Stock Analysis Report

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International Business Machines

Executive Summary

International Business Machines Corporation operates as an integrated solutions and services company worldwide.

Snowflake Analysis

6 star dividend payer and good value.

Similar Companies

Share Price & News

How has International Business Machines's share price performed over time and what events caused price changes?

Latest Share Price and Events

Stable Share Price: IBM has not had significant price volatility in the past 3 months.

Market Performance

7 Day Return






US Market

1 Year Return






US Market

Return vs Industry: IBM underperformed the US IT industry which returned 15.3% over the past year.

Return vs Market: IBM underperformed the US Market which returned 4.8% over the past year.

Shareholder returns

7 Day0.6%2.4%1.6%
30 Day-5.0%3.7%2.3%
90 Day12.6%42.1%29.5%
1 Year-11.3%-15.4%16.5%15.3%7.1%4.8%
3 Year-10.1%-21.4%102.8%94.5%37.1%28.1%
5 Year-10.1%-26.9%152.7%131.3%67.2%48.6%

Price Volatility Vs. Market

How volatile is International Business Machines's share price compared to the market and industry in the last 5 years?

Simply Wall St News


Is International Business Machines undervalued compared to its fair value and its price relative to the market?


Undervalued compared to fair value

Share Price vs. Fair Value

Below Fair Value: IBM ($119.7) is trading below our estimate of fair value ($170.25)

Significantly Below Fair Value: IBM is trading below fair value by more than 20%.

Price To Earnings Ratio

PE vs Industry: IBM is good value based on its PE Ratio (11.8x) compared to the IT industry average (28.5x).

PE vs Market: IBM is good value based on its PE Ratio (11.8x) compared to the US market (16.5x).

Price to Earnings Growth Ratio

PEG Ratio: IBM is poor value based on its PEG Ratio (1.7x)

Price to Book Ratio

PB vs Industry: IBM is overvalued based on its PB Ratio (5.3x) compared to the US IT industry average (3.5x).

Next Steps

Future Growth

How is International Business Machines forecast to perform in the next 1 to 3 years based on estimates from 17 analysts?


Forecasted annual earnings growth

Earnings and Revenue Growth Forecasts

Analyst Future Growth Forecasts

Earnings vs Savings Rate: IBM's forecast earnings growth (6.9% per year) is above the savings rate (2.2%).

Earnings vs Market: IBM's earnings (6.9% per year) are forecast to grow slower than the US market (22.8% per year).

High Growth Earnings: IBM's earnings are forecast to grow, but not significantly.

Revenue vs Market: IBM's revenue (1.9% per year) is forecast to grow slower than the US market (9.3% per year).

High Growth Revenue: IBM's revenue (1.9% per year) is forecast to grow slower than 20% per year.

Earnings per Share Growth Forecasts

Future Return on Equity

Future ROE: IBM's Return on Equity is forecast to be very high in 3 years time (44.6%).

Next Steps

Past Performance

How has International Business Machines performed over the past 5 years?


Historical annual earnings growth

Earnings and Revenue History

Quality Earnings: IBM has high quality earnings.

Growing Profit Margin: IBM's current net profit margins (11.8%) are higher than last year (11%).

Past Earnings Growth Analysis

Earnings Trend: IBM's earnings have declined by -15.3% per year over the past 5 years.

Accelerating Growth: IBM's earnings growth over the past year (4.4%) exceeds its 5-year average (-15.3% per year).

Earnings vs Industry: IBM earnings growth over the past year (4.4%) underperformed the IT industry 14.5%.

Return on Equity

High ROE: Whilst IBM's Return on Equity (44.8%) is outstanding, this metric is skewed due to their high level of debt.

Next Steps

Financial Health

How is International Business Machines's financial position?

Financial Position Analysis

Short Term Liabilities: IBM's short term assets ($38.9B) do not cover its short term liabilities ($40.7B).

