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CURA Technologies

BSE:532332
Snowflake Description

Adequate balance sheet with weak fundamentals.

The Snowflake is generated from 30 checks in 5 different areas, read more below.
532332
BSE
₹16M
Market Cap
  1. Home
  2. IN
  3. Software
Company description

CURA Technologies Limited provides enterprise class software applications for organizations to manage their risk, compliance, and audit framework through an automated process worldwide. The last earnings update was 67 days ago. More info.


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  • CURA Technologies has significant price volatility in the past 3 months.
532332 Share Price and Events
7 Day Returns
14.5%
BSE:532332
0.9%
IN Software
0.8%
IN Market
1 Year Returns
-
BSE:532332
-18.4%
IN Software
-0.7%
IN Market
532332 Shareholder Return
  7 Day 30 Day 90 Day 1 Year 3 Year 5 Year
CURA Technologies (532332) 14.5% -1.1% -50.7% - -65.2% -90.2%
IN Software 0.9% 3.2% -4.8% -18.4% -4.1% 26.8%
IN Market 0.8% 2.8% 5.9% -0.7% 41.2% 72.5%
1 Year Return vs Industry and Market
  • No trading data on 532332.
  • No trading data on 532332.
Price Volatility
532332
Industry
5yr Volatility vs Market

Value

 Is CURA Technologies undervalued based on future cash flows and its price relative to the stock market?

Value is all about what a company is worth versus what price it is available for. If you went into a grocery store and all the bananas were on sale at half price, they could be considered undervalued.
INTRINSIC VALUE BASED ON FUTURE CASH FLOWS
  • It is not possible to calculate the future cash flow value for CURA Technologies. This is due to cash flow or dividend data being unavailable. The share price is ₹1.74.
PRICE RELATIVE TO MARKET
We can also value a company based on what the stock market is willing to pay for it. This is similar to the price of fruit (e.g. Mangoes or Avocados) increasing when they are out of season, or how much your home is worth.

The amount the stock market is willing to pay for CURA Technologies's earnings, growth and assets is considered below, and whether this is a fair price.
Price based on past earnings
Are CURA Technologies's earnings available for a low price, and how does this compare to other companies in the same industry?
Raw Data
BSE:532332 PE (Price to Earnings) Ratio Data Sources
Data Point Source Value
Earnings Per Share * Company Filings (2018-12-31) in INR ₹-1.64
BSE:532332 Share Price ** BSE (2019-04-22) in INR ₹1.74
India Software Industry PE Ratio Median Figure of 48 Publicly-Listed Software Companies 16.08x
India Market PE Ratio Median Figure of 2,738 Publicly-Listed Companies 16.33x

* Trailing twelve months (TTM) annual GAAP earnings per share excluding extraordinary items.

** Primary Listing of CURA Technologies.

BSE:532332 PE (Price to Earnings) Ratio Calculation
Calculation Outcome
PE Ratio

= BSE:532332 Share Price ÷ EPS (both in INR)

= 1.74 ÷ -1.64

-1.06x

Learn more about our ratios and growth rates in Simply Wall St’s analysis model >

  • CURA Technologies is loss making, we can't compare its value to the IN Software industry average.
  • CURA Technologies is loss making, we can't compare the value of its earnings to the India market.
Price based on expected Growth
Does CURA Technologies's expected growth come at a high price?
Raw Data
BSE:532332 PEG (Price to Earnings to Growth) Ratio Data Sources
Data Point Source Value
PE Ratio See PE Ratio Section -1.06x
Net Income Annual Growth Rate See Future Growth Section.
Line of Best Fit* through Consensus Estimate Earnings of 0 Analysts
Not available
India Software Industry PEG Ratio Median Figure of 9 Publicly-Listed Software Companies 0.94x
India Market PEG Ratio Median Figure of 585 Publicly-Listed Companies 1.32x

*Line of best fit is calculated by linear regression .

