Stock Analysis Report

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Executive Summary

Caterpillar Inc. manufactures and sells construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines, and industrial gas turbines.

Snowflake Analysis

Established dividend payer and fair value.

Similar Companies

Share Price & News

How has Caterpillar's share price performed over time and what events caused price changes?

Latest Share Price and Events

Stable Share Price: CAT's share price has been volatile over the past 3 months.

Market Performance

7 Day Return




US Machinery


US Market

1 Year Return




US Machinery


US Market

Return vs Industry: CAT exceeded the US Machinery industry which returned 0.5% over the past year.

Return vs Market: CAT matched the US Market which returned 8.9% over the past year.

Shareholder returns

7 Day12.5%9.0%3.8%
30 Day25.9%20.9%11.4%
90 Day11.3%7.2%6.8%
1 Year12.1%8.6%5.5%3.5%12.1%9.7%
3 Year38.1%27.6%18.6%11.0%36.2%27.2%
5 Year79.9%53.8%52.5%34.3%63.7%45.4%

Price Volatility Vs. Market

How volatile is Caterpillar's share price compared to the market and industry in the last 5 years?

Simply Wall St News


Is Caterpillar undervalued compared to its fair value and its price relative to the market?


Undervalued compared to fair value

Share Price vs. Fair Value

Below Fair Value: CAT ($135.12) is trading below our estimate of fair value ($146.17)

Significantly Below Fair Value: CAT is trading below fair value, but not by a significant amount.

Price To Earnings Ratio

PE vs Industry: CAT is good value based on its PE Ratio (14.1x) compared to the Machinery industry average (21.1x).

PE vs Market: CAT is good value based on its PE Ratio (14.1x) compared to the US market (16.4x).

Price to Earnings Growth Ratio

PEG Ratio: CAT is poor value based on its PEG Ratio (1.2x)

Price to Book Ratio

PB vs Industry: CAT is overvalued based on its PB Ratio (5.2x) compared to the US Machinery industry average (2.2x).

Next Steps

Future Growth

How is Caterpillar forecast to perform in the next 1 to 3 years based on estimates from 16 analysts?


Forecasted annual earnings growth

Earnings and Revenue Growth Forecasts

Analyst Future Growth Forecasts

Earnings vs Savings Rate: CAT's forecast earnings growth (12% per year) is above the savings rate (2.2%).

Earnings vs Market: CAT's earnings (12% per year) are forecast to grow slower than the US market (22.3% per year).

High Growth Earnings: CAT's earnings are forecast to grow, but not significantly.

Revenue vs Market: CAT's revenue (5.6% per year) is forecast to grow slower than the US market (8.8% per year).

High Growth Revenue: CAT's revenue (5.6% per year) is forecast to grow slower than 20% per year.

Earnings per Share Growth Forecasts

Future Return on Equity

Future ROE: CAT's Return on Equity is forecast to be high in 3 years time (26.9%)

Next Steps

Past Performance

How has Caterpillar performed over the past 5 years?


Historical annual earnings growth

Earnings and Revenue History

Quality Earnings: CAT has high quality earnings.

Growing Profit Margin: CAT's current net profit margins (10.4%) are lower than last year (11.5%).

Past Earnings Growth Analysis

Earnings Trend: CAT's earnings have grown significantly by 27% per year over the past 5 years.

Accelerating Growth: CAT's has had negative earnings growth over the past year, so it can't be compared to its 5-year average.

Earnings vs Industry: CAT had negative earnings growth (-16.6%) over the past year, making it difficult to compare to the Machinery industry average (-5.7%).

Return on Equity

High ROE: Whilst CAT's Return on Equity (37.24%) is high, this metric is skewed due to their high level of debt.

Next Steps

Financial Health

How is Caterpillar's financial position?

Financial Position Analysis

Short Term Liabilities: CAT's short term assets ($37.6B) exceed its short term liabilities ($26.5B).

Long Term Liabilities: CAT's short term assets ($37.6B) exceed its long term liabilities ($35.1B).

Debt to Equity History and Analysis

Debt Level: CAT's debt to equity ratio (256.3%) is considered high.

