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mm2 Asia

SGX:1B0
Snowflake Description

High growth potential with excellent balance sheet.

The Snowflake is generated from 30 checks in 5 different areas, read more below.
1B0
SGX
SGD564M
Market Cap
  1. Home
  2. SG
  3. Media
Company description

mm2 Asia Ltd., an investment holding company, produces, distributes, and sponsors films, television (TV), and online content in Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, China, and internationally. The last earnings update was 147 days ago. More info.


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3 Month History
1B0
Industry
5yr Volatility vs Market

Value

 Is mm2 Asia undervalued based on future cash flows and its price relative to the stock market?

Value is all about what a company is worth versus what price it is available for. If you went into a grocery store and all the bananas were on sale at half price, they could be considered undervalued.
INTRINSIC VALUE BASED ON FUTURE CASH FLOWS
Here we compare the current share price of mm2 Asia to its discounted cash flow analysis.value.

The discounted cash flow value is simply looking at what the company is worth today, based on estimates of how much money it is expected to make in the future.

How is this discounted cash flow calculated?

Current Discount
Amount off the current price mm2 Asia is available for.
Intrinsic value
0%
Share price is SGD0.485 vs Future cash flow value of SGD0.48624
Current Discount Checks
For mm2 Asia to be considered undervalued it must be available for at least 20% below the current price. Less than 40% is even better.
  • mm2 Asia's share price is below the future cash flow value, but not at a moderate discount (< 20%).
  • mm2 Asia's share price is below the future cash flow value, but not at a substantial discount (< 40%).
PRICE RELATIVE TO MARKET
We can also value a company based on what the stock market is willing to pay for it. This is similar to the price of fruit (e.g. Mangoes or Avocados) increasing when they are out of season, or how much your home is worth.

The amount the stock market is willing to pay for mm2 Asia's earnings, growth and assets is considered below, and whether this is a fair price.
Price based on past earnings
Are mm2 Asia's earnings available for a low price, and how does this compare to other companies in the same industry?
  • mm2 Asia is good value based on earnings compared to the Asia Media industry average.
  • mm2 Asia is overvalued based on earnings compared to the SG market.
Price based on expected Growth
Does mm2 Asia's expected growth come at a high price?
  • mm2 Asia is good value based on expected growth next year.
Price based on value of assets
What value do investors place on mm2 Asia's assets?
  • mm2 Asia is overvalued based on assets compared to the Asia Media industry average.
X
Value checks
We assess mm2 Asia's value by looking at:
  1. Is the discounted cash flow value less than 20%, or 40% of the share price? (2 checks) ( Click here or on bar chart for details of DCF calculation. )
  2. Is the PE ratio less than the market average, and/ or less than the Media industry average (and greater than 0)? (2 checks)
  3. Is the PEG ratio within a reasonable range (0 to 1)? (1 check)
  4. Is the PB ratio less than the Media industry average (and greater than 0)? (1 check)
  5. mm2 Asia has a total score of 2/6, see the detailed checks below.

    Note: We use GAAP Earnings per Share in all our calculations including PE and PEG Ratio.
    Note 2: PEG ratio is based on analysts EPS growth expectations in 1 year (21.8%).

    Full details on the Value part of the Simply Wall St company analysis model.
X
Discounted cash flow (2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity)

The calculations below outline how an intrinsic value for mm2 Asia is arrived at by discounting future cash flows to their present value. We use analyst's estimates of cash flows going forward 5 years.

See our documentation to learn about this calculation.

5 year cash flow forecast

Present value of next 5 years cash flows:
SGD-1

Terminal Value

Terminal Value = FCF2022 × (1 + g) ÷ (Discount Rate – g)

Terminal Value = SGD61 × (1 + 1.88%) ÷ (8.97% – 1.88%)

Terminal value based on the Perpetuity Method where growth (g) = 1.88%:
SGD870

Present value of terminal value:
SGD566

Equity Value

Equity Value (Total value) = Present value of next 5 years cash flows + terminal value
SGD565 = SGD-1 + SGD566

Value = Total value / Shares Outstanding (SGD565 / 1,163)

Discount to Share Price

Value per share (SGD): SGD0.49

Current discount (share price of SGD0.49): 0.26%



Estimate of Discount Rate

The discount rate, or required rate of return, is estimated by calculating the Cost of Equity.

