Calculating The Intrinsic Value Of China Golden Classic Group Limited (HKG:8281)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
January 11, 2022
SEHK:8281
Source: Shutterstock

In this article we are going to estimate the intrinsic value of China Golden Classic Group Limited (HKG:8281) by taking the forecast future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to today's value. One way to achieve this is by employing the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. There's really not all that much to it, even though it might appear quite complex.

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

Check out our latest analysis for China Golden Classic Group

Crunching the numbers

We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second 'steady growth' period. In the first stage we need to estimate the cash flows to the business over the next ten years. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (CN¥, Millions) CN¥6.43m CN¥6.80m CN¥7.11m CN¥7.36m CN¥7.58m CN¥7.77m CN¥7.94m CN¥8.10m CN¥8.25m CN¥8.39m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ 7.64% Est @ 5.79% Est @ 4.5% Est @ 3.59% Est @ 2.96% Est @ 2.51% Est @ 2.2% Est @ 1.99% Est @ 1.83% Est @ 1.73%
Present Value (CN¥, Millions) Discounted @ 6.8% CN¥6.0 CN¥6.0 CN¥5.8 CN¥5.7 CN¥5.5 CN¥5.2 CN¥5.0 CN¥4.8 CN¥4.6 CN¥4.3

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = CN¥52m

After calculating the present value of future cash flows in the initial 10-year period, we need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all future cash flows beyond the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (1.5%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 6.8%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = CN¥8.4m× (1 + 1.5%) ÷ (6.8%– 1.5%) = CN¥160m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= CN¥160m÷ ( 1 + 6.8%)10= CN¥83m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is CN¥135m. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of HK$0.2, the company appears about fair value at a 6.0% discount to where the stock price trades currently. The assumptions in any calculation have a big impact on the valuation, so it is better to view this as a rough estimate, not precise down to the last cent.

dcf
SEHK:8281 Discounted Cash Flow January 11th 2022

Important assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. Part of investing is coming up with your own evaluation of a company's future performance, so try the calculation yourself and check your own assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at China Golden Classic Group as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 6.8%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.071. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Looking Ahead:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For China Golden Classic Group, we've put together three essential factors you should consider:

  1. Risks: Every company has them, and we've spotted 2 warning signs for China Golden Classic Group you should know about.
  2. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!
  3. Other Top Analyst Picks: Interested to see what the analysts are thinking? Take a look at our interactive list of analysts' top stock picks to find out what they feel might have an attractive future outlook!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Hong Kong stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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