Learn more about our ratios and growth rates in Simply Wall St’s analysis model >

  • Unable to calculate PEG ratio for CURA Technologies, we can't assess if its growth is good value.
Price based on value of assets
What value do investors place on CURA Technologies's assets?
Raw Data
BSE:532332 PB (Price to Book) Ratio Data Sources
Data Point Source Value
Book Value per Share Company Filings (2018-12-31) in INR ₹1.10
BSE:532332 Share Price * BSE (2019-04-22) in INR ₹1.74
India Software Industry PB Ratio Median Figure of 66 Publicly-Listed Software Companies 1.21x
India Market PB Ratio Median Figure of 3,628 Publicly-Listed Companies 1.11x
BSE:532332 PB (Price to Book) Ratio Calculation
Calculation Outcome
PB Ratio

= BSE:532332 Share Price ÷ Book Value per Share (both in INR)

= 1.74 ÷ 1.10

1.58x

* Primary Listing of CURA Technologies.

Learn more about our ratios and growth rates in Simply Wall St’s analysis model >

  • CURA Technologies is overvalued based on assets compared to the IN Software industry average.
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Value checks
We assess CURA Technologies's value by looking at:
  1. Is the discounted cash flow value less than 20%, or 40% of the share price? (2 checks) ( Click here or on bar chart for details of DCF calculation. )
  2. Is the PE ratio less than the market average, and/ or less than the Software industry average (and greater than 0)? (2 checks)
  3. Is the PEG ratio within a reasonable range (0 to 1)? (1 check)
  4. Is the PB ratio less than the Software industry average (and greater than 0)? (1 check)
  5. CURA Technologies has a total score of 0/6, see the detailed checks below.

    Note: We use GAAP Earnings per Share in all our calculations including PE and PEG Ratio.

    Full details on the Value part of the Simply Wall St company analysis model.

Future Performance

 How is CURA Technologies expected to perform in the next 1 to 3 years based on estimates from 0 analysts?

In this section we usually present revenue and earnings growth projections based on the consensus estimates of professional analysts to help investors understand the company’s ability to generate profit. But as CURA Technologies has not provided enough past data and has no analyst forecast, its future earnings cannot be reliably calculated by extrapolating past data or using analyst predictions.

This is quite a rare situation as 97% of companies covered by Simply Wall St do have past financial data. You can see them here.

Show me the analysis anyway

The future performance of a company is measured in the same way as past performance, by looking at estimated growth and how much profit it is expected to make.

Future estimates come from professional analysts. Just like forecasting the weather, they don’t always get it right!
Annual Growth Rate
16.5%
Expected Software industry annual growth in earnings.
Earnings growth vs Low Risk Savings
Is CURA Technologies expected to grow at an attractive rate?
  • Unable to compare CURA Technologies's earnings growth to the low risk savings rate as no estimate data is available.
Growth vs Market Checks
  • Unable to compare CURA Technologies's earnings growth to the India market average as no estimate data is available.
  • Unable to compare CURA Technologies's revenue growth to the India market average as no estimate data is available.
Annual Growth Rates Comparison
Raw Data
BSE:532332 Future Growth Rates Data Sources
Data Point Source Value (per year)
India Software Industry Earnings Growth Rate Market Cap Weighted Average 16.5%
India Software Industry Revenue Growth Rate Market Cap Weighted Average 12.1%
India Market Earnings Growth Rate Market Cap Weighted Average 18.5%
India Market Revenue Growth Rate Market Cap Weighted Average 11.7%

*Line of best fit is calculated by linear regression .

Industry and Market average data is calculated daily.

Learn more about our growth rate calculations in Simply Wall St’s analysis model.

Analysts growth expectations
Raw Data
BSE:532332 Analysts Growth Expectations Data Sources
Data Point Source Value
Past Financials Company Filings (3 months ago) See Below
Future Estimates Average of up to 0 Analyst Estimates (S&P Global) See Below
All numbers in INR Millions and using Trailing twelve months (TTM) annual period rather than quarterly.
BSE:532332 Past Financials Data
Date (Data in INR Millions) Revenue Cash Flow Net Income *
2018-12-31 0 -16
2018-09-30 3 -16
2018-06-30 14 -16
2018-03-31 29 3 -13
2017-12-31 31 -600
2017-09-30 59 -586
2017-06-30 48 -610
2017-03-31 474 -367 -486
2016-03-31 263 51 -67

*GAAP earnings excluding extraordinary items.

