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Norfolk Southern NYSE:NSC Stock Report

Last Price


Market Cap







12 Aug, 2022


Company Financials +
NSC fundamental analysis
Snowflake Score
Future Growth2/6
Past Performance2/6
Financial Health3/6

NSC Stock Overview

Norfolk Southern Corporation, together with its subsidiaries, engages in the rail transportation of raw materials, intermediate products, and finished goods in the United States.

Norfolk Southern Competitors

Price History & Performance

Summary of all time highs, changes and price drops for Norfolk Southern
Historical stock prices
Current Share PriceUS$261.84
52 Week HighUS$299.20
52 Week LowUS$217.00
1 Month Change18.23%
3 Month Change5.02%
1 Year Change-2.63%
3 Year Change51.35%
5 Year Change120.72%
Change since IPO1,781.49%

Recent News & Updates

Aug 04
Norfolk Southern (NYSE:NSC) Is Looking To Continue Growing Its Returns On Capital

Norfolk Southern (NYSE:NSC) Is Looking To Continue Growing Its Returns On Capital

If you're not sure where to start when looking for the next multi-bagger, there are a few key trends you should keep an...

Jul 26

Norfolk Southern Q2 2022 Earnings Preview

Norfolk Southern (NYSE:NSC) is scheduled to announce Q2 earnings results on Wednesday, July 27th, before market open. The consensus EPS Estimate is $3.47 (+5.8% Y/Y) and the consensus Revenue Estimate is $3.14B (+12.1% Y/Y). Over the last 1 year, NSC has beaten EPS estimates 100% of the time and has beaten revenue estimates 50% of the time. Over the last 3 months, EPS estimates have seen 9 upward revisions and 10 downward. Revenue estimates have seen 10 upward revisions and 5 downward. Recent earnings Analysis from our contributors:Norfolk Southern: Upcoming Earnings And An Industry Breakdown

Jul 22
What Does Norfolk Southern Corporation's (NYSE:NSC) Share Price Indicate?

What Does Norfolk Southern Corporation's (NYSE:NSC) Share Price Indicate?

Let's talk about the popular Norfolk Southern Corporation ( NYSE:NSC ). The company's shares received a lot of...

Shareholder Returns

NSCUS TransportationUS Market

Return vs Industry: NSC exceeded the US Transportation industry which returned -14.7% over the past year.

Return vs Market: NSC exceeded the US Market which returned -11.7% over the past year.

Price Volatility

Is NSC's price volatile compared to industry and market?
NSC volatility
NSC Average Weekly Movement3.9%
Transportation Industry Average Movement8.6%
Market Average Movement7.7%
10% most volatile stocks in US Market16.9%
10% least volatile stocks in US Market3.2%

Stable Share Price: NSC is less volatile than 75% of US stocks over the past 3 months, typically moving +/- 4% a week.

Volatility Over Time: NSC's weekly volatility (4%) has been stable over the past year.

About the Company

198018,100Alan Shaw

Norfolk Southern Corporation, together with its subsidiaries, engages in the rail transportation of raw materials, intermediate products, and finished goods in the United States. The company transports agriculture, forest, and consumer products comprising soybeans, wheat, corn, fertilizers, livestock and poultry feed, food products, food oils, flour, sweeteners, ethanol, lumber and wood products, pulp board and paper products, wood fibers, wood pulp, scrap paper, beverages, canned goods, and consumer products; chemicals consist of sulfur and related chemicals, petroleum products, chlorine and bleaching compounds, plastics, rubber, industrial chemicals, chemical wastes, and sand; metals and construction materials, such as steel, aluminum products, machinery, scrap metals, cement, aggregates, minerals, clay, transportation equipment, and military-related products; and automotive, including finished motor vehicles and automotive parts, as well as coal. It also transports overseas freight through various Atlantic and Gulf Coast ports; and provides commuter rail passenger transportation services and operates an intermodal network.

Norfolk Southern Fundamentals Summary

How do Norfolk Southern's earnings and revenue compare to its market cap?
NSC fundamental statistics
Market CapUS$61.50b
Earnings (TTM)US$3.03b
Revenue (TTM)US$11.87b


P/E Ratio


P/S Ratio

Earnings & Revenue

Key profitability statistics from the latest earnings report
NSC income statement (TTM)
Cost of RevenueUS$5.93b
Gross ProfitUS$5.94b
Other ExpensesUS$2.91b

Last Reported Earnings

Jun 30, 2022

Next Earnings Date


Earnings per share (EPS)12.91
Gross Margin50.03%
Net Profit Margin25.55%
Debt/Equity Ratio118.5%

How did NSC perform over the long term?

