Did Sachem Capital Corp (NYSEMKT:SACH) Create Value For Shareholders?

Sachem Capital Corp (AMEX:SACH) delivered an ROE of 10.20% over the past 12 months, which is an impressive feat relative to its industry average of 4.97% during the same period. But what is more interesting is whether SACH can sustain this above-average ratio. This can be measured by looking at the company’s financial leverage. With more debt, SACH can invest even more and earn more money, thus pushing up its returns. However, ROE only measures returns against equity, not debt. This can be distorted, so let’s take a look at it further. View our latest analysis for Sachem Capital

What you must know about ROE

Firstly, Return on Equity, or ROE, is simply the percentage of last years’ earning against the book value of shareholders’ equity. An ROE of 10.20% implies $0.1 returned on every $1 invested, so the higher the return, the better. If investors diversify their portfolio by industry, they may want to maximise their return in the Thrifts and Mortgage Finance sector by investing in the highest returning stock. However, this can be deceiving as each company has varying costs of equity and debt levels, which could exaggeratedly push up ROE at the same time as accumulating high interest expense.

Return on Equity = Net Profit ÷ Shareholders Equity

ROE is measured against cost of equity in order to determine the efficiency of Sachem Capital’s equity capital deployed. Its cost of equity is 9.72%. Since Sachem Capital’s return covers its cost in excess of 0.49%, its use of equity capital is efficient and likely to be sustainable. Simply put, Sachem Capital pays less for its capital than what it generates in return. ROE can be dissected into three distinct ratios: net profit margin, asset turnover, and financial leverage. This is called the Dupont Formula:

Dupont Formula

ROE = profit margin × asset turnover × financial leverage

ROE = (annual net profit ÷ sales) × (sales ÷ assets) × (assets ÷ shareholders’ equity)

ROE = annual net profit ÷ shareholders’ equity

AMEX:SACH Last Perf Mar 19th 18
AMEX:SACH Last Perf Mar 19th 18

Essentially, profit margin shows how much money the company makes after paying for all its expenses. Asset turnover shows how much revenue Sachem Capital can generate with its current asset base. The most interesting ratio, and reflective of sustainability of its ROE, is financial leverage. We can assess whether Sachem Capital is fuelling ROE by excessively raising debt. Ideally, Sachem Capital should have a balanced capital structure, which we can check by looking at the historic debt-to-equity ratio of the company. The most recent ratio is 41.44%, which is sensible and indicates Sachem Capital has not taken on too much leverage. Thus, we can conclude its above-average ROE is generated from its capacity to increase profit without a large debt burden.

AMEX:SACH Historical Debt Mar 19th 18
AMEX:SACH Historical Debt Mar 19th 18

Next Steps:

ROE is one of many ratios which meaningfully dissects financial statements, which illustrates the quality of a company. Sachem Capital’s above-industry ROE is encouraging, and is also in excess of its cost of equity. Its high ROE is not likely to be driven by high debt. Therefore, investors may have more confidence in the sustainability of this level of returns going forward. Although ROE can be a useful metric, it is only a small part of diligent research.

For Sachem Capital, I’ve put together three fundamental factors you should further research: