company background image

International Business MachinesLSE:IBM Stock Report

Last Price


Market Cap







16 Jan, 2022


Company Financials +
IBM fundamental analysis
Snowflake Score
Future Growth4/6
Past Performance0/6
Financial Health3/6

IBM Stock Overview

International Business Machines Corporation provides integrated solutions and services worldwide.

International Business Machines Competitors







Kainos Group






Price History & Performance

Summary of all time highs, changes and price drops for International Business Machines
Historical stock prices
Current Share PriceUS$118.95
52 Week HighUS$152.40
52 Week LowUS$113.90
1 Month Change-0.50%
3 Month Change-20.17%
1 Year Change-7.63%
3 Year Change-27.09%
5 Year Change-29.95%
Change since IPO904.33%

Recent News & Updates

Shareholder Returns


Return vs Industry: IBM underperformed the UK IT industry which returned 10.5% over the past year.

Return vs Market: IBM underperformed the UK Market which returned 8.7% over the past year.

Price Volatility

Is IBM's price volatile compared to industry and market?
IBM volatility
IBM Average Weekly Movement7.9%
IT Industry Average Movement5.5%
Market Average Movement5.0%
10% most volatile stocks in GB Market10.5%
10% least volatile stocks in GB Market2.4%

Stable Share Price: IBM is more volatile than 75% of UK stocks over the past 3 months, typically moving +/- 8% a week.

Volatility Over Time: IBM's weekly volatility (8%) has been stable over the past year, but is still higher than 75% of UK stocks.

About the Company

1911345,900Arvind Krishna

International Business Machines Corporation provides integrated solutions and services worldwide. Its Cloud & Cognitive Software segment offers software for vertical and domain-specific solutions in various application areas; and customer information control system and storage, and analytics and integration software solutions to support client mission on-premise workloads in banking, airline, and retail industries. It offers middleware and data platform software, including Red Hat that enables the operation of clients’ hybrid multi-cloud environments; and Cloud Paks, WebSphere distributed, and analytics platform software, such as DB2 distributed, information integration, and enterprise content management, as well as IoT, Blockchain and AI/Watson platforms.

International Business Machines Fundamentals Summary

Earnings & Revenue

Key profitability statistics from the latest earnings report
IBM income statement (TTM)
Cost of RevenueUS$37.69b
Gross ProfitUS$36.07b

Last Reported Earnings

Sep 30, 2021

Next Earnings Date

Jan 24, 2022

Earnings per share (EPS)5.21
Gross Margin48.44%
Net Profit Margin6.28%
Debt/Equity Ratio242.2%

How did IBM perform over the long term?

See historical performance and comparison



Current Dividend Yield


Payout Ratio


Is International Business Machines undervalued compared to its fair value and its price relative to the market?


Undervalued compared to fair value

Share Price vs. Fair Value

Below Fair Value: IBM ($118.95) is trading below our estimate of fair value ($166.31)

Significantly Below Fair Value: IBM is trading below fair value by more than 20%.

Price To Earnings Ratio

PE vs Industry: IBM is good value based on its PE Ratio (25.7x) compared to the UK IT industry average (40.3x).

PE vs Market: IBM is poor value based on its PE Ratio (25.7x) compared to the UK market (19.5x).

Price to Earnings Growth Ratio

PEG Ratio: IBM is poor value based on its PEG Ratio (1.1x)

Price to Book Ratio

PB vs Industry: IBM is overvalued based on its PB Ratio (5.4x) compared to the GB IT industry average (4.3x).

Future Growth

How is International Business Machines forecast to perform in the next 1 to 3 years based on estimates from 11 analysts?


Forecasted annual earnings growth

Earnings and Revenue Growth Forecasts

Analyst Future Growth Forecasts

Earnings vs Savings Rate: IBM's forecast earnings growth (24.1% per year) is above the savings rate (0.9%).

Earnings vs Market: IBM's earnings (24.1% per year) are forecast to grow faster than the UK market (12.1% per year).

High Growth Earnings: earnings are expected to grow significantly over the next 3 years.

Revenue vs Market: IBM's revenue is expected to decline over the next 3 years (-7.4% per year).

High Growth Revenue: IBM's revenue is forecast to decline over the next 3 years (-7.4% per year).

Earnings per Share Growth Forecasts

Future Return on Equity

Future ROE: IBM's Return on Equity is forecast to be very high in 3 years time (48%).

