Stock Analysis

# Calculating The Intrinsic Value Of Haleon plc (LON:HLN)

### Key Insights

• Using the 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity, Haleon fair value estimate is UK£2.93
• Haleon's UK£3.29 share price indicates it is trading at similar levels as its fair value estimate
• The UK£3.60 analyst price target for HLN is 23% more than our estimate of fair value

How far off is Haleon plc (LON:HLN) from its intrinsic value? Using the most recent financial data, we'll take a look at whether the stock is fairly priced by taking the forecast future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to today's value. The Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model is the tool we will apply to do this. Don't get put off by the jargon, the math behind it is actually quite straightforward.

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. Anyone interested in learning a bit more about intrinsic value should have a read of the Simply Wall St analysis model.

See our latest analysis for Haleon

## Step By Step Through The Calculation

We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second 'steady growth' period. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

#### 10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 Levered FCF (£, Millions) UK£1.57b UK£1.86b UK£1.95b UK£2.02b UK£2.07b UK£2.13b UK£2.17b UK£2.21b UK£2.26b UK£2.29b Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x6 Analyst x6 Analyst x2 Est @ 3.42% Est @ 2.85% Est @ 2.45% Est @ 2.17% Est @ 1.98% Est @ 1.84% Est @ 1.74% Present Value (£, Millions) Discounted @ 8.7% UK£1.4k UK£1.6k UK£1.5k UK£1.4k UK£1.4k UK£1.3k UK£1.2k UK£1.1k UK£1.1k UK£995

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = UK£13b

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 1.5%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 8.7%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2033 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = UK£2.3b× (1 + 1.5%) ÷ (8.7%– 1.5%) = UK£32b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= UK£32b÷ ( 1 + 8.7%)10= UK£14b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is UK£27b. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of UK£3.3, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

## The Assumptions

We would point out that the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate and of course the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Haleon as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 8.7%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.218. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

### SWOT Analysis for Haleon

Strength
• Debt is well covered by earnings and cashflows.
Weakness
• Earnings declined over the past year.
• Dividend is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the Personal Products market.
• Expensive based on P/E ratio and estimated fair value.
Opportunity
• Annual earnings are forecast to grow faster than the British market.
Threat
• Revenue is forecast to grow slower than 20% per year.

## Next Steps:

Valuation is only one side of the coin in terms of building your investment thesis, and it shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For Haleon, we've put together three additional items you should assess:

1. Risks: We feel that you should assess the 2 warning signs for Haleon we've flagged before making an investment in the company.
2. Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for HLN's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.
3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the LSE every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

### Valuation is complex, but we're helping make it simple.

Find out whether Haleon is potentially over or undervalued by checking out our comprehensive analysis, which includes fair value estimates, risks and warnings, dividends, insider transactions and financial health.

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This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.