Reducing Debt: CAT's debt to equity ratio has increased from 227% to 256.3% over the past 5 years.

Debt Coverage: CAT's debt is not well covered by operating cash flow (19%).

Interest Coverage: CAT's interest payments on its debt are well covered by EBIT (31.6x coverage).

Balance Sheet

Next Steps


What is Caterpillar's current dividend yield, its reliability and sustainability?


Current Dividend Yield

Dividend Yield vs Market

Notable Dividend: CAT's dividend (3.05%) is higher than the bottom 25% of dividend payers in the US market (1.62%).

High Dividend: CAT's dividend (3.05%) is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the US market (4.32%).

Stability and Growth of Payments

Stable Dividend: CAT's dividends per share have been stable in the past 10 years.

Growing Dividend: CAT's dividend payments have increased over the past 10 years.

Current Payout to Shareholders

Dividend Coverage: With its reasonably low payout ratio (43.1%), CAT's dividend payments are well covered by earnings.

Future Payout to Shareholders

Future Dividend Coverage: CAT's dividends in 3 years are forecast to be covered by earnings (65% payout ratio).

Next Steps


How experienced are the management team and are they aligned to shareholders interests?


Average management tenure


Jim Umpleby (61yo)





Mr. D. James Umpleby, III, also known as Jim, has been the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Caterpillar Inc. since January 1, 2017 and December 12, 2018 respectively. Mr. Umpleby is a D ...

CEO Compensation Analysis

Compensation vs Market: Jim's total compensation ($USD34.52M) is above average for companies of similar size in the US market ($USD11.52M).

Compensation vs Earnings: Jim's compensation has increased by more than 20% whilst company earnings have fallen more than 20% in the past year.

Leadership Team

D. Umpleby
Chairman of the Board & CEO3.42yrsUS$34.52m0.016% $11.7m
Andrew R. Bonfield
Chief Financial Officer1.75yrsUS$6.05m0.0014% $1.0m
William Ainsworth
Group President of Energy & Transportation1.25yrsUS$5.54m0.012% $8.7m
Denise Johnson
Group President of Resource Industries4.17yrsUS$5.91m0.0043% $3.1m
Bob De Lange
Group President of Services3.42yrsUS$5.43m0.0050% $3.6m
G. Marvel
Chief Accounting Officer1.25yrsno data0.00029% $212.1k
Karl Weiss
CTO and Vice President of Innovation & Technology Development Division1.08yrsno datano data
Julie Lagacy
VP of Global Information Services (GIS) Division & Chief Information Officer5.42yrsno datano data
Jennifer Driscoll
Director of Investor Relationsno datano datano data
Suzette Long
Chief Legal Officer3.42yrsno data0.0023% $1.7m


Average Tenure


Average Age

Experienced Management: CAT's management team is considered experienced (3.4 years average tenure).

Board Members

D. Umpleby
Chairman of the Board & CEO3.42yrsUS$34.52m0.016% $11.7m
Miles White
Independent Director9.42yrsUS$331.72k0.0016% $1.1m
William Osborn
Independent Director20.42yrsUS$326.69k0.010% $7.4m
Edward Rust
Independent Director17.42yrsUS$334.20k0.0064% $4.7m
David Calhoun
Independent Presiding Director1.5yrsUS$364.48k0.0087% $6.4m
Susan Schwab
Independent Director11yrsUS$316.97k0.0038% $2.8m
Daniel Dickinson
Independent Director14.42yrsUS$351.39k0.0018% $1.3m
Debra Reed-Klages
Independent Director5.42yrsUS$301.97k0.0015% $1.1m
Rayford Wilkins
Independent Director3.42yrsUS$304.97k0.00079% $577.7k
Juan Ignacio Thurlow
Independent Director22.42yrsUS$314.70k0.051% $37.3m


Average Tenure


Average Age

Experienced Board: CAT's board of directors are seasoned and experienced ( 10.2 years average tenure).


Who are the major shareholders and have insiders been buying or selling?

Insider Trading Volume

Insider Buying: Insufficient data to determine if insiders have bought more shares than they have sold in the past 3 months.

Recent Insider Transactions

Ownership Breakdown

Dilution of Shares: Shareholders have not been meaningfully diluted in the past year.

