Calculating The Fair Value Of Grand Power Logistics Group Limited (HKG:8489)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
May 21, 2021
SEHK:8489
Source: Shutterstock

Today we will run through one way of estimating the intrinsic value of Grand Power Logistics Group Limited (HKG:8489) by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to today's value. We will use the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model on this occasion. Don't get put off by the jargon, the math behind it is actually quite straightforward.

We generally believe that a company's value is the present value of all of the cash it will generate in the future. However, a DCF is just one valuation metric among many, and it is not without flaws. For those who are keen learners of equity analysis, the Simply Wall St analysis model here may be something of interest to you.

Check out our latest analysis for Grand Power Logistics Group

Crunching the numbers

We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second 'steady growth' period. In the first stage we need to estimate the cash flows to the business over the next ten years. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030
Levered FCF (HK$, Millions) HK$8.09m HK$8.66m HK$9.13m HK$9.51m HK$9.84m HK$10.1m HK$10.4m HK$10.6m HK$10.8m HK$11.0m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ 9.5% Est @ 7.09% Est @ 5.41% Est @ 4.23% Est @ 3.4% Est @ 2.83% Est @ 2.42% Est @ 2.14% Est @ 1.94% Est @ 1.8%
Present Value (HK$, Millions) Discounted @ 6.9% HK$7.6 HK$7.6 HK$7.5 HK$7.3 HK$7.0 HK$6.8 HK$6.5 HK$6.2 HK$5.9 HK$5.6

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = HK$67m

After calculating the present value of future cash flows in the initial 10-year period, we need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all future cash flows beyond the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 1.5%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 6.9%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2030 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = HK$11m× (1 + 1.5%) ÷ (6.9%– 1.5%) = HK$204m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= HK$204m÷ ( 1 + 6.9%)10= HK$104m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is HK$171m. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of HK$0.7, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

dcf
SEHK:8489 Discounted Cash Flow May 22nd 2021

Important assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Grand Power Logistics Group as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 6.9%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.029. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Next Steps:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. For Grand Power Logistics Group, we've compiled three relevant items you should look at:

  1. Risks: For example, we've discovered 3 warning signs for Grand Power Logistics Group (1 doesn't sit too well with us!) that you should be aware of before investing here.
  2. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!
  3. Other Environmentally-Friendly Companies: Concerned about the environment and think consumers will buy eco-friendly products more and more? Browse through our interactive list of companies that are thinking about a greener future to discover some stocks you may not have thought of!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the SEHK every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

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