Stock Analysis

Estimating The Intrinsic Value Of GWA Group Limited (ASX:GWA)

  •  Updated
ASX:GWA
Source: Shutterstock

How far off is GWA Group Limited (ASX:GWA) from its intrinsic value? Using the most recent financial data, we'll take a look at whether the stock is fairly priced by projecting its future cash flows and then discounting them to today's value. The Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model is the tool we will apply to do this. Don't get put off by the jargon, the math behind it is actually quite straightforward.

We generally believe that a company's value is the present value of all of the cash it will generate in the future. However, a DCF is just one valuation metric among many, and it is not without flaws. For those who are keen learners of equity analysis, the Simply Wall St analysis model here may be something of interest to you.

View our latest analysis for GWA Group

The model

We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029
Levered FCF (A$, Millions) AU$49.2m AU$55.8m AU$57.2m AU$58.5m AU$59.8m AU$61.1m AU$62.5m AU$63.9m AU$65.4m AU$66.8m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x4 Analyst x4 Analyst x3 Est @ 2.23% Est @ 2.24% Est @ 2.25% Est @ 2.25% Est @ 2.25% Est @ 2.26% Est @ 2.26%
Present Value (A$, Millions) Discounted @ 9.9% AU$44.8 AU$46.2 AU$43.1 AU$40.1 AU$37.3 AU$34.7 AU$32.3 AU$30.0 AU$27.9 AU$26.0

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = AU$362m

After calculating the present value of future cash flows in the initial 10-year period, we need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all future cash flows beyond the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 2.3%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 9.9%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2029 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = AU$67m× (1 + 2.3%) ÷ (9.9%– 2.3%) = AU$893m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= AU$893m÷ ( 1 + 9.9%)10= AU$347m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is AU$709m. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of AU$3.1, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

ASX:GWA Discounted Cash Flow June 25th 2020
ASX:GWA Discounted Cash Flow June 25th 2020

The assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at GWA Group as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 9.9%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.273. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Looking Ahead:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation ideally won't be the sole piece of analysis you scrutinize for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. For GWA Group, we've put together three additional items you should assess:

  1. Risks: Be aware that GWA Group is showing 3 warning signs in our investment analysis , you should know about...
  2. Future Earnings: How does GWA's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.
  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every AU stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

When trading GWA Group or any other investment, use the platform considered by many to be the Professional's Gateway to the Worlds Market, Interactive Brokers. You get the lowest-cost* trading on stocks, options, futures, forex, bonds and funds worldwide from a single integrated account.Promoted


Valuation is complex, but we're helping make it simple.

Find out whether GWA Group is potentially over or undervalued by checking out our comprehensive analysis, which includes fair value estimates, risks and warnings, dividends, insider transactions and financial health.

View the Free Analysis