See historical performance and comparison



Current Dividend Yield


Payout Ratio
We’ve recently updated our valuation analysis.


Is NSC undervalued compared to its fair value, analyst forecasts and its price relative to the market?

Valuation Score


Valuation Score 2/6

  • Price-To-Earnings vs Peers

  • Price-To-Earnings vs Industry

  • Price-To-Earnings vs Fair Ratio

  • Below Fair Value

  • Significantly Below Fair Value

  • Analyst Forecast

Key Valuation Metric

Which metric is best to use when looking at relative valuation for NSC?

Other financial metrics that can be useful for relative valuation.

NSC key valuation metrics and ratios. From Price to Earnings, Price to Sales and Price to Book to Price to Earnings Growth Ratio, Enterprise Value and EBITDA.
Key Statistics
Enterprise Value/Revenue6.4x
Enterprise Value/EBITDA12.8x
PEG Ratio3.6x

Price to Earnings Ratio vs Peers

How does NSC's PE Ratio compare to its peers?

NSC PE Ratio vs Peers
The above table shows the PE ratio for NSC vs its peers. Here we also display the market cap and forecasted growth for additional consideration.
CompanyPEEstimated GrowthMarket Cap
Peer Average21.1x
UNP Union Pacific
ODFL Old Dominion Freight Line
NSC Norfolk Southern

Price-To-Earnings vs Peers: NSC is good value based on its Price-To-Earnings Ratio (20.3x) compared to the peer average (21.1x).

Price to Earnings Ratio vs Industry

How does NSC's PE Ratio compare vs other companies in the US Transportation Industry?

Price-To-Earnings vs Industry: NSC is expensive based on its Price-To-Earnings Ratio (20.3x) compared to the US Transportation industry average (9.9x)

Price to Earnings Ratio vs Fair Ratio

What is NSC's PE Ratio compared to its Fair PE Ratio? This is the expected PE Ratio taking into account the company's forecast earnings growth, profit margins and other risk factors.

NSC PE Ratio vs Fair Ratio.
Fair Ratio
Current PE Ratio20.3x
Fair PE Ratio18.7x

Price-To-Earnings vs Fair Ratio: NSC is expensive based on its Price-To-Earnings Ratio (20.3x) compared to the estimated Fair Price-To-Earnings Ratio (18.7x).

Share Price vs Fair Value

What is the Fair Price of NSC when looking at its future cash flows? For this estimate we use a Discounted Cash Flow model.

Below Fair Value: NSC ($261.84) is trading below our estimate of fair value ($263.02)

Significantly Below Fair Value: NSC is trading below fair value, but not by a significant amount.

Analyst Price Targets

What is the analyst 12-month forecast and do we have any statistical confidence in the consensus price target?

Analyst Forecast: Target price is less than 20% higher than the current share price.

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Future Growth

How is Norfolk Southern forecast to perform in the next 1 to 3 years based on estimates from 22 analysts?

Future Growth Score


Future Growth Score 2/6

  • Earnings vs Savings Rate

  • Earnings vs Market

  • High Growth Earnings

  • Revenue vs Market

  • High Growth Revenue

  • Future ROE


Forecasted annual earnings growth

Earnings and Revenue Growth Forecasts

Analyst Future Growth Forecasts

Earnings vs Savings Rate: NSC's forecast earnings growth (5.7% per year) is above the savings rate (1.9%).

Earnings vs Market: NSC's earnings (5.7% per year) are forecast to grow slower than the US market (14.4% per year).

High Growth Earnings: NSC's earnings are forecast to grow, but not significantly.

Revenue vs Market: NSC's revenue (3.2% per year) is forecast to grow slower than the US market (7.9% per year).

High Growth Revenue: NSC's revenue (3.2% per year) is forecast to grow slower than 20% per year.

Earnings per Share Growth Forecasts

Future Return on Equity

Future ROE: NSC's Return on Equity is forecast to be high in 3 years time (25.3%)

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Past Performance

How has Norfolk Southern performed over the past 5 years?

Past Performance Score


Past Performance Score 2/6

  • Quality Earnings

  • Growing Profit Margin

  • Earnings Trend

  • Accelerating Growth

  • Earnings vs Industry

  • High ROE


Historical annual earnings growth

Earnings and Revenue History

Quality Earnings: NSC has high quality earnings.

Growing Profit Margin: NSC's current net profit margins (25.6%) are lower than last year (25.9%).