Super high growth metrics
High Growth Checks
  • Unable to determine if CURA Technologies is high growth as no earnings estimate data is available.
  • Unable to determine if CURA Technologies is high growth as no revenue estimate data is available.
Past and Future Earnings per Share
The accuracy of the analysts who estimate the future performance data can be gauged below. We look back 3 years and see if they were any good at predicting what actually occurred. We also show the highest and lowest estimates looking forward to see if there is a wide range.
Raw Data
BSE:532332 Past and Future Earnings per Share
Data Point Source Value
Past Financials Company Filings (3 months ago) See Below
Future Estimates Average of up to 0 Analyst Estimates (S&P Global) See Below

All data from CURA Technologies Company Filings, last reported 3 months ago, and in Trailing twelve months (TTM) annual period rather than quarterly.

BSE:532332 Past Financials Data
Date (Data in INR Millions) EPS *
2018-12-31 -1.64
2018-09-30
2018-06-30 -1.66
2018-03-31 -1.31
2017-12-31 -62.75
2017-09-30 -60.47
2017-06-30 -60.62
2017-03-31 -50.91
2016-03-31 -6.98

*GAAP earnings excluding extraordinary items.

Performance in 3 years
In the same way as past performance we look at the future estimated return (profit) compared to the available funds. We do this looking forward 3 years.
  • Unable to establish if CURA Technologies will efficiently use shareholders’ funds in the future without estimates of Return on Equity.

Next steps:

  1. Examine CURA Technologies's financial health to determine how well-positioned it is against times of financial stress by looking at its level of debt over time and how much cash it has left.
  2. CURA Technologies's future outlook can be gauged by looking at industry trends and market size, and determining how well-positioned the company is compared to its competitors. Take a look at other high-growth Software companies here
  3. CURA Technologies's competitive advantages and company strategy can generally be found in its financial reports archived here.
  4. Use fundamentals to screen for another stock to analyse from our database of over 75,000 companies worldwide
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Future performance checks
We assess CURA Technologies's future performance by looking at:
  1. Is the annual earnings growth rate expected to beat the low risk savings rate, plus a premium to keep pace with inflation?
  2. Is the annual earnings growth rate expected to beat the average growth rate in earnings of the India market? (1 check)
  3. Is the annual revenue growth rate expected to beat the average growth rate in revenue of the India market? (1 check)
  4. Is the annual earnings growth rate expected to be above 20%? (1 check)
  5. Is the annual revenue growth rate expected to be above 20%? (1 check)
  6. Is the Return on Equity in 3 years expected to be over 20%? (1 check)
Some of the above checks will fail if the company is expected to be loss making in the relevant year.
CURA Technologies has a total score of 0/6, see the detailed checks below.

Note 1: We use GAAP Net Income Excluding Exceptional Items for our Earnings in all our calculations.

Full details on the Future part of the Simply Wall St company analysis model.

Past Performance

  How has CURA Technologies performed over the past 5 years?

The past performance of a company can be measured by how much growth it has experienced and how much profit it makes relative to the funds and assets it has available.
Past earnings growth
Below we compare CURA Technologies's growth in the last year to its industry (Software).
Past Earnings growth analysis
We also check if the company has grown in the past 5 years, and whether it has maintained that growth in the year.
  • CURA Technologies does not make a profit even though their year on year earnings growth rate was positive over the past 5 years.
  • Unable to compare CURA Technologies's 1-year earnings growth to the 5-year average as it is not currently profitable.
  • Unable to compare CURA Technologies's 1-year growth to the IN Software industry average as it is not currently profitable.
Earnings and Revenue History
CURA Technologies's revenue and profit over the past 5 years is shown below, any years where they have experienced a loss will show up in red.
Raw Data

All data from CURA Technologies Company Filings, last reported 3 months ago, and in Trailing twelve months (TTM) annual period rather than quarterly.

BSE:532332 Past Revenue, Cash Flow and Net Income Data
Date (Data in INR Millions) Revenue Net Income * G+A Expenses R&D Expenses
2018-12-31 0.00 -15.70 9.25
2018-09-30 3.21 -16.17 9.25
2018-06-30 13.56 -15.62
2018-03-31 28.89 -12.55 9.25
2017-12-31 30.86 -600.03 9.10
2017-09-30 58.64 -585.86 9.10
2017-06-30 48.29 -609.63 9.10
2017-03-31 474.14 -486.44 11.98
2016-03-31 263.47 -66.65 11.42
2015-03-31 318.96 -1,270.53 12.57
2014-03-31 367.52 -180.05 91.04
2013-03-31 417.92 1.21 55.26

*GAAP earnings excluding extraordinary items.

