Calculating The Fair Value Of Ag Growth International Inc. (TSE:AFN)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
January 15, 2021
TSX:AFN
Source: Shutterstock

Today we'll do a simple run through of a valuation method used to estimate the attractiveness of Ag Growth International Inc. (TSE:AFN) as an investment opportunity by taking the forecast future cash flows of the company and discounting them back to today's value. We will take advantage of the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model for this purpose. It may sound complicated, but actually it is quite simple!

We would caution that there are many ways of valuing a company and, like the DCF, each technique has advantages and disadvantages in certain scenarios. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

View our latest analysis for Ag Growth International

The calculation

We are going to use a two-stage DCF model, which, as the name states, takes into account two stages of growth. The first stage is generally a higher growth period which levels off heading towards the terminal value, captured in the second 'steady growth' period. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, so we discount the value of these future cash flows to their estimated value in today's dollars:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030
Levered FCF (CA$, Millions) CA$73.1m CA$65.6m CA$61.4m CA$58.9m CA$57.4m CA$56.8m CA$56.5m CA$56.6m CA$57.0m CA$57.5m
Growth Rate Estimate Source Analyst x3 Analyst x2 Est @ -6.48% Est @ -4.07% Est @ -2.39% Est @ -1.21% Est @ -0.39% Est @ 0.19% Est @ 0.6% Est @ 0.88%
Present Value (CA$, Millions) Discounted @ 10% CA$66.3 CA$54.0 CA$45.8 CA$39.8 CA$35.3 CA$31.6 CA$28.5 CA$25.9 CA$23.7 CA$21.7

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = CA$372m

After calculating the present value of future cash flows in the initial 10-year period, we need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all future cash flows beyond the first stage. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (1.5%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 10%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2030 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = CA$57m× (1 + 1.5%) ÷ (10%– 1.5%) = CA$670m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= CA$670m÷ ( 1 + 10%)10= CA$252m

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is CA$624m. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of CA$40.0, the company appears around fair value at the time of writing. Remember though, that this is just an approximate valuation, and like any complex formula - garbage in, garbage out.

dcf
TSX:AFN Discounted Cash Flow January 16th 2021

The assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Ag Growth International as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 10%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.666. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Next Steps:

Although the valuation of a company is important, it shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. For Ag Growth International, there are three fundamental aspects you should further research:

  1. Risks: For instance, we've identified 3 warning signs for Ag Growth International (1 is significant) you should be aware of.
  2. Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for AFN's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.
  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Canadian stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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