A Look At The Intrinsic Value Of Prima Moda S.A. (WSE:PMA)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
March 18, 2022
WSE:PMA
Source: Shutterstock

Today we will run through one way of estimating the intrinsic value of Prima Moda S.A. (WSE:PMA) by estimating the company's future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. We will take advantage of the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model for this purpose. Believe it or not, it's not too difficult to follow, as you'll see from our example!

We would caution that there are many ways of valuing a company and, like the DCF, each technique has advantages and disadvantages in certain scenarios. Anyone interested in learning a bit more about intrinsic value should have a read of the Simply Wall St analysis model.

View our latest analysis for Prima Moda

Is Prima Moda fairly valued?

We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (PLN, Millions) zł745.9k zł573.2k zł484.5k zł435.6k zł408.1k zł393.1k zł385.9k zł383.8k zł385.1k zł389.0k
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ -34.14% Est @ -23.16% Est @ -15.47% Est @ -10.09% Est @ -6.32% Est @ -3.68% Est @ -1.84% Est @ -0.54% Est @ 0.36% Est @ 0.99%
Present Value (PLN, Millions) Discounted @ 13% zł0.7 zł0.5 zł0.3 zł0.3 zł0.2 zł0.2 zł0.2 zł0.1 zł0.1 zł0.1

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = zł2.0m

The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (2.5%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 13%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = zł389k× (1 + 2.5%) ÷ (13%– 2.5%) = zł3.9m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= zł3.9m÷ ( 1 + 13%)10= zł1.2m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is zł3.2m. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of zł1.1, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

dcf
WSE:PMA Discounted Cash Flow March 18th 2022

Important assumptions

We would point out that the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate and of course the actual cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Prima Moda as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 13%, which is based on a levered beta of 2.000. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Moving On:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. For Prima Moda, there are three additional items you should look at:

  1. Risks: To that end, you should learn about the 5 warning signs we've spotted with Prima Moda (including 4 which are significant) .
  2. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
  3. Other Environmentally-Friendly Companies: Concerned about the environment and think consumers will buy eco-friendly products more and more? Browse through our interactive list of companies that are thinking about a greener future to discover some stocks you may not have thought of!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the WSE every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

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