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Research Frontiers NasdaqCM:REFR Stock Report

Last Price


Market Cap







19 May, 2022


Company Financials
REFR fundamental analysis
Snowflake Score
Future Growth0/6
Past Performance0/6
Financial Health6/6

REFR Stock Overview

Research Frontiers Incorporated develops and markets technology and devices to control the flow of light worldwide.

Research Frontiers Competitors

Price History & Performance

Summary of all time highs, changes and price drops for Research Frontiers
Historical stock prices
Current Share PriceUS$1.60
52 Week HighUS$3.18
52 Week LowUS$1.34
1 Month Change-19.04%
3 Month Change-11.39%
1 Year Change-25.12%
3 Year Change-51.22%
5 Year Change38.70%
Change since IPO-60.78%

Recent News & Updates

Shareholder Returns

REFRUS ElectronicUS Market

Return vs Industry: REFR underperformed the US Electronic industry which returned -13.5% over the past year.

Return vs Market: REFR underperformed the US Market which returned -11.5% over the past year.

Price Volatility

Is REFR's price volatile compared to industry and market?
REFR volatility
REFR Average Weekly Movement11.8%
Electronic Industry Average Movement7.8%
Market Average Movement8.0%
10% most volatile stocks in US Market17.0%
10% least volatile stocks in US Market3.0%

Stable Share Price: REFR is not significantly more volatile than the rest of US stocks over the past 3 months, typically moving +/- 12% a week.

Volatility Over Time: REFR's weekly volatility (12%) has been stable over the past year.

About the Company

19656Joe Harary

Research Frontiers Incorporated develops and markets technology and devices to control the flow of light worldwide. The company develops and licenses suspended particle device (SPD-Smart) light-control technology to companies that manufacture and market the SPD-Smart chemical emulsion, light-control film made from the chemical emulsion, the light-control panels made by laminating the film, and electronics to power end-products incorporating the film, as well as lamination services for and the end-products, such as windows, skylights, and sunroofs. Its SPD-Smart light-control technology is used in various product applications, including windows, sunshades, skylights, and interior partitions for homes and buildings; automotive windows, sunroofs, sun-visors, sunshades, rear-view mirrors, instrument panels, and navigation systems; aircraft windows; museum display panels, and eyewear products; and flat panel displays for electronic products.

Research Frontiers Fundamentals Summary

How do Research Frontiers's earnings and revenue compare to its market cap?
REFR fundamental statistics
Market CapUS$51.91m
Earnings (TTM)-US$1.92m
Revenue (TTM)US$1.22m


P/S Ratio


P/E Ratio

Earnings & Revenue

Key profitability statistics from the latest earnings report
REFR income statement (TTM)
Cost of RevenueUS$2.50m
Gross Profit-US$1.27m
Other ExpensesUS$644.18k

Last Reported Earnings

Mar 31, 2022

Next Earnings Date


Earnings per share (EPS)-0.061
Gross Margin-104.04%
Net Profit Margin-156.68%
Debt/Equity Ratio0%

How did REFR perform over the long term?

See historical performance and comparison


Is Research Frontiers undervalued compared to its fair value and its price relative to the market?

Valuation Score


Valuation Score 0/6

  • Below Fair Value

  • Significantly Below Fair Value

  • PE vs Industry

  • PE vs Market

  • PEG Ratio

  • PB vs Industry


Price to Book (PB) ratio

Share Price vs. Fair Value

Below Fair Value: Insufficient data to calculate REFR's fair value for valuation analysis.

Significantly Below Fair Value: Insufficient data to calculate REFR's fair value for valuation analysis.

Price To Earnings Ratio

PE vs Industry: REFR is unprofitable, so we can't compare its PE Ratio to the US Electronic industry average.

PE vs Market: REFR is unprofitable, so we can't compare its PE Ratio to the US market.

Price to Earnings Growth Ratio

PEG Ratio: Insufficient data to calculate REFR's PEG Ratio to determine if it is good value.

Price to Book Ratio

PB vs Industry: REFR is overvalued based on its PB Ratio (16x) compared to the US Electronic industry average (1.8x).

Future Growth

How is Research Frontiers forecast to perform in the next 1 to 3 years based on estimates from 0 analysts?

Future Growth Score


Future Growth Score 0/6

  • Earnings vs Savings Rate

  • Earnings vs Market

  • High Growth Earnings

  • Revenue vs Market

  • High Growth Revenue

  • Future ROE


Forecasted Tech industry annual growth in earnings

In this section we usually present revenue and earnings growth projections based on the consensus estimates of professional analysts to help investors understand the company’s ability to generate profit. But as Research Frontiers has not provided enough past data and has no analyst forecast, its future earnings cannot be reliably calculated by extrapolating past data or using analyst predictions.

This is quite a rare situation as 97% of companies covered by SimplyWall St do have past financial data.

Past Performance

How has Research Frontiers performed over the past 5 years?

