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# Here’s How P/E Ratios Can Help Us Understand Excelpoint Technology Ltd. (SGX:BDF)

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Today, we’ll introduce the concept of the P/E ratio for those who are learning about investing. We’ll apply a basic P/E ratio analysis to Excelpoint Technology Ltd.’s (SGX:BDF), to help you decide if the stock is worth further research. Looking at earnings over the last twelve months, Excelpoint Technology has a P/E ratio of 5.74. That is equivalent to an earnings yield of about 17%.

### How Do I Calculate A Price To Earnings Ratio?

The formula for P/E is:

Price to Earnings Ratio = Share Price (in reporting currency) ÷ Earnings per Share (EPS)

Or for Excelpoint Technology:

P/E of 5.74 = \$0.37 (Note: this is the share price in the reporting currency, namely, USD ) ÷ \$0.064 (Based on the trailing twelve months to March 2019.)

### Is A High Price-to-Earnings Ratio Good?

A higher P/E ratio means that buyers have to pay a higher price for each SGD1 the company has earned over the last year. That isn’t necessarily good or bad, but a high P/E implies relatively high expectations of what a company can achieve in the future.

### How Growth Rates Impact P/E Ratios

P/E ratios primarily reflect market expectations around earnings growth rates. Earnings growth means that in the future the ‘E’ will be higher. That means unless the share price increases, the P/E will reduce in a few years. And as that P/E ratio drops, the company will look cheap, unless its share price increases.

Excelpoint Technology shrunk earnings per share by 7.2% last year. But it has grown its earnings per share by 1.3% per year over the last five years.

### How Does Excelpoint Technology’s P/E Ratio Compare To Its Peers?

The P/E ratio indicates whether the market has higher or lower expectations of a company. We can see in the image below that the average P/E (11.6) for companies in the electronic industry is higher than Excelpoint Technology’s P/E.

Excelpoint Technology’s P/E tells us that market participants think it will not fare as well as its peers in the same industry. Since the market seems unimpressed with Excelpoint Technology, it’s quite possible it could surprise on the upside. It is arguably worth checking if insiders are buying shares, because that might imply they believe the stock is undervalued.

### Don’t Forget: The P/E Does Not Account For Debt or Bank Deposits

The ‘Price’ in P/E reflects the market capitalization of the company. In other words, it does not consider any debt or cash that the company may have on the balance sheet. In theory, a company can lower its future P/E ratio by using cash or debt to invest in growth.

While growth expenditure doesn’t always pay off, the point is that it is a good option to have; but one that the P/E ratio ignores.

### How Does Excelpoint Technology’s Debt Impact Its P/E Ratio?

Net debt totals a substantial 265% of Excelpoint Technology’s market cap. If you want to compare its P/E ratio to other companies, you must keep in mind that these debt levels would usually warrant a relatively low P/E.

### The Bottom Line On Excelpoint Technology’s P/E Ratio

Excelpoint Technology trades on a P/E ratio of 5.7, which is below the SG market average of 12.6. The P/E reflects market pessimism that probably arises from the lack of recent EPS growth, paired with significant leverage.

Investors have an opportunity when market expectations about a stock are wrong. As value investor Benjamin Graham famously said, ‘In the short run, the market is a voting machine but in the long run, it is a weighing machine.’ Although we don’t have analyst forecasts, you might want to assess this data-rich visualization of earnings, revenue and cash flow.

But note: Excelpoint Technology may not be the best stock to buy. So take a peek at this free list of interesting companies with strong recent earnings growth (and a P/E ratio below 20).

We aim to bring you long-term focused research analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material.

If you spot an error that warrants correction, please contact the editor at editorial-team@simplywallst.com. This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. Simply Wall St has no position in the stocks mentioned. Thank you for reading.