Estimating The Intrinsic Value Of D B Realty Limited (NSE:DBREALTY)

By
Simply Wall St
Published
November 22, 2021
NSEI:DBREALTY
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In this article we are going to estimate the intrinsic value of D B Realty Limited (NSE:DBREALTY) by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to today's value. We will take advantage of the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model for this purpose. There's really not all that much to it, even though it might appear quite complex.

Remember though, that there are many ways to estimate a company's value, and a DCF is just one method. For those who are keen learners of equity analysis, the Simply Wall St analysis model here may be something of interest to you.

View our latest analysis for D B Realty

Crunching the numbers

We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

Generally we assume that a dollar today is more valuable than a dollar in the future, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031
Levered FCF (₹, Millions) ₹1.09b ₹1.22b ₹1.35b ₹1.48b ₹1.60b ₹1.73b ₹1.87b ₹2.00b ₹2.15b ₹2.30b
Growth Rate Estimate Source Est @ 14.47% Est @ 12.15% Est @ 10.53% Est @ 9.39% Est @ 8.6% Est @ 8.04% Est @ 7.65% Est @ 7.38% Est @ 7.19% Est @ 7.05%
Present Value (₹, Millions) Discounted @ 19% ₹914 ₹860 ₹798 ₹732 ₹667 ₹604 ₹546 ₹492 ₹442 ₹397

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = ₹6.5b

After calculating the present value of future cash flows in the initial 10-year period, we need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all future cash flows beyond the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 6.7%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 19%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2031 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = ₹2.3b× (1 + 6.7%) ÷ (19%– 6.7%) = ₹20b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= ₹20b÷ ( 1 + 19%)10= ₹3.4b

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is ₹9.9b. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of ₹38.3, the company appears about fair value at a 5.2% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
NSEI:DBREALTY Discounted Cash Flow November 23rd 2021

Important assumptions

We would point out that the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate and of course the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at D B Realty as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 19%, which is based on a levered beta of 2.000. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

Looking Ahead:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. DCF models are not the be-all and end-all of investment valuation. Preferably you'd apply different cases and assumptions and see how they would impact the company's valuation. If a company grows at a different rate, or if its cost of equity or risk free rate changes sharply, the output can look very different. For D B Realty, we've put together three fundamental factors you should further research:

  1. Risks: Every company has them, and we've spotted 3 warning signs for D B Realty (of which 1 is a bit unpleasant!) you should know about.
  2. Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for DBREALTY's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.
  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Indian stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

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