Top Shareholders

Company Information

Caterpillar Inc.'s company bio, employee growth, exchange listings and data sources

Key Information

  • Name: Caterpillar Inc.
  • Ticker: CAT
  • Exchange: NYSE
  • Founded: 1925
  • Industry: Construction Machinery and Heavy Trucks
  • Sector: Capital Goods
  • Market Cap: US$73.132b
  • Shares outstanding: 541.24m
  • Website: https://www.caterpillar.com

Number of Employees


  • Caterpillar Inc.
  • 510 Lake Cook Road
  • Suite 100
  • Deerfield
  • Illinois
  • 60015
  • United States


TickerExchangePrimary SecuritySecurity TypeCountryCurrencyListed on
CATNYSE (New York Stock Exchange)YesCommon StockUSUSDJan 1968
CATSWX (SIX Swiss Exchange)YesCommon StockCHCHFJan 1968
0Q18LSE (London Stock Exchange)YesCommon StockGBEURJan 1968
CAT1DB (Deutsche Boerse AG)YesCommon StockDEEURJan 1968
CAT *BMV (Bolsa Mexicana de Valores)YesCommon StockMXMXNJan 1968
CATRENXTPA (Euronext Paris)YesCommon StockFREURJan 1968
CAT1XTRA (XETRA Trading Platform)YesCommon StockDEEURJan 1968
CATBVC (Bolsa de Valores de Colombia)YesCommon StockCOCOPJan 1968
CATSNSE (Santiago Stock Exchange)YesCommon StockCLUSDJan 1968
CATZBATS-CHIXE (BATS 'Chi-X Europe')YesCommon StockGBCHFJan 1968
CATWBAG (Wiener Boerse AG)YesCommon StockATEURJan 1968
CAT-UETLX (Eurotlx)YesCommon StockITEURJan 1968
CATBASE (Buenos Aires Stock Exchange)CEDEAR ECH REP 1/5 COM USD1ARARSDec 2000
CATP34BOVESPA (Bolsa de Valores de Sao Paulo)BDR EACH REPR 1 COM USD1BRBRLDec 2011


Caterpillar Inc. manufactures and sells construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines, and industrial gas turbines. Its Construction Industries segment offers asphalt pavers, compactors, cold planers, feller bunchers, harvesters, motorgraders, pipelayers, road reclaimers, skidders, telehandlers, and utility vehicles; backhoe, knuckleboom, compact track, multi-terrain, skid steer, and track-type loaders; forestry and wheel excavators; and site prep and track-type tractors. The company’s Resource Industries segment provides electric rope and hydraulic shovels, draglines, rotary drills, hard rock vehicles, track-type tractors, mining trucks, longwall miners, wheel loaders, off-highway and articulated trucks, wheel tractor scrapers, wheel dozers, landfill and soil compactors, machinery components, electronics and control systems, select work tools, and hard rock continuous mining systems. Its Energy & Transportation segment offers reciprocating engine powered generator sets; reciprocating engines and integrated systems for the power generation, marine, oil, and gas industries; turbines, centrifugal gas compressors, and related services; remanufactured reciprocating engines and components; and diesel-electric locomotives and components, and other rail-related products. The company’s Financial Products segment provides operating and finance leases, installment sale contracts, working capital loans, and wholesale financing; and insurance and risk management products. Its All Other operating segment manufactures filters and fluids, undercarriage, ground engaging tools, fluid transfer products, precision seals, and rubber sealing and connecting components; parts distribution; integrated logistics solutions and distribution services; and digital investments services. The company was formerly known as Caterpillar Tractor Co. and changed its name to Caterpillar Inc. in 1986. The company was founded in 1925 and is headquartered in Deerfield, Illinois. 

Company Analysis and Financial Data Status

All financial data provided by Standard & Poor's Capital IQ.
DataLast Updated (UTC time)
Company Analysis2020/06/06 02:00
End of Day Share Price2020/06/05 00:00
Annual Earnings2019/12/31

Unless specified all financial data is based on a yearly period but updated quarterly. This is known as Trailing Twelve Month (TTM) or Last Twelve Month (LTM) Data. Learn more here.