Long Term Liabilities: IBM's short term assets ($38.9B) do not cover its long term liabilities ($92.6B).

Debt to Equity History and Analysis

Debt Level: IBM's debt to equity ratio (318.4%) is considered high.

Reducing Debt: IBM's debt to equity ratio has increased from 315% to 318.4% over the past 5 years.

Debt Coverage: IBM's debt is well covered by operating cash flow (22.6%).

Interest Coverage: IBM's interest payments on its debt are well covered by EBIT (8.7x coverage).

Balance Sheet

Next Steps


What is International Business Machines's current dividend yield, its reliability and sustainability?


Current Dividend Yield

Dividend Yield vs Market

Notable Dividend: IBM's dividend (5.45%) is higher than the bottom 25% of dividend payers in the US market (1.67%).

High Dividend: IBM's dividend (5.45%) is in the top 25% of dividend payers in the US market (4.51%)

Stability and Growth of Payments

Stable Dividend: IBM's dividends per share have been stable in the past 10 years.

Growing Dividend: IBM's dividend payments have increased over the past 10 years.

Current Payout to Shareholders

Dividend Coverage: With its reasonable payout ratio (63.7%), IBM's dividend payments are covered by earnings.

Future Payout to Shareholders

Future Dividend Coverage: IBM's dividends in 3 years are forecast to be covered by earnings (51.5% payout ratio).

Next Steps


How experienced are the management team and are they aligned to shareholders interests?


Average management tenure


Arvind Krishna (57yo)



Mr. Arvind Krishna serves as Chief Executive Officer at International Business Machines Corporation since 2020 and has been its Director since April 6, 2020. He served as the Senior Vice President of Cloud ...

Leadership Team

Virginia Rometty
Executive Chairman7.75yrsUS$20.16m0.038% $40.1m
James Kavanaugh
Senior VP and CFO of Finance & Operations2.5yrsUS$7.14m0.0087% $9.3m
Michelle Browdy
Senior VP of Legal & Regulatory Affairs and General Counsel5.5yrsUS$5.59m0.0077% $8.2m
John Kelly
Executive Vice President20.5yrsUS$7.72m0.016% $17.0m
Arvind Krishna
CEO & Director0.25yrno data0.0087% $9.3m
James Whitehurst
President0.25yrno datano data
Fletcher Previn
Chief Information Officerno datano datano data
Patricia Murphy
Vice President of Investor Relationsno datano datano data
Kevin Reardon
Vice President of Corporate Developmentno datano datano data
Michelle Peluso
Senior VP of Digital Sales & Chief Marketing Officer1.5yrsno datano data


Average Tenure


Average Age

Experienced Management: IBM's management team is not considered experienced ( 1.5 years average tenure), which suggests a new team.

Board Members

Virginia Rometty
Executive Chairman7.75yrsUS$20.16m0.038% $40.1m
Arvind Krishna
CEO & Director0.25yrno data0.0087% $9.3m
Thomas Rosamilia
Senior VP of IBM Systems & Chairman of North America1.42yrsno datano data
Martin Jetter
Senior VP & Chairman of IBM Europe1.5yrsUS$8.51mno data
Michael Eskew
Independent Lead Directorno dataUS$598.38k0.00068% $722.7k
Sidney Taurel
Independent Director19.5yrsUS$566.54k0.0027% $2.8m
Frederick Waddell
Independent Director2.75yrsUS$353.76k0.00031% $329.5k
Andrew Liveris
Independent Director10.42yrsUS$443.94kno data
Alex Gorsky
Independent Director5.83yrsUS$412.72kno data
Liming Chen
Chairman of Greater China Groupno datano datano data


Average Tenure


Average Age

Experienced Board: IBM's board of directors are considered experienced (4.3 years average tenure).


Who are the major shareholders and have insiders been buying or selling?

Insider Trading Volume

Insider Buying: Insufficient data to determine if insiders have bought more shares than they have sold in the past 3 months.

