Is Yangzijiang Shipbuilding (Holdings) Ltd. (SGX:BS6) Trading At A 36% Discount?

Today we’ll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Yangzijiang Shipbuilding (Holdings) Ltd. (SGX:BS6) as an investment opportunity by projecting its future cash flows and then discounting them to today’s value. I will use the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple!

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company’s value, and a DCF is just one method. Anyone interested in learning a bit more about intrinsic value should have a read of the Simply Wall St analysis model.

Want to participate in a short research study? Help shape the future of investing tools and you could win a $250 gift card!

View our latest analysis for Yangzijiang Shipbuilding (Holdings)

What’s the estimated valuation?

We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second ‘steady growth’ period. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren’t available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028
Levered FCF (CN¥, Millions) CN¥2.02k CN¥2.77k CN¥2.99k CN¥3.18k CN¥3.34k CN¥3.48k CN¥3.60k CN¥3.72k CN¥3.83k CN¥3.94k
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x2 Analyst x4 Analyst x3 Est @ 6.2% Est @ 5.03% Est @ 4.21% Est @ 3.64% Est @ 3.24% Est @ 2.96% Est @ 2.76%
Present Value (CN¥, Millions) Discounted @ 8.98% CN¥1.85k CN¥2.33k CN¥2.31k CN¥2.25k CN¥2.17k CN¥2.08k CN¥1.97k CN¥1.87k CN¥1.77k CN¥1.67k

Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF)= CN¥20.27b

“Est” = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business’s cash flow after the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 10-year government bond rate of 2.3%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today’s value at a cost of equity of 9%.

Terminal Value (TV) = FCF2029 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = CN¥3.9b × (1 + 2.3%) ÷ (9% – 2.3%) = CN¥60b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV) = TV / (1 + r)10 = CN¥CN¥60b ÷ ( 1 + 9%)10 = CN¥25.52b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is CN¥45.79b. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. This results in an intrinsic value estimate in the company’s reported currency of CN¥11.6. However, BS6’s primary listing is in China, and 1 share of BS6 in CNY represents 0.199 ( CNY/ SGD) share of SGX:BS6, so the intrinsic value per share in SGD is SGD2.31. Compared to the current share price of SGD1.47, the company appears quite undervalued at a 36% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula – garbage in, garbage out.

SGX:BS6 Intrinsic value, May 20th 2019
SGX:BS6 Intrinsic value, May 20th 2019

Important assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company’s future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company’s future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company’s potential performance. Given that we are looking at Yangzijiang Shipbuilding (Holdings) as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we’ve used 9%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.121. Beta is a measure of a stock’s volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Next Steps:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it shouldn’t be the only metric you look at when researching a company. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Rather it should be seen as a guide to “what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?” If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. What is the reason for the share price to differ from the intrinsic value? For Yangzijiang Shipbuilding (Holdings), There are three additional aspects you should look at:

  1. Financial Health: Does BS6 have a healthy balance sheet? Take a look at our free balance sheet analysis with six simple checks on key factors like leverage and risk.
  2. Future Earnings: How does BS6’s growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Are there other high quality stocks you could be holding instead of BS6? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every SG stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

We aim to bring you long-term focused research analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material.

If you spot an error that warrants correction, please contact the editor at editorial-team@simplywallst.com. This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. Simply Wall St has no position in the stocks mentioned. Thank you for reading.