Discount rate = Cost of Equity = Risk Free Rate + (Levered Beta * Equity Risk Premium)

Discount rate = 8.97% = 1.88% + (0.874 * 8.12%)



Estimate of Bottom Up Beta

The Levered Beta is the Unlevered Beta adjusted for financial leverage. It is limited to 0.8 to 2.0 (practical range for a stable firm). Note the market value of equity is used not the book value (SGD563,960,235).

Levered Beta = Unlevered beta (1 + (1- tax rate) (Debt/Equity))

0.874 = 0.837 (1 + (1- 17%) (5.23%))

Levered Beta used in calculation = 0.874



Assumptions
  1. The risk free rate of 1.88% is from the 10 year government bond rate in SGD.
  2. The bottom-up beta is estimated by analysing other companies in the same industry.
  3. The Equity Risk Premium is calculated by subtracting the risk free rate from the market return premium (8.12%) (source: Buffet).
  4. The dividend discount model is automatically used for companies in the following industries: Banks, Insurance, Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs), Diversified Financial Services and Capital Markets.

Future Performance

 How is mm2 Asia expected to perform in the next 1 to 3 years based on estimates from 4 analysts?

The future performance of a company is measured in the same way as past performance, by looking at estimated growth and how much profit it is expected to make.

Future estimates come from professional analysts. Just like forecasting the weather, they don’t always get it right!
Annual Growth Rate
22.6%
Expected annual growth in earnings.
Earnings growth vs Low Risk Savings
Is mm2 Asia expected to grow at an attractive rate?
  • mm2 Asia's earnings growth is expected to exceed the low risk savings rate of 3.2%.
Growth vs Market Checks
  • mm2 Asia's earnings growth is expected to exceed the SG market average.
  • mm2 Asia's revenue growth is expected to exceed the SG market average.
Annual Growth Rates Comparison
Analysts growth expectations
Super high growth metrics
High Growth Checks
  • mm2 Asia's earnings are expected to grow significantly at over 20% yearly.
  • mm2 Asia's revenue is expected to grow significantly at over 20% yearly.
Past and Future Earnings per Share
The accuracy of the analysts who estimate the future performance data can be gauged below. We look back 3 years and see if they were any good at predicting what actually occurred. We also show the highest and lowest estimates looking forward to see if there is a wide range.
Performance in 3 years
In the same way as past performance we look at the future estimated return (profit) compared to the available funds. We do this looking forward 3 years.
  • mm2 Asia is not expected to efficiently use shareholders’ funds in the future (Return on Equity less than 20%).
X
Future performance checks
We assess mm2 Asia's future performance by looking at:
  1. Is the annual earnings growth rate expected to beat the low risk savings rate, plus a premium to keep pace with inflation?
  2. Is the annual earnings growth rate expected to beat the average growth rate in earnings of the Asia market? (1 check)
  3. Is the annual revenue growth rate expected to beat the average growth rate in revenue of the Asia market? (1 check)
  4. Is the annual earnings growth rate expected to be above 20%? (1 check)
  5. Is the annual revenue growth rate expected to be above 20%? (1 check)
  6. Is the Return on Equity in 3 years expected to be over 20%? (1 check)
Some of the above checks will fail if the company is expected to be loss making in the relevant year.
mm2 Asia has a total score of 5/6, see the detailed checks below.

Note 1: We use GAAP Net Income Excluding Exceptional Items for our Earnings in all our calculations.

Full details on the Future part of the Simply Wall St company analysis model.

Past Performance

  How has mm2 Asia performed over the past 5 years?