Past Earnings Growth Analysis

Earnings Trend: NSC's earnings have declined by 9.5% per year over the past 5 years.

Accelerating Growth: NSC's earnings growth over the past year (11.1%) exceeds its 5-year average (-9.5% per year).

Earnings vs Industry: NSC earnings growth over the past year (11.1%) underperformed the Transportation industry 62.5%.

Return on Equity

High ROE: Whilst NSC's Return on Equity (23.07%) is high, this metric is skewed due to their high level of debt.

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Financial Health

How is Norfolk Southern's financial position?

Financial Health Score


Financial Health Score 3/6

  • Short Term Liabilities

  • Long Term Liabilities

  • Debt Level

  • Reducing Debt

  • Debt Coverage

  • Interest Coverage

Financial Position Analysis

Short Term Liabilities: NSC's short term assets ($2.9B) exceed its short term liabilities ($2.6B).

Long Term Liabilities: NSC's short term assets ($2.9B) do not cover its long term liabilities ($23.6B).

Debt to Equity History and Analysis

Debt Level: NSC's net debt to equity ratio (108.9%) is considered high.

Reducing Debt: NSC's debt to equity ratio has increased from 80.2% to 118.5% over the past 5 years.

Debt Coverage: NSC's debt is well covered by operating cash flow (26.7%).

Interest Coverage: NSC's interest payments on its debt are well covered by EBIT (7.1x coverage).

Balance Sheet

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What is Norfolk Southern current dividend yield, its reliability and sustainability?

Dividend Score


Dividend Score 5/6

  • Notable Dividend

  • High Dividend

  • Stable Dividend

  • Growing Dividend

  • Earnings Coverage

  • Cash Flow Coverage


Current Dividend Yield

Dividend Yield vs Market

Notable Dividend: NSC's dividend (1.89%) is higher than the bottom 25% of dividend payers in the US market (1.49%).

High Dividend: NSC's dividend (1.89%) is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the US market (4%).

Stability and Growth of Payments

Stable Dividend: NSC's dividends per share have been stable in the past 10 years.

Growing Dividend: NSC's dividend payments have increased over the past 10 years.

Earnings Payout to Shareholders

Earnings Coverage: With its reasonably low payout ratio (37%), NSC's dividend payments are well covered by earnings.

Cash Payout to Shareholders

Cash Flow Coverage: With its reasonably low cash payout ratio (46.8%), NSC's dividend payments are well covered by cash flows.

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How experienced are the management team and are they aligned to shareholders interests?


Average management tenure


Alan Shaw (54 yo)





Mr. Alan H. Shaw has been President at Norfolk Southern Corporation since December 02, 2021 and serves as its Chief Executive Officer and Director since May 01, 2022. He was Chief Marketing Officer and Exe...

CEO Compensation Analysis

Compensation vs Market: Alan's total compensation ($USD4.36M) is below average for companies of similar size in the US market ($USD12.88M).

Compensation vs Earnings: Alan's compensation has been consistent with company performance over the past year.

Leadership Team

Experienced Management: NSC's management team is not considered experienced ( 1.9 years average tenure), which suggests a new team.

Board Members

Experienced Board: NSC's board of directors are considered experienced (7.2 years average tenure).


Who are the major shareholders and have insiders been buying or selling?

Insider Trading Volume

Insider Buying: Insufficient data to determine if insiders have bought more shares than they have sold in the past 3 months.

Recent Insider Transactions

Ownership Breakdown

Dilution of Shares: Shareholders have not been meaningfully diluted in the past year.

Top Shareholders

Company Information

Norfolk Southern Corporation's employee growth, exchange listings and data sources

Key Information

  • Name: Norfolk Southern Corporation
  • Ticker: NSC
  • Exchange: NYSE
  • Founded: 1980
  • Industry: Railroads
  • Sector: Transportation
  • Implied Market Cap: US$61.499b
  • Shares outstanding: 234.87m
  • Website:

Number of Employees


  • Norfolk Southern Corporation
  • 650 West Peachtree Street NW
  • Atlanta
  • Georgia
  • 30308-1925
  • United States


Company Analysis and Financial Data Status

All financial data provided by Standard & Poor's Capital IQ.
DataLast Updated (UTC time)
Company Analysis2022/08/12 00:00
End of Day Share Price2022/08/12 00:00
Annual Earnings2021/12/31

Unless specified all financial data is based on a yearly period but updated quarterly. This is known as Trailing Twelve Month (TTM) or Last Twelve Month (LTM) Data. Learn more here.