Estimating The Fair Value Of Pricer AB (publ) (STO:PRIC B)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
May 24, 2021
OM:PRIC B
Source: Shutterstock

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Pricer AB (publ) (STO:PRIC B) as an investment opportunity by projecting its future cash flows and then discounting them to today's value. One way to achieve this is by employing the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple!

We would caution that there are many ways of valuing a company and, like the DCF, each technique has advantages and disadvantages in certain scenarios. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

Check out our latest analysis for Pricer

Is Pricer fairly valued?

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030
Levered FCF (SEK, Millions) -kr18.0m kr113.0m kr155.0m kr181.1m kr202.6m kr219.7m kr232.9m kr242.8m kr250.4m kr256.1m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x1 Analyst x1 Analyst x1 Est @ 16.84% Est @ 11.89% Est @ 8.42% Est @ 5.99% Est @ 4.29% Est @ 3.1% Est @ 2.27%
Present Value (SEK, Millions) Discounted @ 5.8% -kr17.0 kr101 kr131 kr145 kr153 kr157 kr157 kr155 kr151 kr146

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = kr1.3b

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 0.3%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 5.8%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2030 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = kr256m× (1 + 0.3%) ÷ (5.8%– 0.3%) = kr4.7b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= kr4.7b÷ ( 1 + 5.8%)10= kr2.7b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is kr4.0b. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of kr31.0, the company appears about fair value at a 13% discount to where the stock price trades currently. The assumptions in any calculation have a big impact on the valuation, so it is better to view this as a rough estimate, not precise down to the last cent.

dcf
OM:PRIC B Discounted Cash Flow May 25th 2021

The assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Pricer as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 5.8%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.153. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Moving On:

Valuation is only one side of the coin in terms of building your investment thesis, and it ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. For instance, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can dramatically alter the overall result. For Pricer, there are three further factors you should explore:

  1. Risks: To that end, you should be aware of the 1 warning sign we've spotted with Pricer .
  2. Future Earnings: How does PRIC B's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the OM every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

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