Performance last year
We want to ensure a company is making the most of what it has available. This is done by comparing the return (profit) to a company's available funds, assets and capital.
  • It is difficult to establish if CURA Technologies has efficiently used shareholders’ funds last year (Return on Equity greater than 20%) as it is loss-making.
  • It is difficult to establish if CURA Technologies has efficiently used its assets last year compared to the IN Software industry average (Return on Assets) as it is loss-making.
  • It is difficult to establish if CURA Technologies improved its use of capital last year versus 3 years ago (Return on Capital Employed) as it is currently loss-making.
X
Past performance checks
We assess CURA Technologies's performance over the past 5 years by checking for:
  1. Has earnings increased in past 5 years? (1 check)
  2. Has the earnings growth in the last year exceeded that of the Software industry? (1 check)
  3. Is the recent earnings growth over the last year higher than the average annual growth over the past 5 years? (1 check)
  4. Is the Return on Equity (ROE) higher than 20%? (1 check)
  5. Is the Return on Assets (ROA) above industry average? (1 check)
  6. Has the Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) increased from 3 years ago? (1 check)
The above checks will fail if the company has reported a loss in the most recent earnings report. Some checks require at least 3 or 5 years worth of data.
CURA Technologies has a total score of 0/6, see the detailed checks below.

Note: We use GAAP Net Income excluding extraordinary items in all our calculations.

Full details on the Past part of the Simply Wall St company analysis model.

Health

 How is CURA Technologies's financial health and their level of debt?

A company's financial position is much like your own financial position, it includes everything you own (assets) and owe (liabilities).

The boxes below represent the relative size of what makes up CURA Technologies's finances.

The net worth of a company is the difference between its assets and liabilities.
Net Worth
  • CURA Technologies is able to meet its short term (1 year) commitments with its holdings of cash and other short term assets.
  • CURA Technologies's cash and other short term assets cover its long term commitments.
Balance sheet
This treemap shows a more detailed breakdown of CURA Technologies's finances. If any of them are yellow this indicates they may be out of proportion and red means they relate to one of the checks below.
Assets
Liabilities and shares
The 'shares' portion represents any funds contributed by the owners (shareholders) and any profits.
  • Low level of unsold assets.
  • Debt is covered by short term assets, assets are 1.2x debt.
Historical Debt
Nearly all companies have debt. Debt in itself isn’t bad, however if the debt is too high, or the company can’t afford to pay the interest on its debts this may have impacts in the future.

The graphic below shows equity (available funds) and debt, we ideally want to see the red area (debt) decreasing.

If there is any debt we look at the companies capability to repay it, and whether the level has increased over the past 5 years.
Raw Data

All data from CURA Technologies Company Filings, last reported 3 months ago.

BSE:532332 Past Debt and Equity Data
Date (Data in INR Millions) Total Equity Total Debt Cash & Short Term Investments
2018-12-31 6.17 52.54 0.15
2018-09-30 6.17 52.54 0.15
2018-06-30 10.60 66.47 0.14
2018-03-31 10.60 66.47 0.14
2017-12-31 19.49 43.69 0.66
2017-09-30 19.49 43.69 0.66
2017-06-30 23.15 41.13 0.70
2017-03-31 23.15 47.38 0.70
2016-03-31 -1,212.16 1,239.18 6.58
2015-03-31 -806.96 1,126.75 18.19
2014-03-31 724.44 900.01 29.47
2013-03-31 517.19 1,200.27 24.05
  • CURA Technologies's level of debt (851.7%) compared to net worth is high (greater than 40%).
  • The level of debt compared to net worth has increased over the past 5 years (144.4% vs 851.7% today).
CASH RUNWAY ANALYSIS

For companies that have on average been loss making in the past we assess whether they have at least 1 year of cash runway.

