Stock Analysis

# Calculating The Intrinsic Value Of Public Joint Stock Company Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port (MCX:NMTP)

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Public Joint Stock Company Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port (MCX:NMTP) as an investment opportunity by projecting its future cash flows and then discounting them to today's value. Our analysis will employ the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Don't get put off by the jargon, the math behind it is actually quite straightforward.

We generally believe that a company's value is the present value of all of the cash it will generate in the future. However, a DCF is just one valuation metric among many, and it is not without flaws. For those who are keen learners of equity analysis, the Simply Wall St analysis model here may be something of interest to you.

Check out our latest analysis for Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port

### Crunching the numbers

We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second 'steady growth' period. In the first stage we need to estimate the cash flows to the business over the next ten years. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

#### 10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 Levered FCF (\$, Millions) US\$207.3m US\$199.4m US\$198.6m US\$202.5m US\$209.7m US\$219.7m US\$231.9m US\$246.1m US\$262.1m US\$279.9m Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ -8.6% Est @ -3.79% Est @ -0.42% Est @ 1.94% Est @ 3.59% Est @ 4.74% Est @ 5.55% Est @ 6.12% Est @ 6.52% Est @ 6.79% Present Value (\$, Millions) Discounted @ 16% US\$178 US\$147 US\$126 US\$110 US\$97.9 US\$88.1 US\$79.8 US\$72.7 US\$66.5 US\$61.0

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = US\$1.0b

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (7.4%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 16%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = US\$280m× (1 + 7.4%) ÷ (16%– 7.4%) = US\$3.3b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= US\$3.3b÷ ( 1 + 16%)10= US\$727m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is US\$1.8b. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of ₽8.2, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

### Important assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 16%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.316. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Whilst important, the DCF calculation shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" For instance, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can dramatically alter the overall result. For Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port, we've put together three additional aspects you should look at:

1. Risks: Take risks, for example - Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port has 2 warning signs (and 1 which is a bit concerning) we think you should know about.
2. Future Earnings: How does NMTP's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the MISX every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

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### Valuation is complex, but we're helping make it simple.

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This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.
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