Past Performance Score


Past Performance Score 0/6

  • Quality Earnings

  • Growing Profit Margin

  • Earnings Trend

  • Accelerating Growth

  • Earnings vs Industry

  • High ROE


Historical annual earnings growth

Earnings and Revenue History

Quality Earnings: REFR is currently unprofitable.

Growing Profit Margin: REFR is currently unprofitable.

Past Earnings Growth Analysis

Earnings Trend: REFR is unprofitable, but has reduced losses over the past 5 years at a rate of 7.9% per year.

Accelerating Growth: Unable to compare REFR's earnings growth over the past year to its 5-year average as it is currently unprofitable

Earnings vs Industry: REFR is unprofitable, making it difficult to compare its past year earnings growth to the Electronic industry (34.8%).

Return on Equity

High ROE: REFR has a negative Return on Equity (-60.76%), as it is currently unprofitable.

Financial Health

How is Research Frontiers's financial position?

Financial Health Score


Financial Health Score 6/6

  • Short Term Liabilities

  • Long Term Liabilities

  • Debt Level

  • Reducing Debt

  • Stable Cash Runway

  • Forecast Cash Runway

Financial Position Analysis

Short Term Liabilities: REFR's short term assets ($3.3M) exceed its short term liabilities ($287.7K).

Long Term Liabilities: REFR's short term assets ($3.3M) exceed its long term liabilities ($416.6K).

Debt to Equity History and Analysis

Debt Level: REFR is debt free.

Reducing Debt: REFR had no debt 5 years ago.

Balance Sheet

Cash Runway Analysis

For companies that have on average been loss making in the past we assess whether they have at least 1 year of cash runway.

Stable Cash Runway: REFR has sufficient cash runway for more than a year based on its current free cash flow.

Forecast Cash Runway: REFR has sufficient cash runway for 1.3 years if free cash flow continues to grow at historical rates of 9.5% each year.


What is Research Frontiers's current dividend yield, its reliability and sustainability?

Dividend Score


Dividend Score 0/6

  • Notable Dividend

  • High Dividend

  • Stable Dividend

  • Growing Dividend

  • Earnings Coverage

  • Future Dividend Coverage

Dividend Yield vs Market

Notable Dividend: Unable to evaluate REFR's dividend yield against the bottom 25% of dividend payers, as the company has not reported any recent payouts.

High Dividend: Unable to evaluate REFR's dividend yield against the top 25% of dividend payers, as the company has not reported any recent payouts.

Stability and Growth of Payments

Stable Dividend: Insufficient data to determine if REFR's dividends per share have been stable in the past.

Growing Dividend: Insufficient data to determine if REFR's dividend payments have been increasing.

Earnings Payout to Shareholders

Earnings Coverage: Insufficient data to calculate payout ratio to determine if its dividend payments are covered by earnings.

Cash Payout to Shareholders

Cash Flow Coverage: Unable to calculate sustainability of dividends as REFR has not reported any payouts.

Discover strong dividend paying companies


How experienced are the management team and are they aligned to shareholders interests?


Average board tenure


Joe Harary (60 yo)





Mr. Joseph M. Harary is also known as Joe, joined Research Frontiers Incorporated as its Vice President and General Counsel in April 1992 and has been a director of the Company since February 1993. He had...

CEO Compensation Analysis

Compensation vs Market: Joe's total compensation ($USD669.10K) is about average for companies of similar size in the US market ($USD770.27K).

Compensation vs Earnings: Joe's compensation has been consistent with company performance over the past year.

Board Members

Experienced Board: REFR's board of directors are considered experienced (9.9 years average tenure).


Who are the major shareholders and have insiders been buying or selling?

Insider Trading Volume

Insider Buying: Insufficient data to determine if insiders have bought more shares than they have sold in the past 3 months.

Ownership Breakdown

Dilution of Shares: Shareholders have not been meaningfully diluted in the past year.

Top Shareholders

Company Information

Research Frontiers Incorporated's employee growth, exchange listings and data sources

Key Information

  • Name: Research Frontiers Incorporated
  • Ticker: REFR
  • Exchange: NasdaqCM
  • Founded: 1965
  • Industry: Electronic Equipment and Instruments
  • Sector: Tech
  • Implied Market Cap: US$51.907m
  • Shares outstanding: 31.65m
  • Website:

Number of Employees


  • Research Frontiers Incorporated
  • 240 Crossways Park Drive
  • Woodbury
  • New York
  • 11797-2033
  • United States


Company Analysis and Financial Data Status

All financial data provided by Standard & Poor's Capital IQ.
DataLast Updated (UTC time)
Company Analysis2022/05/19 00:00
End of Day Share Price2022/05/19 00:00
Annual Earnings2021/12/31

Unless specified all financial data is based on a yearly period but updated quarterly. This is known as Trailing Twelve Month (TTM) or Last Twelve Month (LTM) Data. Learn more here.