Past Performance

How has International Business Machines performed over the past 5 years?


Historical annual earnings growth

Earnings and Revenue History

Quality Earnings: IBM has a large one-off loss of $2.2B impacting its September 30 2021 financial results.

Growing Profit Margin: IBM's current net profit margins (6.3%) are lower than last year (10.5%).

Past Earnings Growth Analysis

Earnings Trend: IBM's earnings have declined by 13.2% per year over the past 5 years.

Accelerating Growth: IBM's has had negative earnings growth over the past year, so it can't be compared to its 5-year average.

Earnings vs Industry: IBM had negative earnings growth (-40.8%) over the past year, making it difficult to compare to the IT industry average (26.7%).

Return on Equity

High ROE: Whilst IBM's Return on Equity (20.92%) is high, this metric is skewed due to their high level of debt.

Financial Health

How is International Business Machines's financial position?

Financial Position Analysis

Short Term Liabilities: IBM's short term assets ($30.0B) do not cover its short term liabilities ($35.8B).

Long Term Liabilities: IBM's short term assets ($30.0B) do not cover its long term liabilities ($86.0B).

Debt to Equity History and Analysis

Debt Level: IBM's net debt to equity ratio (206.2%) is considered high.

Reducing Debt: IBM's debt to equity ratio has reduced from 247.4% to 242.2% over the past 5 years.

Debt Coverage: IBM's debt is well covered by operating cash flow (29.8%).

Interest Coverage: IBM's interest payments on its debt are well covered by EBIT (8x coverage).

Balance Sheet


What is International Business Machines's current dividend yield, its reliability and sustainability?


Current Dividend Yield

Dividend Yield vs Market

Notable Dividend: IBM's dividend (4.89%) is higher than the bottom 25% of dividend payers in the UK market (1.39%).

High Dividend: IBM's dividend (4.89%) is in the top 25% of dividend payers in the UK market (4.05%)

Stability and Growth of Payments

Stable Dividend: IBM's dividends per share have been stable in the past 10 years.

Growing Dividend: IBM's dividend payments have increased over the past 10 years.

Current Payout to Shareholders

Dividend Coverage: With its high payout ratio (125.1%), IBM's dividend payments are not well covered by earnings.

Future Payout to Shareholders

Future Dividend Coverage: IBM's dividends in 3 years are forecast to be covered by earnings (62.9% payout ratio).

Next Steps


How experienced are the management team and are they aligned to shareholders interests?


Average management tenure


Arvind Krishna (58 yo)





Mr. Arvind Krishna serves as Chairman of the Board at International Business Machines Corporation since January 1, 2021. He has been Chief Executive Officer and Director of at International Business Machin...

CEO Compensation Analysis

Compensation vs Market: Arvind's total compensation ($USD17.01M) is above average for companies of similar size in the UK market ($USD3.94M).

Compensation vs Earnings: Insufficient data to compare Arvind's compensation with company performance.

Leadership Team

Experienced Management: IBM's management team is not considered experienced ( 1.5 years average tenure), which suggests a new team.

Board Members

Experienced Board: IBM's board of directors are considered experienced (8.6 years average tenure).


Who are the major shareholders and have insiders been buying or selling?

Insider Trading Volume

Insider Buying: IBM insiders have bought more shares than they have sold in the past 3 months.

Recent Insider Transactions

Ownership Breakdown

Dilution of Shares: Shareholders have not been meaningfully diluted in the past year.

Top Shareholders

Company Information

International Business Machines Corporation's employee growth, exchange listings and data sources

Key Information

  • Name: International Business Machines Corporation
  • Ticker: IBM
  • Exchange: LSE
  • Founded: 1911
  • Industry: IT Consulting and Other Services
  • Sector: Software
  • Implied Market Cap: US$120.360b
  • Shares outstanding: 896.80m
  • Website:

Number of Employees


  • International Business Machines Corporation
  • One New Orchard Road
  • Armonk
  • New York
  • 10504
  • United States


Company Analysis and Financial Data Status

All financial data provided by Standard & Poor's Capital IQ.
DataLast Updated (UTC time)
Company Analysis2022/01/16 18:52
End of Day Share Price2022/01/14 00:00
Annual Earnings2020/12/31

Unless specified all financial data is based on a yearly period but updated quarterly. This is known as Trailing Twelve Month (TTM) or Last Twelve Month (LTM) Data. Learn more here.