a year, and liabilities of US$2.31b due beyond that. Offsetting these obligations, it had cash of US$858.8m as well as receivables valued at US$556.1m due within 12 months. So its liabilities total US$1.62b more than the combination of its cash and short-term receivables.

Given Qorvo has a market capitalization of US$8.49b, it's hard to believe these liabilities pose much threat. Having said that, it's clear that we should continue to monitor its balance sheet, lest it change for the worse.

We measure a company's debt load relative to its earnings power by looking at its net debt divided by its earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) and by calculating how easily its earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) cover its interest expense (interest cover). The advantage of this approach is that we take into account both the absolute quantum of debt (with net debt to EBITDA) and the actual interest expenses associated with that debt (with its interest cover ratio).

Qorvo has a low net debt to EBITDA ratio of only 0.81. And its EBIT easily covers its interest expense, being 16.9 times the size. So we're pretty relaxed about its super-conservative use of debt. On the other hand, Qorvo saw its EBIT drop by 2.8% in the last twelve months. If earnings continue to decline at that rate the company may have increasing difficulty managing its debt load. When analysing debt levels, the balance sheet is the obvious place to start. But it is future earnings, more than anything, that will determine Qorvo's ability to maintain a healthy balance sheet going forward. So if you're focused on the future you can check out this free report showing analyst profit forecasts.

Finally, a business needs free cash flow to pay off debt; accounting profits just don't cut it. So the logical step is to look at the proportion of that EBIT that is matched by actual free cash flow. Over the last three years, Qorvo recorded free cash flow worth a fulsome 100% of its EBIT, which is stronger than we'd usually expect. That positions it well to pay down debt if desirable to do so.

Our View

Qorvo's interest cover suggests it can handle its debt as easily as Cristiano Ronaldo could score a goal against an under 14's goalkeeper. But truth be told we feel its EBIT growth rate does undermine this impression a bit. When we consider the range of factors above, it looks like Qorvo is pretty sensible with its use of debt. That means they are taking on a bit more risk, in the hope of boosting shareholder returns. The balance sheet is clearly the area to focus on when you are analysing debt. However, not all investment risk resides within the balance sheet - far from it. For example, we've discovered 1 warning sign for Qorvo that you should be aware of before investing here.

Of course, if you're the type of investor who prefers buying stocks without the burden of debt, then don't hesitate to discover our exclusive list of net cash growth stocks, today.

Valuation is complex, but we're helping make it simple.

Find out whether Qorvo is potentially over or undervalued by checking out our comprehensive analysis, which includes fair value estimates, risks and warnings, dividends, insider transactions and financial health.

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About NasdaqGS:QRVO

Qorvo

Qorvo, Inc. develops and commercializes technologies and products for wireless, wired, and power markets worldwide.

The Snowflake is a visual investment summary with the score of each axis being calculated by 6 checks in 5 areas.

Analysis AreaScore (0-6)
Valuation5
Future Growth5
Past Performance2
Financial Health5
Dividends0

Read more about these checks in the individual report sections or in our analysis model.

Undervalued with high growth potential.