A Look At The Intrinsic Value Of HNA Technology Investments Holdings Limited (HKG:2086)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
September 06, 2021
SEHK:2086
Source: Shutterstock

How far off is HNA Technology Investments Holdings Limited (HKG:2086) from its intrinsic value? Using the most recent financial data, we'll take a look at whether the stock is fairly priced by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. The Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model is the tool we will apply to do this. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple!

Companies can be valued in a lot of ways, so we would point out that a DCF is not perfect for every situation. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

View our latest analysis for HNA Technology Investments Holdings

Crunching the numbers

We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (HK$, Millions) HK$13.5m HK$14.1m HK$14.6m HK$15.1m HK$15.4m HK$15.8m HK$16.1m HK$16.4m HK$16.7m HK$17.0m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ 6.05% Est @ 4.68% Est @ 3.72% Est @ 3.05% Est @ 2.58% Est @ 2.25% Est @ 2.02% Est @ 1.86% Est @ 1.74% Est @ 1.66%
Present Value (HK$, Millions) Discounted @ 7.4% HK$12.5 HK$12.2 HK$11.8 HK$11.3 HK$10.8 HK$10.3 HK$9.8 HK$9.3 HK$8.8 HK$8.3

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = HK$105m

After calculating the present value of future cash flows in the initial 10-year period, we need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all future cash flows beyond the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 1.5%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 7.4%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = HK$17m× (1 + 1.5%) ÷ (7.4%– 1.5%) = HK$292m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= HK$292m÷ ( 1 + 7.4%)10= HK$143m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is HK$248m. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of HK$0.8, the company appears about fair value at a 3.5% discount to where the stock price trades currently. The assumptions in any calculation have a big impact on the valuation, so it is better to view this as a rough estimate, not precise down to the last cent.

dcf
SEHK:2086 Discounted Cash Flow September 6th 2021

Important assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at HNA Technology Investments Holdings as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 7.4%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.110. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Looking Ahead:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. For HNA Technology Investments Holdings, we've put together three relevant elements you should further research:

  1. Risks: To that end, you should learn about the 3 warning signs we've spotted with HNA Technology Investments Holdings (including 1 which can't be ignored) .
  2. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!
  3. Other Top Analyst Picks: Interested to see what the analysts are thinking? Take a look at our interactive list of analysts' top stock picks to find out what they feel might have an attractive future outlook!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the SEHK every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

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