Howard Marks put it nicely when he said that, rather than worrying about share price volatility, ‘The possibility of permanent loss is the risk I worry about… and every practical investor I know worries about.’ So it might be obvious that you need to consider debt, when you think about how risky any given stock is, because too much debt can sink a company. As with many other companies Addtech AB (publ.) (STO:ADDT B) makes use of debt. But is this debt a concern to shareholders?
Why Does Debt Bring Risk?
Debt assists a business until the business has trouble paying it off, either with new capital or with free cash flow. If things get really bad, the lenders can take control of the business. However, a more common (but still painful) scenario is that it has to raise new equity capital at a low price, thus permanently diluting shareholders. By replacing dilution, though, debt can be an extremely good tool for businesses that need capital to invest in growth at high rates of return. The first thing to do when considering how much debt a business uses is to look at its cash and debt together.
What Is Addtech AB (publ.)’s Net Debt?
As you can see below, at the end of June 2019, Addtech AB (publ.) had kr2.52b of debt, up from kr1.47b a year ago. Click the image for more detail. However, it also had kr233.0m in cash, and so its net debt is kr2.28b.
How Strong Is Addtech AB (publ.)’s Balance Sheet?
We can see from the most recent balance sheet that Addtech AB (publ.) had liabilities of kr3.28b falling due within a year, and liabilities of kr1.85b due beyond that. Offsetting these obligations, it had cash of kr233.0m as well as receivables valued at kr2.06b due within 12 months. So its liabilities outweigh the sum of its cash and (near-term) receivables by kr2.84b.
Since publicly traded Addtech AB (publ.) shares are worth a total of kr17.0b, it seems unlikely that this level of liabilities would be a major threat. However, we do think it is worth keeping an eye on its balance sheet strength, as it may change over time.
We use two main ratios to inform us about debt levels relative to earnings. The first is net debt divided by earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA), while the second is how many times its earnings before interest and tax (EBIT) covers its interest expense (or its interest cover, for short). Thus we consider debt relative to earnings both with and without depreciation and amortization expenses.
We’d say that Addtech AB (publ.)’s moderate net debt to EBITDA ratio ( being 1.9), indicates prudence when it comes to debt. And its strong interest cover of 81.3 times, makes us even more comfortable. Importantly, Addtech AB (publ.) grew its EBIT by 37% over the last twelve months, and that growth will make it easier to handle its debt. The balance sheet is clearly the area to focus on when you are analysing debt. But it is future earnings, more than anything, that will determine Addtech AB (publ.)’s ability to maintain a healthy balance sheet going forward. So if you’re focused on the future you can check out this free report showing analyst profit forecasts.
Finally, while the tax-man may adore accounting profits, lenders only accept cold hard cash. So the logical step is to look at the proportion of that EBIT that is matched by actual free cash flow. Over the most recent three years, Addtech AB (publ.) recorded free cash flow worth 66% of its EBIT, which is around normal, given free cash flow excludes interest and tax. This cold hard cash means it can reduce its debt when it wants to.
Addtech AB (publ.)’s interest cover suggests it can handle its debt as easily as Cristiano Ronaldo could score a goal against an under 14’s goalkeeper. And the good news does not stop there, as its EBIT growth rate also supports that impression! Zooming out, Addtech AB (publ.) seems to use debt quite reasonably; and that gets the nod from us. After all, sensible leverage can boost returns on equity. Of course, we wouldn’t say no to the extra confidence that we’d gain if we knew that Addtech AB (publ.) insiders have been buying shares: if you’re on the same wavelength, you can find out if insiders are buying by clicking this link.
At the end of the day, it’s often better to focus on companies that are free from net debt. You can access our special list of such companies (all with a track record of profit growth). It’s free.
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If you spot an error that warrants correction, please contact the editor at firstname.lastname@example.org. This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. Simply Wall St has no position in the stocks mentioned. Thank you for reading.