The past performance of a company can be measured by how much growth it has experienced and how much profit it makes relative to the funds and assets it has available.
Past earnings growth
Below we compare mm2 Asia's growth in the last year to its industry (Media).
Past Earnings growth analysis
We also check if the company has grown in the past 5 years, and whether it has maintained that growth in the year.
  • mm2 Asia has delivered over 20% year on year earnings growth in the past 5 years.
  • mm2 Asia's 1-year earnings growth exceeds its 5-year average (89.1% vs 42.2%)
  • mm2 Asia's earnings growth has exceeded the Asia Media industry average in the past year (89.1% vs 15.7%).
Earnings and Revenue History
mm2 Asia's revenue and profit over the past 5 years is shown below, any years where they have experienced a loss will show up in red.
Performance last year
We want to ensure a company is making the most of what it has available. This is done by comparing the return (profit) to a company's available funds, assets and capital.
  • mm2 Asia has not efficiently used shareholders’ funds last year (Return on Equity less than 20%).
  • mm2 Asia used its assets less efficiently than the Asia Media industry average last year based on Return on Assets.
  • mm2 Asia's use of capital has not improved over the past 3 years (Return on Capital Employed).
X
Past performance checks
We assess mm2 Asia's performance over the past 5 years by checking for:
  1. Has earnings increased in past 5 years? (1 check)
  2. Has the earnings growth in the last year exceeded that of the Media industry? (1 check)
  3. Is the recent earnings growth over the last year higher than the average annual growth over the past 5 years? (1 check)
  4. Is the Return on Equity (ROE) higher than 20%? (1 check)
  5. Is the Return on Assets (ROA) above industry average? (1 check)
  6. Has the Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) increased from 3 years ago? (1 check)
The above checks will fail if the company has reported a loss in the most recent earnings report. Some checks require at least 3 or 5 years worth of data.
mm2 Asia has a total score of 3/6, see the detailed checks below.

Note: We use GAAP Net Income excluding extraordinary items in all our calculations.

Full details on the Past part of the Simply Wall St company analysis model.

Health

 How is mm2 Asia's financial health and their level of debt?

A company's financial position is much like your own financial position, it includes everything you own (assets) and owe (liabilities).

The boxes below represent the relative size of what makes up mm2 Asia's finances.

The net worth of a company is the difference between its assets and liabilities.
Net Worth
  • mm2 Asia's short term (1 year) commitments are greater than its holdings of cash and other short term assets.
  • mm2 Asia's cash and other short term assets cover its long term commitments.
Balance sheet
This treemap shows a more detailed breakdown of mm2 Asia's finances. If any of them are yellow this indicates they may be out of proportion and red means they relate to one of the checks below.
Assets
Liabilities and shares
The 'shares' portion represents any funds contributed by the owners (shareholders) and any profits.
  • Low level of unsold assets.
  • Debt is covered by short term assets, assets are 5.7x debt.
Historical Debt
Nearly all companies have debt. Debt in itself isn’t bad, however if the debt is too high, or the company can’t afford to pay the interest on its debts this may have impacts in the future.

The graphic below shows equity (available funds) and debt, we ideally want to see the red area (debt) decreasing.

If there is any debt we look at the companies capability to repay it, and whether the level has increased over the past 5 years.
  • mm2 Asia's level of debt (14.6%) compared to net worth is satisfactory (less than 40%).
  • The level of debt compared to net worth has been reduced over the past 5 years (73% vs 14.6% today).
  • Debt is well covered by operating cash flow (96.1%, greater than 20% of total debt).
  • Interest payments on debt are well covered by earnings (EBIT is 54.2x coverage).
X
Financial health checks
We assess mm2 Asia's financial health by checking for:
  1. Are short term assets greater than short term liabilities? (1 check)
  2. Are short term assets greater than long term liabilities? (1 check)
  3. Has the debt to equity ratio increased in the past 5 years? (1 check)
  4. Is the debt to equity ratio over 40%? (1 check)
  5. Is the debt covered by operating cash flow? (1 check)
  6. Are earnings greater than 5x the interest on debt (if company pays interest at all)? (1 check)
  7. mm2 Asia has a total score of 5/6, see the detailed checks below.
For companies that are loss making and have been so on average in the past we replace the last 2 checks with:
  1. Does cash and short term investments cover stable operating expenses (recurring G&A and R&D) for more than 3 years? (1 check)
  2. Does cash and short term investments cover growing operating expenses (recurring G&A and R&D) for more than 3 years? (1 check)


Full details on the Health part of the Simply Wall St company analysis model.

Dividends

 What is mm2 Asia's current dividend yield, its reliability and sustainability?

