Calculating The Intrinsic Value Of Pudumjee Paper Products Limited (NSE:PDMJEPAPER)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
February 23, 2022
NSEI:PDMJEPAPER
Source: Shutterstock

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Pudumjee Paper Products Limited (NSE:PDMJEPAPER) as an investment opportunity by estimating the company's future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. We will take advantage of the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model for this purpose. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple!

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

Check out our latest analysis for Pudumjee Paper Products

Step by step through the calculation

We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (₹, Millions) ₹306.0m ₹335.9m ₹365.6m ₹395.7m ₹426.5m ₹458.3m ₹491.5m ₹526.3m ₹563.1m ₹602.0m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ 11.08% Est @ 9.78% Est @ 8.86% Est @ 8.22% Est @ 7.78% Est @ 7.46% Est @ 7.24% Est @ 7.09% Est @ 6.98% Est @ 6.91%
Present Value (₹, Millions) Discounted @ 16% ₹263 ₹248 ₹232 ₹215 ₹199 ₹184 ₹169 ₹156 ₹143 ₹132

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = ₹1.9b

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (6.7%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 16%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = ₹602m× (1 + 6.7%) ÷ (16%– 6.7%) = ₹6.6b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= ₹6.6b÷ ( 1 + 16%)10= ₹1.4b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is ₹3.4b. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of ₹33.6, the company appears about fair value at a 5.9% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

dcf
NSEI:PDMJEPAPER Discounted Cash Flow February 23rd 2022

The assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Pudumjee Paper Products as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 16%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.511. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Next Steps:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For Pudumjee Paper Products, we've compiled three additional elements you should consider:

  1. Risks: We feel that you should assess the 3 warning signs for Pudumjee Paper Products we've flagged before making an investment in the company.
  2. Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for PDMJEPAPER's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.
  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Indian stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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