- Telecom Services and Carriers
Telefónica, S.A.'s (BME:TEF) Intrinsic Value Is Potentially 56% Above Its Share Price
- The projected fair value for Telefónica is €5.87 based on 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity
- Telefónica's €3.75 share price signals that it might be 36% undervalued
- Our fair value estimate is 27% lower than Telefónica's analyst price target of €4.30
Does the March share price for Telefónica, S.A. (BME:TEF) reflect what it's really worth? Today, we will estimate the stock's intrinsic value by projecting its future cash flows and then discounting them to today's value. This will be done using the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple!
Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.
Check out our latest analysis for Telefónica
What's The Estimated Valuation?
We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second 'steady growth' period. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.
Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:
10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate
|Levered FCF (€, Millions)||€3.15b||€3.38b||€3.70b||€3.30b||€3.33b||€3.30b||€3.30b||€3.30b||€3.31b||€3.33b|
|Growth Rate Estimate Source||Analyst x11||Analyst x11||Analyst x7||Analyst x2||Analyst x1||Est @ -0.78%||Est @ -0.24%||Est @ 0.14%||Est @ 0.41%||Est @ 0.60%|
|Present Value (€, Millions) Discounted @ 10%||€2.9k||€2.8k||€2.7k||€2.2k||€2.0k||€1.8k||€1.6k||€1.5k||€1.4k||€1.2k|
("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = €20b
The second stage is also known as Terminal Value, this is the business's cash flow after the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (1.0%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 10%.
Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2032 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = €3.3b× (1 + 1.0%) ÷ (10%– 1.0%) = €36b
Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= €36b÷ ( 1 + 10%)10= €13b
The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is €33b. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of €3.8, the company appears quite good value at a 36% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.
Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Telefónica as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 10%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.082. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.
SWOT Analysis for Telefónica
- Debt is well covered by cash flow.
- Dividend is in the top 25% of dividend payers in the market.
- Earnings declined over the past year.
- Interest payments on debt are not well covered.
- Annual earnings are forecast to grow for the next 3 years.
- Trading below our estimate of fair value by more than 20%.
- Dividends are not covered by earnings.
- Annual earnings are forecast to grow slower than the Spanish market.
Whilst important, the DCF calculation ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" For instance, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can dramatically alter the overall result. What is the reason for the share price sitting below the intrinsic value? For Telefónica, we've compiled three pertinent factors you should consider:
- Risks: Be aware that Telefónica is showing 4 warning signs in our investment analysis , and 1 of those is potentially serious...
- Future Earnings: How does TEF's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
- Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the BME every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.
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This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.
Telefónica, S.A., together with its subsidiaries, provides telecommunications services in Europe and Latin America.
Good value second-rate dividend payer.