Dividends are regular cash payments to you from the company, similar to a bank paying you interest on a savings account.
Annual Dividend Income
Dividend payments
0%
Current annual income from mm2 Asia dividends.
If you bought SGD2,000 of mm2 Asia shares you are expected to receive SGD0 in your first year as a dividend.
Dividend Amount
Here we look how much dividend is being paid, if any. Is it above what you can get in a savings account? It is up there with the best dividend paying companies?
  • Unable to evaluate mm2 Asia's dividend against the low risk savings benchmark as the company has not reported any payouts.
  • Unable to evaluate mm2 Asia's dividend against the market benchmark as the company has not reported any payouts.
Annualized Historical and Future Dividends
It is important to see if the dividend for a company is stable, and not wildly increasing/decreasing each year. This graph shows you the historical rate to count toward your assessment of the stock.

We also check to see if the dividend has increased in the past 10 years.
  • Unable to perform a dividend volatility check as mm2 Asia has not reported any payouts.
  • Unable to verify if mm2 Asia's dividend has been increasing as the company has not reported any payouts.
Current Payout to shareholders
What portion of mm2 Asia's earnings are paid to the shareholders as a dividend.
  • Unable to calculate sustainability of dividends as mm2 Asia has not reported any payouts.
Future Payout to shareholders
  • Insufficient estimate data to determine if a dividend will be paid in 3 years and that it will be sustainable.
X
Income/ dividend checks
We assess mm2 Asia's dividend by checking for:
  1. Firstly is the company paying a notable dividend (greater than 0.5%) - if not then the rest of the checks are ignored.
  2. Current dividend yield, is there one at all, is it higher than the low risk savings rate, and is it above the top 25% of dividend payers? (2 checks)
  3. Have they paid a dividend for 10 years, and during this period has the dividend been volatile (drop of more than 25%)? (1 check)
  4. If they have paid a dividend for 10 years has it increased in this time? (1 check)
  5. How sustainable is the dividend, can mm2 Asia afford to pay it from its earnings today and in 3 years (Payout ratio less than 90%)? (2 checks)
  6. mm2 Asia has a total score of 0/6, see the detailed checks below.


Full details on the Dividends part of the Simply Wall St company analysis model.

Management

 What is the CEO of mm2 Asia's salary, the management and board of directors tenure and is there insider trading?

Management is one of the most important areas of a company. We look at unreasonable CEO compensation, how long the team and board of directors have been around for and insider trading.
CEO
Long Jong Chang, image provided by Google.
Long Jong Chang
AGE 57
TENURE AS CEO 1.1 years
CEO Bio

Mr. Long Jong Chang has been the Group Chief Executive Officer of mm2 Asia Ltd. since April 3, 2017. Mr. Chang served as Deputy Chief Executive Officer and Chief Customer Officer at MediaCorp Pte Ltd. until April 2017 and served as its Deputy Chief Executive Officer for Television since May 2007. He had overseen all of Mediacorp's major media assets including TV, Radio, Newspaper, Magazines and Over-the-Top (OTT) service Toggle. He also led Mediacorp's events business, Vizpro and Mediacorp's media training business, Singapore Media Academy. He has served as Deputy Chief Executive Officer of MediaCorp's Productions and Studio business units. He joined MediaCorp in 1999. He served many distinguished posts heading MediaCorp's subsidiaries. He began his career in Media at the Television Corporation of Singapore in 1994 as an Assistant Vice President of Drama Operations and served as the Vice President of Chinese Drama. He has gathered experience in channel management, content development and production, content licensing and distribution, media business development and talent management since 1985, when he joined Singapore Broadcasting Corporation. He served as a Commissioner of PT Global Mediacom Tbk since April 27, 2011 until July 29, 2015. He served as Commissioner of PT. Media Nusantara Citra Tbk. He holds a Bachelor of Civil Engineering from NTU Singapore, where he graduated in 1985.

CEO Compensation
  • Insufficient data for Long Jong to compare compensation growth.
  • Insufficient data for Long Jong to establish whether their compensation is reasonable for a company of this size and profit level.
Management Team Tenure

Average tenure and age of the mm2 Asia management team in years:

1.1
Average Tenure
54
Average Age
  • The average tenure for the mm2 Asia management team is less than 2 years, this suggests a new team.
Management Team

