Is Afry AB (STO:AFRY) Trading At A 41% Discount?

By
Simply Wall St
Published
November 14, 2021
OM:AFRY
Source: Shutterstock

Does the November share price for Afry AB (STO:AFRY) reflect what it's really worth? Today, we will estimate the stock's intrinsic value by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to their present value. The Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model is the tool we will apply to do this. Believe it or not, it's not too difficult to follow, as you'll see from our example!

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

Check out our latest analysis for Afry

Is Afry fairly valued?

We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (SEK, Millions) kr1.65b kr1.84b kr1.97b kr2.07b kr2.15b kr2.21b kr2.25b kr2.29b kr2.31b kr2.33b
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x2 Analyst x2 Est @ 7.21% Est @ 5.15% Est @ 3.7% Est @ 2.69% Est @ 1.98% Est @ 1.49% Est @ 1.14% Est @ 0.9%
Present Value (SEK, Millions) Discounted @ 4.7% kr1.6k kr1.7k kr1.7k kr1.7k kr1.7k kr1.7k kr1.6k kr1.6k kr1.5k kr1.5k

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = kr16b

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 0.3%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 4.7%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = kr2.3b× (1 + 0.3%) ÷ (4.7%– 0.3%) = kr54b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= kr54b÷ ( 1 + 4.7%)10= kr34b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is kr50b. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of kr262, the company appears quite undervalued at a 41% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
OM:AFRY Discounted Cash Flow November 15th 2021

The assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Afry as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 4.7%, which is based on a levered beta of 0.998. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Looking Ahead:

Valuation is only one side of the coin in terms of building your investment thesis, and it shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. Why is the intrinsic value higher than the current share price? For Afry, we've compiled three further factors you should look at:

  1. Risks: Case in point, we've spotted 2 warning signs for Afry you should be aware of.
  2. Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for AFRY's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.
  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Swedish stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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