With An ROE Of 3.51%, Has Raghuvir Synthetics Limited’s (BOM:514316) Management Done Well?

The content of this article will benefit those of you who are starting to educate yourself about investing in the stock market and want to begin learning the link between Raghuvir Synthetics Limited (BOM:514316)’s return fundamentals and stock market performance.

Raghuvir Synthetics Limited (BOM:514316) generated a below-average return on equity of 3.51% in the past 12 months, while its industry returned 7.55%. An investor may attribute an inferior ROE to a relatively inefficient performance, and whilst this can often be the case, knowing the nuts and bolts of the ROE calculation may change that perspective and give you a deeper insight into 514316’s past performance. Today I will look at how components such as financial leverage can influence ROE which may impact the sustainability of 514316’s returns. View out our latest analysis for Raghuvir Synthetics

Peeling the layers of ROE – trisecting a company’s profitability

Firstly, Return on Equity, or ROE, is simply the percentage of last years’ earning against the book value of shareholders’ equity. It essentially shows how much the company can generate in earnings given the amount of equity it has raised. Investors that are diversifying their portfolio based on industry may want to maximise their return in the Textiles sector by choosing the highest returning stock. However, this can be deceiving as each company has varying costs of equity and debt levels, which could exaggeratedly push up ROE at the same time as accumulating high interest expense.

Return on Equity = Net Profit ÷ Shareholders Equity

ROE is assessed against cost of equity, which is measured using the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) – but let’s not dive into the details of that today. For now, let’s just look at the cost of equity number for Raghuvir Synthetics, which is 13.55%. This means Raghuvir Synthetics’s returns actually do not cover its own cost of equity, with a discrepancy of -10.03%. This isn’t sustainable as it implies, very simply, that the company pays more for its capital than what it generates in return. ROE can be broken down into three different ratios: net profit margin, asset turnover, and financial leverage. This is called the Dupont Formula:

Dupont Formula

ROE = profit margin × asset turnover × financial leverage

ROE = (annual net profit ÷ sales) × (sales ÷ assets) × (assets ÷ shareholders’ equity)

ROE = annual net profit ÷ shareholders’ equity

BSE:514316 Last Perf June 13th 18
BSE:514316 Last Perf June 13th 18

Basically, profit margin measures how much of revenue trickles down into earnings which illustrates how efficient the business is with its cost management. Asset turnover shows how much revenue Raghuvir Synthetics can generate with its current asset base. And finally, financial leverage is simply how much of assets are funded by equity, which exhibits how sustainable the company’s capital structure is. ROE can be inflated by disproportionately high levels of debt. This is also unsustainable due to the high interest cost that the company will also incur. Thus, we should look at Raghuvir Synthetics’s debt-to-equity ratio to examine sustainability of its returns. Currently the ratio stands at 83.80%, which is reasonable. This means Raghuvir Synthetics has not taken on too much leverage, and its current ROE is driven by its ability to grow its profit without a huge debt burden.

BSE:514316 Historical Debt June 13th 18
BSE:514316 Historical Debt June 13th 18

Next Steps:

ROE is one of many ratios which meaningfully dissects financial statements, which illustrates the quality of a company. Raghuvir Synthetics’s ROE is underwhelming relative to the industry average, and its returns were also not strong enough to cover its own cost of equity. However, ROE is not likely to be inflated by excessive debt funding, giving shareholders more conviction in the sustainability of returns, which has headroom to increase further. ROE is a helpful signal, but it is definitely not sufficient on its own to make an investment decision.

For Raghuvir Synthetics, I’ve put together three relevant aspects you should further research:

  1. Financial Health: Does it have a healthy balance sheet? Take a look at our free balance sheet analysis with six simple checks on key factors like leverage and risk.
  2. Valuation: What is Raghuvir Synthetics worth today? Is the stock undervalued, even when its growth outlook is factored into its intrinsic value? The intrinsic value infographic in our free research report helps visualize whether Raghuvir Synthetics is currently mispriced by the market.
  3. Other High-Growth Alternatives : Are there other high-growth stocks you could be holding instead of Raghuvir Synthetics? Explore our interactive list of stocks with large growth potential to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!