Shareholders appeared unconcerned with Harley-Davidson, Inc.'s (NYSE:HOG) lackluster earnings report last week. Our analysis suggests that while the profits are soft, the foundations of the business are strong.
Examining Cashflow Against Harley-Davidson's Earnings
Many investors haven't heard of the accrual ratio from cashflow, but it is actually a useful measure of how well a company's profit is backed up by free cash flow (FCF) during a given period. The accrual ratio subtracts the FCF from the profit for a given period, and divides the result by the average operating assets of the company over that time. The ratio shows us how much a company's profit exceeds its FCF.
As a result, a negative accrual ratio is a positive for the company, and a positive accrual ratio is a negative. While it's not a problem to have a positive accrual ratio, indicating a certain level of non-cash profits, a high accrual ratio is arguably a bad thing, because it indicates paper profits are not matched by cash flow. That's because some academic studies have suggested that high accruals ratios tend to lead to lower profit or less profit growth.
Over the twelve months to December 2020, Harley-Davidson recorded an accrual ratio of -0.11. That indicates that its free cash flow was a fair bit more than its statutory profit. In fact, it had free cash flow of US$1.0b in the last year, which was a lot more than its statutory profit of US$1.30m. Harley-Davidson shareholders are no doubt pleased that free cash flow improved over the last twelve months. Having said that it seems that a recent tax benefit and some unusual items have impacted its profit (and this its accrual ratio).
That might leave you wondering what analysts are forecasting in terms of future profitability. Luckily, you can click here to see an interactive graph depicting future profitability, based on their estimates.
The Impact Of Unusual Items On Profit
On top of the noteworthy accrual ratio and the spike in non-operating revenue, we can also see that Harley-Davidson suffered from unusual items, which reduced profit by US$130m in the last twelve months. While deductions due to unusual items are disappointing in the first instance, there is a silver lining. When we analysed the vast majority of listed companies worldwide, we found that significant unusual items are often not repeated. And that's hardly a surprise given these line items are considered unusual. In the twelve months to December 2020, Harley-Davidson had a big unusual items expense. As a result, we can surmise that the unusual items made its statutory profit significantly weaker than it would otherwise be.
An Unusual Tax Situation
Moving on from the unusual items and the non-operating revenue, we note that Harley-Davidson profited from a tax benefit which contributedUS$17m to profit. It's always a bit noteworthy when a company is paid by the tax man, rather than paying the tax man. We're sure the company was pleased with its tax benefit. However, the devil in the detail is that these kind of benefits only impact in the year they are booked, and are often one-off in nature. Assuming the tax benefit is not repeated every year, we could see its profitability drop noticeably, all else being equal. So while we think it's great to receive a tax benefit, it does tend to imply an increased risk that the statutory profit overstates the sustainable earnings power of the business.
Our Take On Harley-Davidson's Profit Performance
Summing up, Harley-Davidson's accrual ratio and its unusual items suggest that its statutory earnings were temporarily depressed, while its tax benefit is having the opposite effect. Looking at all these factors, we'd say that Harley-Davidson's underlying earnings power is at least as good as the statutory numbers would make it seem. If you'd like to know more about Harley-Davidson as a business, it's important to be aware of any risks it's facing. For example, Harley-Davidson has 4 warning signs (and 1 which makes us a bit uncomfortable) we think you should know about.
Our examination of Harley-Davidson has focussed on certain factors that can make its earnings look better than they are. And it has passed with flying colours. But there is always more to discover if you are capable of focussing your mind on minutiae. For example, many people consider a high return on equity as an indication of favorable business economics, while others like to 'follow the money' and search out stocks that insiders are buying. So you may wish to see this free collection of companies boasting high return on equity, or this list of stocks that insiders are buying.
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This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.
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