  • Whilst loss making CURA Technologies has sufficient cash runway for more than 3 years if it maintains the current positive free cash flow level.
  • Whilst loss making CURA Technologies has sufficient cash runway for more than 3 years, due to free cash flow being positive and growing by 11.4% per year.
X
Financial health checks
We assess CURA Technologies's financial health by checking for:
  1. Are short term assets greater than short term liabilities? (1 check)
  2. Are short term assets greater than long term liabilities? (1 check)
  3. Has the debt to equity ratio increased in the past 5 years? (1 check)
  4. Is the debt to equity ratio over 40%? (1 check)
  5. Is the debt covered by operating cash flow? (1 check)
  6. Are earnings greater than 5x the interest on debt (if company pays interest at all)? (1 check)
  7. CURA Technologies has a total score of 4/6, see the detailed checks below.
For companies that are loss making and have been so on average in the past we replace the last 2 checks with:
  1. Does cash and short term investments cover stable operating expenses (recurring G&A and R&D) for more than 3 years? (1 check)
  2. Does cash and short term investments cover growing operating expenses (recurring G&A and R&D) for more than 3 years? (1 check)


Full details on the Health part of the Simply Wall St company analysis model.

Dividends

 What is CURA Technologies's current dividend yield, its reliability and sustainability?

Dividends are regular cash payments to you from the company, similar to a bank paying you interest on a savings account.
Annual Dividend Income
Dividend payments
0%
Current annual income from CURA Technologies dividends.
If you bought ₹2,000 of CURA Technologies shares you are expected to receive ₹0 in your first year as a dividend.
Dividend Amount
Here we look how much dividend is being paid, if any. Is it above what you can get in a savings account? It is up there with the best dividend paying companies?
  • Unable to evaluate CURA Technologies's dividend yield against the bottom 25% of dividend payers as the company has not reported any payouts.
  • Unable to evaluate CURA Technologies's dividend against the top 25% market benchmark as the company has not reported any payouts.
Annualized Historical and Future Dividends
It is important to see if the dividend for a company is stable, and not wildly increasing/decreasing each year. This graph shows you the historical rate to count toward your assessment of the stock.

We also check to see if the dividend has increased in the past 10 years.
Raw Data
BSE:532332 Annualized Past and Future Dividends
Data Point Source Value
Past Annualized Dividend Yield S&P Global Market Data See Below
Past Dividends per Share Company Filings/ Annualized Dividend Payments See Below
Future Dividends per Share Estimates Average of up to 0 Analyst Estimates (S&P Global) See Below
India Software Industry Average Dividend Yield Market Cap Weighted Average of 18 Stocks 2.7%
India Market Average Dividend Yield Market Cap Weighted Average of 1400 Stocks 1.4%
India Minimum Threshold Dividend Yield 10th Percentile 0.3%
India Bottom 25% Dividend Yield 25th Percentile 0.5%
India Top 25% Dividend Yield 75th Percentile 1.9%

Industry and Market average data is calculated daily.

Note all dividend per share amounts are annualized and not quarterly or other period.

BSE:532332 Past Annualized Dividends Data
Date (Data in ₹) Dividend per share (annual) Avg. Yield (%)
2012-09-17 0.000 0.000
2011-09-14 0.200 0.372
2011-08-19 0.200 0.127
2010-08-25 0.500 0.208
2010-05-10 0.500 0.217
2009-04-24 0.500 0.218

Learn more about our ratios and growth rates in Simply Wall St’s analysis model >

  • Unable to perform a dividend volatility check as CURA Technologies has not reported any payouts.
  • Unable to verify if CURA Technologies's dividend has been increasing as the company has not reported any payouts.
Current Payout to shareholders
What portion of CURA Technologies's earnings are paid to the shareholders as a dividend.
  • Unable to calculate sustainability of dividends as CURA Technologies has not reported any payouts.
Future Payout to shareholders
  • Insufficient estimate data to determine if a dividend will be paid in 3 years and that it will be sustainable.
X
Income/ dividend checks
We assess CURA Technologies's dividend by checking for:
  1. Firstly is the company paying a notable dividend (greater than 0.3%) - if not then the rest of the checks are ignored.
  2. Is current dividend yield above the bottom 25% of dividend payers? (1 check)
  3. Is current dividend yield above the top 25% of dividend payers? (1 check)
  4. Have they paid a dividend for 10 years, and during this period has the dividend been volatile (drop of more than 25%)? (1 check)
  5. If they have paid a dividend for 10 years has it increased in this time? (1 check)
  6. How sustainable is the dividend, can CURA Technologies afford to pay it from its earnings today and in 3 years (Payout ratio less than 90%)? (2 checks)
  7. CURA Technologies has a total score of 0/6, see the detailed checks below.


Full details on the Dividends part of the Simply Wall St company analysis model.

Management

 What is the CEO of CURA Technologies's salary, the management and board of directors tenure and is there insider trading?

Management is one of the most important areas of a company. We look at unreasonable CEO compensation, how long the team and board of directors have been around for and insider trading.
CEO
Gopu Reddy
COMPENSATION ₹0
AGE 53
TENURE AS CEO 10.8 years
CEO Bio

Mr. Gopu Bala Reddy has been Chairman and Managing Director at CURA Technologies Limited since July 27, 2008. Mr. Reddy has been the Managing Director of ICSA (India) Ltd. since December 28, 2005. He has been an Executive Director of ICSA (India) Ltd. since December 31, 1996. He has more than 16 years experience in administration, finance and software areas. He has also been the Chairman of ICSA (India) Ltd. since December 28, 2005. He serves as a Director of BSN Pharma Ltd. He serves as a Director of PR Cements Limited. He holds M.A.

CEO Compensation
  • Insufficient data for Gopu to compare compensation growth.
  • Gopu's remuneration is lower than average for companies of similar size in India.
Management Team

Gopu Reddy

TITLE
Chairman & MD
AGE
53
TENURE
10.8 yrs

M. Reddy

TITLE
Vice President of Delivery
Board of Directors Tenure

Average tenure and age of the CURA Technologies board of directors in years:

10.8
Average Tenure
51
Average Age
  • The average tenure for the CURA Technologies board of directors is over 10 years, this suggests they are a seasoned and experienced board.
Board of Directors

Gopu Reddy

TITLE
Chairman & MD
AGE
53
TENURE
10.8 yrs

Lalitha Gudimetla

TITLE
Non-Executive Independent Women Director
AGE
51
TENURE
11 yrs

Telukutla Rao

TITLE
Non-Executive Independent Director
AGE
50
TENURE
2.8 yrs
Who owns this company?
Recent Insider Trading
  • No 3 month insider trading information.
Recent Insider Transactions
Announced Type Name Entity Role Start End Shares Max Price (₹) Value (₹)
X
Management checks
We assess CURA Technologies's management by checking for:
  1. Is the CEO's compensation unreasonable compared to market cap? (1 check)
  2. Has the CEO's compensation increased more than 20% whilst the EPS is down more then 20%? (1 check)
  3. Is the average tenure of the management team less than 2 years? (1 check)
  4. Is the average tenure of the board of directors team less than 3 years? (1 check)
  5. CURA Technologies has a total score of 0/6, this is not included on the snowflake, see the detailed checks below.


Note: We use the top 6 management executives and board members in our calculations.

Note 2: Insider trading include any internal stakeholders and these transactions .

Full details on the Management part of the Simply Wall St company analysis model.

News

Simply Wall St News

Company Info

Description

CURA Technologies Limited provides enterprise class software applications for organizations to manage their risk, compliance, and audit framework through an automated process worldwide. It primarily serves energy sector The company was formerly known as Softpro Systems Limited and changed its name to CURA Technologies Limited in October 2010. CURA Technologies Limited was incorporated in 1991 and is headquartered in Hyderabad, India.

Details
Name: CURA Technologies Limited
532332
Exchange: BSE
Founded: 1991
₹15,861,300
9,555,000
Website: http://www.curatechnologies.co.in
Address: CURA Technologies Limited
Plot No. 12,
Software Units Layout,
Hyderabad,
Andhra Pradesh, 500081,
India
Listings
Exchange Symbol Ticker Symbol Security Exchange Country Currency Listed on
BSE 532332 Equity Shares Mumbai Stock Exchange IN INR 07. Jun 2000
NSEI CURATECH Equity Shares National Stock Exchange of India IN INR 07. Jun 2000
Number of employees
Current staff
Staff numbers
0
CURA Technologies employees.
Industry
Application Software
Software
Company Analysis and Financial Data Status
Area Date (UTC time)
Company Analysis updated: 2019/04/22 12:32
End of day share price update: 2019/04/22 00:00
Last earnings filing: 2019/02/14
Last earnings reported: 2018/12/31
Last annual earnings reported: 2018/03/31


All dates and times in UTC. All financial data provided by Standard & Poor’s Capital IQ.

Unless specified all financial data is based on a yearly period but updated quarterly. This is known as Trailing Twelve Month (TTM) or Last Twelve Month (LTM) Data. Learn more here.