Stock Analysis

# Calculating The Intrinsic Value Of Boiron SA (EPA:BOI)

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How far off is Boiron SA (EPA:BOI) from its intrinsic value? Using the most recent financial data, we'll take a look at whether the stock is fairly priced by taking the forecast future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to today's value. We will use the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model on this occasion. Models like these may appear beyond the comprehension of a lay person, but they're fairly easy to follow.

We would caution that there are many ways of valuing a company and, like the DCF, each technique has advantages and disadvantages in certain scenarios. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

Check out our latest analysis for Boiron

## The Method

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

#### 10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 Levered FCF (€, Millions) €64.9m €72.0m €51.3m €47.5m €45.0m €43.5m €42.5m €41.8m €41.4m €41.2m Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x2 Analyst x2 Analyst x1 Est @ -7.47% Est @ -5.12% Est @ -3.47% Est @ -2.31% Est @ -1.51% Est @ -0.94% Est @ -0.54% Present Value (€, Millions) Discounted @ 5.7% €61.4 €64.4 €43.4 €38.0 €34.1 €31.1 €28.7 €26.8 €25.1 €23.6

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = €376m

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (0.4%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 5.7%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2032 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = €41m× (1 + 0.4%) ÷ (5.7%– 0.4%) = €772m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= €772m÷ ( 1 + 5.7%)10= €442m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is €818m. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of €43.2, the company appears about fair value at a 8.3% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

## Important Assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Boiron as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 5.7%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.800. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

### SWOT Analysis for Boiron

Strength
• Earnings growth over the past year exceeded the industry.
• Debt is not viewed as a risk.
• Dividends are covered by earnings and cash flows.
Weakness
• Dividend is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the Pharmaceuticals market.
Opportunity
• Annual earnings are forecast to grow for the next 3 years.
• Current share price is below our estimate of fair value.
Threat
• Annual earnings are forecast to grow slower than the French market.

## Next Steps:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For Boiron, we've compiled three important factors you should consider:

1. Risks: Consider for instance, the ever-present spectre of investment risk. We've identified 1 warning sign with Boiron , and understanding it should be part of your investment process.
2. Future Earnings: How does BOI's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the ENXTPA every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

### Valuation is complex, but we're helping make it simple.

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