Recent Insider Transactions

Ownership Breakdown

Dilution of Shares: Shareholders have not been meaningfully diluted in the past year.

Top Shareholders

Company Information

International Business Machines Corporation's company bio, employee growth, exchange listings and data sources

Key Information

  • Name: International Business Machines Corporation
  • Ticker: IBM
  • Exchange: NYSE
  • Founded: 1911
  • Industry: IT Consulting and Other Services
  • Sector: Software
  • Market Cap: US$106.281b
  • Shares outstanding: 887.89m
  • Website: https://www.ibm.com

Number of Employees


  • International Business Machines Corporation
  • One New Orchard Road
  • Armonk
  • New York
  • 10504
  • United States


TickerExchangePrimary SecuritySecurity TypeCountryCurrencyListed on
IBMNYSE (New York Stock Exchange)YesCommon StockUSUSDJan 1968
IBMLSE (London Stock Exchange)YesCommon StockGBUSDJan 1968
IBMBVL (Bolsa de Valores de Lima)YesCommon StockPEUSDJan 1968
IBM *BMV (Bolsa Mexicana de Valores)YesCommon StockMXMXNJan 1968
IBMSWX (SIX Swiss Exchange)YesCommon StockCHCHFJan 1968
IBMDB (Deutsche Boerse AG)YesCommon StockDEEURJan 1968
IBMWBAG (Wiener Boerse AG)YesCommon StockATEURJan 1968
IBMXTRA (XETRA Trading Platform)YesCommon StockDEEURJan 1968
IBMSNSE (Santiago Stock Exchange)YesCommon StockCLUSDJan 1968
IBM-UETLX (Eurotlx)YesCommon StockITEURJan 1968
IBMAENXTBR (Euronext Brussels)YesCommon StockBEUSDJan 1968
IBMBASE (Buenos Aires Stock Exchange)CEDEAR 5 REP 1 COM STK USD0.2ARARSJul 2001
IBMB34BOVESPA (Bolsa de Valores de Sao Paulo)BDR EA REPR 1 COM SHSBRBRLNov 2011


International Business Machines Corporation operates as an integrated solutions and services company worldwide. Its Cloud & Cognitive Software segment offers software for vertical and domain-specific solutions in health, financial services, and Internet of Things (IoT), weather, and security software and services application areas; and customer information control system and storage, and analytics and integration software solutions to support client mission critical on-premise workloads in banking, airline, and retail industries. It also offers middleware and data platform software, including Red Hat, which enables the operation of clients’ hybrid multi-cloud environments; and Cloud Paks, WebSphere distributed, and analytics platform software, such as DB2 distributed, information integration, and enterprise content management, as well as IoT, Blockchain and AI/Watson platforms. The company’s Global Business Services segment offers business consulting services; system integration, application management, maintenance, and support services for packaged software; finance, procurement, talent and engagement, and industry-specific business process outsourcing services; and IT infrastructure and platform services. Its Global Technology Services segment provides project, managed, outsourcing, and cloud-delivered services for enterprise IT infrastructure environments; and IT infrastructure support services. The company’s Systems segment offers servers for businesses, cloud service providers, and scientific computing organizations; data storage products and solutions; and z/OS, an enterprise operating system, as well as Linux. Its Global Financing segment provides lease, installment payment, loan financing, short-term working capital financing, and remanufacturing and remarketing services. The company was formerly known as Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co. and changed its name to International Business Machines Corporation in 1924. The company was founded in 1911 and is headquartered in Armonk, New York. 

Company Analysis and Financial Data Status

All financial data provided by Standard & Poor's Capital IQ.
DataLast Updated (UTC time)
Company Analysis2020/07/02 23:50
End of Day Share Price2020/07/02 00:00
Annual Earnings2019/12/31

Unless specified all financial data is based on a yearly period but updated quarterly. This is known as Trailing Twelve Month (TTM) or Last Twelve Month (LTM) Data. Learn more here.