Melvin Ang

TITLE
Executive Chairman
COMPENSATION
SGD125K
AGE
54

Long Jong Chang

TITLE
Group Chief Executive Officer
AGE
57
TENURE
1.1 yrs

How Kiat Chong

TITLE
Chief Financial Officer
TENURE
2.6 yrs

Hock Ong

TITLE
Chief Corporate Development Officer
AGE
49
TENURE
0.4 yrs

Ng Yong

TITLE
Chief Content Officer & MD of mm2 Singapore
AGE
54

Toong Wei

TITLE
General Manager of mm2 Entertainment Pte. Ltd.
AGE
39

Sky Li

TITLE
Chief Operating Officer of Vividthree Productions

Jay Hong

TITLE
Chief Technology Officer of Vividthree Productions

Charles Yeo

TITLE
Chief Executive Officer of Vividthree Productions

Teck Hiong Chua

TITLE
Chief Executive Officer of mm2 View
Board of Directors Tenure

Average tenure and age of the mm2 Asia board of directors in years:

2.4
Average Tenure
56
Average Age
  • The average tenure for the mm2 Asia board of directors is less than 3 years, this suggests a new board.
Board of Directors

Melvin Ang

TITLE
Executive Chairman
COMPENSATION
SGD125K
AGE
54
TENURE
1.3 yrs

Jack Chia

TITLE
Independent Director
AGE
56
TENURE
3.5 yrs

Liang Pheng Tan

TITLE
Lead Independent Director
AGE
69
TENURE
1.3 yrs

Thomas Lei

TITLE
Independent Director
AGE
54
TENURE
3.5 yrs

Terry Mak

TITLE
Non-Executive Director
AGE
59
TENURE
3.5 yrs

Dennis Chia

TITLE
Non-Executive Director
TENURE
0.8 yrs
Recent Insider Trading
  • No 3 month insider trading information.
Who owns this company?
X
Management checks
We assess mm2 Asia's management by checking for:
  1. Is the CEO's compensation unreasonable compared to market cap and profit (greater than 0.5% of the company's profit + 0.03% of market cap)? (1 check)
  2. Has the CEO's compensation increased more than 20% whilst the EPS is down more then 20%? (1 check)
  3. Is the average tenure of the management team less than 2 years? (1 check)
  4. Is the average tenure of the board of directors team less than 3 years? (1 check)
  5. mm2 Asia has a total score of 0/6, this is not included on the snowflake, see the detailed checks below.


Note: We use the top 6 management executives and board members in our calculations.

Note 2: Insider trading include any internal stakeholders and these transactions .

Full details on the Management part of the Simply Wall St company analysis model.

News

External News
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Simply Wall St News

Should You Be Tempted To Sell mm2 Asia Ltd (SGX:1B0) At Its Current PE Ratio?

It compares a stock’s price per share to the stock’s earnings per share. … Formula Price-Earnings Ratio = Price per share ÷ Earnings per share P/E Calculation for 1B0 Price per share = SGD0.47 Earnings per share = SGD0.023 ∴ Price-Earnings Ratio = SGD0.47 ÷ SGD0.023 = 20.7x The P/E ratio itself doesn’t tell you a lot; however, it becomes very insightful when you compare it with other similar companies. … Ultimately, our goal is to compare the stock’s P/E ratio to the average of companies that have similar attributes to 1B0, such as company lifetime and products sold.

Simply Wall St -

Is mm2 Asia Ltd (SGX:1B0) A Sell At Its Current PE Ratio?

Formula Price-Earnings Ratio = Price per share ÷ Earnings per share P/E Calculation for 1B0 Price per share = SGD0.55 Earnings per share = SGD0.021 ∴ Price-Earnings Ratio = SGD0.55 ÷ SGD0.021 = 25.7x The P/E ratio itself doesn’t tell you a lot; however, it becomes very insightful when you compare it with other similar companies. … For example, if you are inadvertently comparing riskier firms with 1B0, then 1B0’s P/E would naturally be higher than its peers since investors would reward its lower risk with a higher price. … In this case, 1B0’s P/E would be higher since investors would also reward 1B0’s higher growth with a higher price.

Simply Wall St -

Best-In-Class Growth Stocks

U77’s forecasted bottom line growth is an optimistic double-digit 39.27%, driven by the underlying double-digit sales growth of 18.70% over the next few years. … Profit growth, coupled with top-line expansion, is a positive indication. … Profit growth, coupled with top-line expansion, is a positive indication.

Simply Wall St -

Where mm2 Asia Ltd (SGX:1B0) Stands In Terms Of Earnings Growth Against Its Industry

Check out our latest analysis for mm2 Asia Did 1B0's recent earnings growth beat the long-term trend and the industry? … This means on average, mm2 Asia has been able to steadily grow its net income over the past few years as well. … This means that, in the recent industry expansion, mm2 Asia is able to amplify this to its advantage.What does this mean?

Simply Wall St -

How mm2 Asia Ltd (SGX:1B0) Delivered A Better ROE Than Its Industry

View our latest analysis for mm2ia Peeling the layers of ROE – trisecting a company’s profitability Return on Equity (ROE) is a measure of mm2ia’s profit relative to its shareholders’ equity. … Return on Equity = Net Profit ÷ Shareholders Equity ROE is assessed against cost of equity, which is measured using the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) – but let’s not dive into the details of that today. … This is called the Dupont Formula: Dupont Formula ROE = profit margin × asset turnover × financial leverage ROE = (annual net profit ÷ sales) × (sales ÷ assets) × (assets ÷ shareholders’ equity) ROE = annual net profit ÷ shareholders’ equity SGX:1B0 Last Perf Dec 20th 17 Basically, profit margin measures how much of revenue trickles down into earnings which illustrates how efficient the business is with its cost management.

Simply Wall St -

Is There Now An Opportunity In mm2 Asia Ltd (SGX:1B0)?

This is because 1B0’s beta (a measure of share price volatility) is high, meaning its price movements will be exaggerated relative to the rest of the market. … Although value investors would argue that it’s the intrinsic value relative to the price that matter the most, a more compelling investment thesis would be high growth potential at a cheap price. … 1B0’s optimistic future growth appears to have been factored into the current share price, with shares trading around its fair value.

Simply Wall St -

Company Info

Map
Description

mm2 Asia Ltd., an investment holding company, produces, distributes, and sponsors films, television (TV), and online content in Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, China, and internationally. It operates through Core Business, Post-Production, Cinema Operation, Event Production and Concert Promotion, and Others segments. The company provides a range of filmmaking process services, including financing, production, securing sponsorship, and the marketing and distribution of films, TV, and online content; and motion picture, video, and TV program post-production services. It also produces advertisements, corporate videos, and event videos; and distributes content produced by third parties across various platforms, such as cinemas, Pay TV, Free TV, online, DVD, airlines, and others. In addition, the company is involved in the film exhibition business through the operation of two cinemas, which include 43 screens under the name mmCineplexes in Johor Bahru, Kuala Lumpur, Bertam, Prai, and Langkawi in Malaysia; engages in café operation, as well as dramatic arts, music, and other arts production related activities; and provides 3D animation, VFX, and CGI services. Further, it produces and promotes events and concerts for artists, as well as offers creative and technical solutions for events and concerts; provides venue co-management services; leases stage equipment and premises; and develops software for interactive digital media. Additionally, the company engages in the rental of stage lighting, sound systems, audio equipment, and light system installation; and organizes and promotes shows, entertainment acts, and other related services. mm2 Asia Ltd. was founded in 2008 and is headquartered in Singapore.

Details
Name: mm2 Asia Ltd.
1B0
Exchange: SGX
Founded: 2008
SGD563,960,235
1,162,804,610
Website: http://www.mm2asia.com
Address: mm2 Asia Ltd.
No. 07-11 Redhill Industrial Estate,
1002 Jalan Bukit Merah,
Singapore,
159456,
Singapore
Listings
Exchange Symbol Ticker Symbol Security Exchange Country Currency Listed on
SGX 1B0 New Ordinary Shares Singapore Exchange SG SGD 09. Dec 2014
SGX 1B0 NPV (POST SUBDIVISION) Singapore Exchange SG SGD 27. May 2018
Number of employees
Current staff
Staff numbers
30
mm2 Asia employees.
Industry
Movies and Entertainment
Media
Company Analysis and Financial Data Status
Area Date (UTC time)
Company Analysis updated: 2018/05/27 11:33
End of day share price update: 2018/05/25 00:00
Last estimates confirmation: 2018/04/22
Last earnings update: 2017/12/31
Last annual earnings update: 2017/03/31


All dates and times in UTC. All financial data provided by Standard & Poor’s Capital IQ.

Unless specified all financial data is based on a yearly period but updated quarterly. This is known as Trailing Twelve Month (TTM) or Last Twelve Month (LTM) Data. Learn more here.